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Information about visiting Northern Ireland

Find answers below to the most commonly asked questions about travelling to Northern Ireland, and exploring while you're here. If you cannot find what you are looking for, please use our Contact Us form and we will get back to you as quickly as possible.

What is the latest travel and holiday advice?

For the latest travel advice and guidance, and updates about Coronavirus in Northern Ireland, please visit the NI Direct website , which is the local government website. For information on face coverings, social distancing regulations, disruption to your travel plans because of Covid-19, Vaccination Certificates ("Covid Passports") and other related topics visit our dedicated Covid-19 Information landing page.

What currency does Northern Ireland use?

Northern Ireland uses the pound sterling (£), the currency also in circulation in England, Scotland and Wales. Mastercard (Access) and Visa credit and debit cards are in general use and contactless payment methods are widely accepted.

The Republic of Ireland uses a different currency, the Euro.

Will I be able to use Euro in Northern Ireland?

Some larger stores in Northern Ireland, especially those in close proximity to the border, will accept Euro currency, however we recommend checking first to confirm if there will be a charge attached to this service and the exact rate. Visitors are advised to plan ahead and bring sterling currency where possible.

What is the best time of the year to come to Northern Ireland?

Northern Ireland's climate is mild and temperate, with mild winters, very little snow and warm summers. Between April and October you'll be able to enjoy the best, most clement weather, although our winters don't get too cold and often our summers can be just as wet! 

What is the climate in Northern Ireland?

The weather in Northern Ireland is changeable. The temperature usually stays above freezing, and there is seldom snow or ice, but at all times of the year it is advisable to be prepared for rain. Summer months can see prolonged periods of sunshine and despite the changeable climate there are generally higher levels of ultraviolet (UV) rays between March and October, even on cool or cloudy days, so high factor sun protection is recommended. As anywhere, we recommend dressing appropriately for the weather conditions and checking the forecast ahead of travelling.

Is it safe to visit Northern Ireland?

Yes. Northern Ireland has the second lowest crime rate in Europe and our residents are well known for their warm welcome. Decades ago, during the years of civil unrest, tourists were rarely affected. Everyone can expect a safe and enjoyable holiday here. As with any destination when travelling, common sense applies. General safety tips include leaving money and valuables in a safe place and only carrying what you need with you. Don't leave valuables in plain sight, keep handbags and backpacks closed and don't leave bags unattended.

Is it easy to travel to Northern Ireland?

Yes. Northern Ireland is geographically compact, with everywhere accessible within a few hours. There are many direct air routes into Northern Ireland from Britain as well as North American and European links. Travel time from Dublin Airport is under two hours. There are several ferry routes from Scotland and the north of England.

What are the Passport and Visa requirements for entry?

For UK nationals a passport is not strictly necessary but photographic identification is required. Check with your airline/ferry company as requirements vary.

For other nationals a valid passport or national identity card required. 

For citizens from Europe and most other western countries visas are not usually required.

You will not need a passport to cross the border from the Republic of Ireland into Northern Ireland and vice versa.

Further information is available from the British Embassy in your country of origin, call  0300 222 0000 or visit www.gov.uk/government/organisations/hm-passport-office .  For lost/stolen passport information please contact local police station, embassy or consulate.

Are we required to tip in restaurants?

At a restaurant check your bill to see if the service is included. It usually is. If not and you are satisfied with your service, you may wish to add between 10-15% as a tip, although it is not compulsory.

Is Northern Ireland a good place for shopping?

Northern Ireland has lots of great shops, including well known stores and smaller local retailers. Belfast city centre has the largest number of shops, including Castlecourt and Ireland's largest mall, Victoria Square, in the heart of the city. Outlet shopping can be found at The Boulevard in Banbridge and Junction One in Antrim. The majority of our towns and cities have high streets which boast a variety of small shops. Well-known options include Ballymena, Derry~Londonderry, Enniskillen, Newry and Lisburn.

Can visitors to Northern Ireland avail of tax free shopping?

All visitors from outside the European Union are able to avail of tax free shopping in the UK when they purchase eligible goods from participating retailers. The scheme is entirely voluntary so look out for the Tax Free Shopping logo before you purchase.

Are there left luggage facilities in Belfast?

The Belfast Welcome Centre , located opposite Belfast City Hall, provides this service. It costs £4 for a half day, or £6 for a full day (per bag). Photographic ID is required. Storage available during opening hours only (Mon - Sat 9am-5pm, Sun 11am-3.30pm). Last pick up is 15 minutes before the Belfast Welcome Centre closes. Telephone for further details (028) 9024 6609.

What are the useful telephone codes?

To call Northern Ireland from abroad, dial 00 44 and area code (without 0), then the local number. To call Northern Ireland from the Republic of Ireland, dial 048 and the area code (without 0) and then the local number. To call Northern Ireland from elsewhere in UK or to make an internal call, dial area code (with 0) and local number. To call the Republic from Northern Ireland, dial 00 353 and the area code (without 0) and then the local number.

Electrical current

The standard electricity supply in Northern Ireland is 240 volts. Visitors from some countries may require a transformer and a plug adaptor. A plug adaptor is necessary for visitors to convert 2-pin plugs to the standard 3-pin plugs and can be bought at most electrical stores.

What happens if I require medical treatment?

EU members will receive treatment as they would at home. A European Health Insurance card (EHIC) is required. The form can be obtained on the EHIC website, via a post office or by calling 0845 606 2030. Visitors are strongly advised to take out private travel insurance.

Do I need extra car insurance if I bring my car to Northern Ireland?

Additional insurance is not required if travelling from Britain or the Republic of Ireland. Travellers from other countries should check with their insurance companies. Remember to drive on the left hand side of the road.

Do I need a licence to drive a hire cruiser?

No, basic training is given on arrival with your chosen hire company.

Can I bring my dog to Northern Ireland?

Rules vary. It depends on the type of animal, your country of origin and the countries you pass through en route. 

When travelling from elsewhere in the UK or from the Republic there are no restrictions, but you should check the requirements of your ferry/airline company before travelling.

Cats and dogs arriving at the UK from the continent can enter Ireland without quarantine, provided they satisfy requirements of UK Pet Travel Scheme (PETS). This scheme has now been extended to the USA and Canada. PETS Helpline +44 (0) 28 90 524622, www.defra.gov.uk

Northern Ireland has lots of pet-friendly accommodation, walks and restaurants - read more here .

If you have any further queries feel free to contact us through our Contact Us form  (hosted on our sister site, Tourism NI), or email the Belfast Visitor Information centre at [email protected] .

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Passport Articles | General Passports

When You Don't Need a Passport To Travel

For many people when you think of travel you assume you will always need a valid UK passport, you may be shocked to hear that you don't always require a passport to travel. Thousands of holiday makers and travelers take advantage of these passport free travel routes every year making these some of the most traveled to countries from the UK. We are going to go through the circumstances that allow you to travel freely without a passport as well as what countries this applies to and how to obtain and travel on an emergency travel document.

Do I need a passport to travel within the UK?

The short answer is no. Many customers find this confusing as there is lots of different sources all saying slightly different things. You do not need a passport to travel within the UK as passports are to grant you entry to another country and as you aren't leaving the UK a passport isn't necessary. Even though you do not need a passport by law to travel between airports in the UK some airlines will still ask for a valid passport as proof of ID so it is important to check this before you book any travel plans. All travel providers will require some form of ID to travel, so although you do not require a passport by law it is handy to have for identification purposes.

Do I need ID to travel within the UK?

Although you do not need to provide a passport when travelling between airports and ports within the UK you will still need to provide your airline or travel provider with a valid form of identification. This can vary between travel providers so please contact their department, prior to booking, directly for a list of suitable documentation. Obviously, a valid UK passport is the most comprehensive identification you can have, but if you do not currently hold a valid UK passport there are plenty of other options that you can use. Please see below: • Full new style photographic driving licence • Citizen Card • Armed forces ID card • Student ID card • Photographic disabled badge • Firearms certificate If you do not hold any of the above forms of identification please contact your travel provider and they will be able to advise you and provide you and provide you with more information on any other potential forms of identification they might accept, as it will vary by travel provider.

Do I need a passport to travel Ireland?

Why don't i need a passport.

The reason you are able to travel to Ireland without a passport is because Ireland along with the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands they form what is known as the "Common Travel Area" This means that citizens of any of these countries can freely move between any other countries that form the common travel area, and as such are free of immigration controls. Although you do not require a passport to travel to these destinations they all do require some form of valid identification. This is due to air and sea travel requirements and is to ensure passenger safety and an accurate record of passengers.

What Identification Can I Use?

Obviously if you do hold a valid UK passport this is the most comprehensive identification you can have, but if not there are plenty of other options below - • Full new style photographic driving licence • Citizen Card • Armed forces ID card • Student ID card • Photographic disabled badge • Firearms certificate If you do not hold any of the above forms of identification please contact your travel provider for more information on any other potential forms of identification they might accept, as this does sometimes vary on your provider.

Children under 16 years

As it's not often possible to get identification other than a passport for children under the age of 16, many travel providers will not request ID for children but some due to certain requirements may require a valid UK Birth Certificate for the child. We recommend checking with your travel company before your trip to confirm this as it can differ depending on destination and method of travel. However, please bear in mind when booking and travelling to these areas that all information provided in this section is on the basis that you are a British Citizen travelling to or from Ireland. If you are travelling from outside the UK or are not a British Citizen different rules will apply and we urge you to speak to your travel provider regarding your requirements prior to making any bookings.

Why do I need identification to travel?

As we have previously stated you do not need a passport to travel within the UK and in the Common Travel Areas, but why is it so important to still provide a valid form of ID? In recent years the threat of terror attacks and an increase in people trafficking as well as a rise in illegal immigration the need for valid ID is higher than ever. All travel providers need to hold an accurate list of all passengers travelling in and out of their ports, airports and terminals. This is to accurately track passengers' movements, if there were an incident these travel providers would need to provide accurate information regarding all of their customers to the authorities.

Emergency travel documents

If you are abroad and you lose your passport or it is stolen or damaged you will need to apply for an emergency travel document, sometimes referred to an "emergency passport". An emergency travel document enables you to leave the country you are in and return to your final destination, either the United Kingdom or the country you are residing in, providing you are a British Citizen. If you have already booked follow travel, ie. You are stuck in Thailand but you have already booked to travel onto Malaysia and then onto Australia before returning to the UK the emergency travel document will allow you to travel via a maximum of 5 different countries. Unlike a standard adult UK passport which is valid for 10 years an emergency travel document is only valid for a specific journey at a specific time. • Having an emergency travel document does not automatically grant you entry to the country or countries you are travelling to or through, you may also need a visa. So please check with that countries Embassy or Consulate before travelling. • Where possible they will inform you of any known countries where the emergency travel document has restrictions. • You can ONLY travel to the destinations you have stated on your application. • If your plans change after you receive you emergency travel document you will have to apply and pay for a new one to be issued. • This 'emergency passport' is ONLY valid for the journey stated, if your emergency travel document is not kept by immigration at your final destination you must return it to your nearest British Embassy/High Commission/Consulate for processing and destruction.

Where can I get an emergency travel document from?

To obtain an emergency travel document whilst you are overseas you need to first find out where your nearest Embassy, High Commission or Consulate is. And the best way to do this is to visit www.gov.uk/fco and there you can find out exactly where to go depending on what country you are in. Now although most Embassy's, High Commission's and Consulates are able to provide you with an emergency passport, there are occasions where that is not possible. If the office you are directed to is unable to provide that service they help and guide you to the next nearest and available office. If you are planning to travel in the UK, the Common Travel Area or anywhere else in the world and you would like to apply for a passport or you require an urgent passport appointment please See our services for more information.

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can you visit northern ireland without a passport

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Entry requirements

This advice reflects the UK government’s understanding of current rules for people travelling on a full ‘British citizen’ passport from the UK, for the most common types of travel.

The authorities in Ireland set and enforce entry rules. If you’re not sure how these requirements apply to you, contact Ireland’s embassy in the UK.

COVID-19 rules

Countries may restrict travel or bring in rules at short notice. Check with your travel provider for changes.

If you test positive for COVID-19, you may need to stay where you are until you test negative. You may also need to seek treatment there.

You should also read TravelHealthPro’s general COVID-19 advice for travellers .

Entry to Ireland

There are no COVID-19 testing or vaccination requirements for passengers entering Ireland.

Check the latest requirements from the Irish Department of Foreign Affairs .

ID requirements

If you are a British citizen, you do not need a passport to enter Ireland. However, some carriers and airlines might require identification. Irish immigration officers check the ID of all passengers arriving by air from the UK and might ask for proof of British nationality, particularly if you were born outside the UK. You should take your British passport with you. Check the Ireland Citizens Information Board for guidance on acceptable ID.

You do not need ID to cross the border between Northern Ireland and Ireland.

Visa requirements

British citizens do not need a visa to visit Ireland. Ireland, along with the UK, is a member of the Common Travel Area ( CTA ). UK nationals do not need a visa or residency permit to live, work or study in Ireland.

Vaccination requirements (other than COVID-19)

At least 8 weeks before your trip, check the vaccinations and certificates you need in TravelHealthPro’s Ireland guide .

Customs rules

There are strict rules about goods that can be brought into and taken out of Ireland. Find out about customs rules from the Irish Revenue . You must declare anything that may be prohibited or subject to tax or duty.

Travelling with pets

Read about travelling to the EU with your pet and check the Irish entry requirements for pets .

Taking money into Ireland

If you are travelling with or sending 10,000 euros or more, check Irish Revenue guidance on travelling with cash .

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Visas and passports

Here's what you need to know about Ireland’s visa and passport requirements.

Ireland’s visa and passport requirements vary for different nationalities so check with your local embassy or consulate before you travel

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Most people need a valid passport to enter the Republic or Northern Ireland but there are some exceptions:

  • If you're a UK citizen, you can also use official photo identification.
  • If you're an EU citizen, you can use your national identity card to travel throughout the island of Ireland (including Northern Ireland), as long as you are arriving and exiting the island via an airport or ferry port in the Republic of Ireland. If you’re travelling direct to Northern Ireland from the EU or travelling on to Great Britain from Northern Ireland, you’ll need a passport. 

Air and sea carriers require some form of photo identification (usually either a passport or driving licence), so ALWAYS check what form of ID is required with your individual airline, ferry company or travel agent before travelling.

While e-passports are commonly used now, you don't need one to enter Ireland.

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Whether you need a visa to enter Ireland depends on your citizenship.

Currently, if you’re a citizen of a European Economic Area (EEA) member state (27 countries of the European Union, together with Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein) and many other countries including Great Britain, the USA, Australia, Canada and New Zealand, you don’t need a visa to visit the Republic or Northern Ireland. South African visitors can visit the Republic of Ireland without a visa, but need a UK visa in order to enter Northern Ireland. Ireland’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade has a full list of countries whose citizens do NOT need a visa to visit Ireland .

If your country is not on this list, contact your local Irish embassy/consulate before you travel to find out your visa requirements. If you’re planning on travelling to Northern Ireland, contact your local British embassy/high commission or consular office.

The UK is launching an Electronic Travel Authorisation (ETA) scheme – an ETA is a digital permission to travel to the UK, including Northern Ireland, and also to travel to Northern Ireland from the Republic of Ireland. The roll-out of the ETA scheme will not happen until the end of 2024 (with the exception of some Middle Eastern countries). For more information, please visit the UK Government website.

Short-Stay Visa Waiver Scheme

This scheme allows visitors from certain countries who have a valid UK visit visa to also visit Ireland without the need for an Irish visa. The scheme is valid until October 31st, 2026 and you can get a list of participating countries from the Irish Immigration Service.

Work and Student Visas

Wondering about a working holiday in the Republic of Ireland? You can talk to your local Irish embassy or consulate about a Working Holiday Authorisation (WHA). And if you’re interested in studying in Ireland, you can find out more from INIS. If you want to work or study in Northern Ireland, contact UK Visas and Immigrations.

Useful links

1. Department of Foreign Affairs

The Irish government website gives information on visas and passports, and contact details for embassies.

2. Citizens Information Board

Ireland's statutory body is a great source of information about what you need to travel to Ireland.

NI Direct: Visas

This is where you will find information and advice on visa requirements for Northern Ireland.

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  • Crossing the Irish border: what you need to know!

Ireland is a country divided in two: in the south and west, the nation of Ireland (often referred to as the Republic of Ireland to avoid confusion), and in the northeast the province of Northern Ireland which is part of the United Kingdom. Both have plenty to do and see , and it would be a crime to make a trip to Ireland and not cross the border. But what does that entail? Here is everything you need to know about crossing the Irish border!

Locals take for granted the free movement they have between north and south, and it’s true that you can flit across the border with barely a care in the world. But Ireland and the UK are two separate countries, and for non-locals, there are a few things you would be wise to bear in mind when crossing to Ireland or from it.

Ireland is a country divided in two: the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (part of the UK). Here is your guide to crossing the Irish border. |Crossing to Ireland | Do I need a passport to travel to Ireland | What do you need to cross the border | #irishborder #crossingtheirishborder #crossingtheborderireland

Do I need a passport to travel to Ireland/Northern Ireland? What do you need to cross the border?

There are no border formalities between the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom. This means that you can cross freely from one to the other without the need for documentation; however, you should consider what happens if you encounter problems across the border and need to prove your right to be in the country. It is therefore important to always carry a passport or national identity card with you if you are crossing from one country to the other.

If you need a visa to visit the Republic of Ireland or the United Kingdom, you need to make sure this has been secured and is in your passport prior to crossing into the new country. Again, if you don’t have a valid visa you are unlikely to be stopped, but this is not legal and it only takes an incident or accident outside your control for you to find yourself in trouble. Don’t put yourself in that position.

Ireland is a country divided in two: the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (part of the UK). Here is your guide to crossing the Irish border. |Crossing to Ireland | Do I need a passport to travel to Ireland | What do you need to cross the border | #irishborder #crossingtheirishborder #crossingtheborderireland

Can I take my rental car across the border?

In short, yes – but you will need to pay for additional insurance and breakdown cover in the other country. This is generally not expensive, but shop around and check before you book. It is very important that you do declare that you will take the car outside the country you rented it in, otherwise you will be faced with a huge bill in the event of a problem. Note that you can pick up a car in one country and return it in the other, but you will be charged a very high fee to do so, so it is always best to return the car in the country you hired it in.

An international drivers permit is not a requirement to drive in Ireland or the United Kingdom, but may be helpful if your licence is not written in English.

Ireland is a country divided in two: the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (part of the UK). Here is your guide to crossing the Irish border. |Crossing to Ireland | Do I need a passport to travel to Ireland | What do you need to cross the border | #irishborder #crossingtheirishborder #crossingtheborderireland

Do the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland use the same currency?

No, they don’t. Northern Ireland is part of the UK and uses the British Pound, and the Republic of Ireland uses the Euro. The two currencies are generally not accepted on the other side of the border, so you will need to change money or use an ATM as soon as possible to get cash in the right currency.

Do both countries drive on the same side of the road? What about traffic signage?

Both countries drive on the left, and vehicles have the steering wheel on the right. However, the Republic of Ireland measures speed and distance using the metric system (kilometres), while Northern Ireland uses miles. Make sure you don’t forget this when crossing the border, as speed limits will immediately change to the new system with little or no warning. All rental cars will display both units of measurement.

Traffic signs are slightly different on either side of the border, but other than miles/kilometres, in all other respects, the differences are easy to understand.

Ireland is a country divided in two: the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (part of the UK). Here is your guide to crossing the Irish border. |Crossing to Ireland | Do I need a passport to travel to Ireland | What do you need to cross the border | #irishborder #crossingtheirishborder #crossingtheborderireland

Is the language the same? I have heard that there is an Irish language?

The predominant language in the whole of Ireland is English. The Republic of Ireland also has Irish, a Gaelic language similar to Welsh or Scots, as an official language, and you will see it on signage. Irish is also gaining in popularity in Northern Ireland, although you will not usually see it written north of the border.

There are small areas of the Republic of Ireland designated as Ghaeltacht, or fully Irish-speaking areas. In these regions you may find the only signage is in Irish, and English is not commonly spoken. However, everyone is able speak English so just ask if you need help!

Ireland is a country divided in two: the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (part of the UK). Here is your guide to crossing the Irish border. |Crossing to Ireland | Do I need a passport to travel to Ireland | What do you need to cross the border | #irishborder #crossingtheirishborder #crossingtheborderireland

Do the two countries share a cellphone network?

No, the two countries maintain separate networks. However, in most cases, if you have a contract with a UK or ROI network you will be able to use your phone in the other country at no extra cost – confirm with your provider before travelling. For anyone else, roaming rates will generally be the same for both countries, but again, check before travelling.

Phones will automatically switch networks close to the border. Note that your phone may transfer to the other country’s network before you actually cross the line!

Ireland is a country divided in two: the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (part of the UK). Here is your guide to crossing the Irish border. |Crossing to Ireland | Do I need a passport to travel to Ireland | What do you need to cross the border | #irishborder #crossingtheirishborder #crossingtheborderireland

What will it be like actually crossing the Irish border?

Underwhelming! Driving from the Republic to Northern Ireland is no different to driving from one Irish county or US state to another. If you are lucky, there may be a sign saying “Welcome to Ireland”, or simply “Northern Ireland” as you head north. On other roads, the only indication will be a sign giving the speed in kilometres/miles, and it is easy to cross without noticing!

Ireland is a country divided in two: the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (part of the UK). Here is your guide to crossing the Irish border. |Crossing to Ireland | Do I need a passport to travel to Ireland | What do you need to cross the border | #irishborder #crossingtheirishborder #crossingtheborderireland

So why should I visit both sides of the border?

The differences between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland can be fascinating, but so can the similarities. Both parts of Ireland share stunning landscapes and friendly people, and there are some great experiences to be had wherever you go. So arm yourself with the information in this post, and go out and explore the whole of this great island!

Where is the Irish border, anyway?

Check out the Ireland Northern Ireland border crossing map below, or click  View larger map  to explore on Google Maps.

Planning a trip to the Emerald Isle? Check out these posts for some serious Irish inspiration!

  • Ulster travel: Discover the highlights of all nine counties
  • Slemish: St Patrick’s Mountain in Northern Ireland
  • County Meath: Ireland’s ancient east
  • The Mourne Mountains: Northern Ireland’s southeast
  • Portrush to Castlerock: Northern Ireland’s northwest coast
  • Discover Northern Ireland’s Causeway Coast
  • 5 Reasons you will love Northern Ireland…
  • Northern Ireland: The highlights of Derry/Londonderry

Did you find “Crossing the Irish border” useful? Pin it!

Ireland is a country divided in two: the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (part of the UK). Here is your guide to crossing the Irish border. |Crossing to Ireland | Do I need a passport to travel to Ireland | What do you need to cross the border | #irishborder #crossingtheirishborder #crossingtheborderireland

Jill Bowdery, Reading the Book Travel

I'm Jill, and I'm a British blogger who has been travelling for two decades, visiting more than 70 countries on 6 continents. I love to travel both solo and with groups, and to discover the cultures and peoples of the countries I visit. And I love to share a good story or two along the way!

Dunluce Castle - Glenarm Castle

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22 comments.

What a cool descriptive pool of useful information! Pinned it, as it will definitely be handy if I want to cross over to Ireland by land.

I love the way you answer your own questions. My biggest query would revolve around mobile network. I’m so glad that you included that in the list. Despite all the anxiety I’m sure that the trip must have definitely been worth your while. 🙂

Really interesting post – thanks for sharing. Of course, I am really wondering what will happen when (if) Brexit happens. I am British and have never been to North or Southern Ireland…and I think I better get my skates on whilst it’s still possible to seamlessly pass between the two on a British passport!

Jill Bowdery

Just an update post-Brexit: there has been no change to the border process for tourists, and there is still no physical border between North and South.

I genuinely never knew there were so many differences between northern and Southern Ireland, and I live in the UK! Thanks for sharing your know-how!

Great breakdown of the questions. I recently did a road trip in Ireland and we debated going to Belfast, but we weren’t really sure if we could in our rental car. I guess I will have to go back now that I know a lot more details, they are so different. Thanks for sharing!

Beautiful landscapes, epecially Slieve League cliffs. Wish to visit Ireland

Valerie - Trusted Travel Girl

This is such a useful post! I cross the border between Estonia and Latvia and I didn’t know what to expect. This post is going to be such an amazing resource for travelers! I love it

Thanks Valerie! There really aren’t a lot of resources out there about these borders which are easy to cross, but are still between two different countries with different laws and infrastructures. I needed this information when I went but it just didn’t exist. You should definitely write the Estonia/Latvia equivalent!

Southern Ireland is known as Eire so my mum told me who comes from there and stretches right up to the North west of the actual island.

It does! Éire is the name of the country in the Irish language. Did you know that the most northerly point on the entire island is in the “south”?!

I didn’t go to the North when I was in Ireland last because I didn’t have time but also because I was a little worried about the whole North/South thing. Which is probably stupid, since you just need to know a few key things. Long story short, Great post!

Thanks for highlighting exactly why I wanted to write it! You definitely need to get there next time…

This is such great information and perfect timing as I am heading to Ireland soon. I’ll be saving your post for reference 🙂

Glad it’s useful Michelle – have an amazing time in Ireland!

Interesting to read a post about something I take for granted! I’m a Brit who loves both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. In fact, we took our kids to NI last year and it was possibly the best holiday we’d ever had….and we do loads of travelling with our kids. Don’t miss it!

Glad you enjoyed it! I LOVE Northern Ireland – the south gets all the press, but the north is well worth visiting in its own right. It would be a shame for people to miss out!

Anthony Howard

Oh this looks so much fun – I love the idea of the self-guided tour and Ireland would definitely be top of my list!

Ireland really is a country where a car is useful to get around the countryside. It’s beautiful and laid back – definitely a good choice!

AnonymousTraveler

Thanks for this. It’s very handy. I’m visiting Ireland from the US this autumn, staying in Dublin, and I was planning on taking a tour bus up to Belfast and the Giant’s Causeway, and I was wondering if there would be any border crossing delays, customs processing, etc. Your article answered all my questions!

The Dunluce castle seems really great, I’ve added it to my itinerary after reading your article, so just wanted to say thank you for your advice.

You’re totally welcome, Marjan!

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Where can I travel without a passport?

By Abigail Malbon

Where can I travel without a passport

Travelling without a passport isn't generally the done thing, but it is possible; to some destinations, at least. 

Anyone in the UK can enter another country within the Common Travel Area, which consists of England , Wales , Scotland and Northern Ireland , plus the Crown Dependencies (Bailiwick of Jersey , Bailiwick of Guernsey and the Isle of Man) and Ireland , without the requirement to carry a passport.

Ireland

UK travellers can enter Ireland with photo ID

There are no passport checks when travelling between a land border between England, Wales and Scotland and Northern Ireland and Ireland, but when you enter via airport or port, you will go through security. In this case, if you're planning to leave your passport at home, you'll need to show another form of ID. Accepted other travel documents generally include:

  • Photographic driving license
  • International student card
  • Government issued photographic ID cards
  • Health insurance/social security photographic ID cards
  • Photographic bus/train pass
  • Place of work photographic ID
  • Birth certificates (for under 18s with no photo ID)

Digital copies of your ID will not be accepted. We also recommend checking the rules on the transport company you're travelling with, as they often provide a list of accepted forms of ID, and these can vary. 

Can I travel to the EU without a passport?

No. Since the UK left the EU on 31 January 2021, anyone travelling from England, Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland to a country in the European Union or Andorra,  Iceland , Liechtenstein,  Monaco ,  Norway , San Marino, Switzerland or Vatican City will only be able to travel with a valid passport. 

It's also important to know that the rules have become stricter post-Brexit, and all travellers from the UK must now ensure that their passport is less than 10 years old on the day of entry to an EU country, and is valid for three months after the planned end date of the trip. So for example, if you will be returning to the UK on 1 August 2022, your passport cannot expire before 1 November 2022. 

If in doubt, it's always helpful to travel with your passport and ensure that it will not be expiring soon. 

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Travel Advisory July 26, 2023

Ireland - level 1: exercise normal precautions.

Reissued with obsolete COVID-19 page links removed.

Exercise normal precautions in Ireland.

Read the country information page for additional information on travel to Ireland.

If you decide to travel to Ireland:

  • Enroll in the  Smart Traveler Enrollment Program  ( STEP ) to receive Alerts and make it easier to locate you in an emergency.
  • Follow the Department of State on  Facebook  and  Twitter .
  • Review the  Country Security Report  for Ireland.
  • Visit the CDC page for the latest Travel Health Information related to your travel.
  • Prepare a contingency plan for emergency situations. Review the Traveler’s Checklist .

Embassy Messages

View Alerts and Messages Archive

Quick Facts

Must be valid for the duration of your stay in Ireland

Must have at least one page

10,000 Euros or equivalent

Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Dublin 42 Elgin Rd Ballsbridge Dublin 4 Ireland Telephone: +(353) (1) 668-8777 Emergency after-hours telephone: +(353) (1) 668-8777 Fax: +(353) (1) 668-8056 Email: [email protected]

Destination Description

Learn about the U.S. relationship to countries around the world.

Entry, Exit and Visa Requirements

Visit the  Embassy of Ireland’s  website for the most current visa information.

  • You must have a valid passport to enter Ireland. U.S. citizens can enter visa-free for tourism or business stays of up to 90 days.
  • There is no minimum passport validity requirement for U.S. citizens entering Ireland. We recommend you have a passport that is valid for the duration of your stay, evidence of sufficient funds to support your stay in Ireland, and a return airline ticket.
  • An increased number of U.S. citizens have been refused entry to Ireland or granted a limited stay because they failed to sufficiently demonstrate their travel intent to Irish immigration officials at the port of entry. You may be asked to provide evidence of sufficient funds to support your stay in Ireland regardless of your purpose of travel. For any travel other than tourism, please ensure you obtain the appropriate documentation prior to travel. You can find more information at the  Irish Naturalization and Immigration Service website  or by contacting your nearest  Irish Embassy or Consulate in the United States .

We cannot intervene on your behalf when applying for a visa or residency permit, nor can we assist if you are denied entry into Ireland.

The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to Ireland or for foreign residents of Ireland.

Find information on  dual nationality ,  prevention of international child abduction , and customs regulations  on our websites.

Safety and Security

Terrorism: Terrorist groups and those inspired by such organizations are intent on attacking U.S. citizens abroad. Terrorists are increasingly using less sophisticated methods of attack – including knives, firearms, and vehicles – to more effectively target crowds. Frequently, their aim is unprotected or vulnerable targets, such as:

  • High-profile public events (sporting contests, political rallies, demonstrations, holiday events, celebratory gatherings, etc.)
  • Hotels, clubs, and restaurants frequented by tourists
  • Places of worship
  • Shopping malls and markets
  • Public transportation systems (including subways, buses, trains, and scheduled commercial flights)

Crime: Although Ireland has a low rate of violent crime, you should always follow common sense personal security practices and maintain awareness of your surroundings when traveling.

  • Rates of theft and petty crime have risen in recent years, and thieves often target tourists. In rare cases, these crimes involve physical assault or violence, more commonly in Dublin city center and in popular tourist areas.
  • Rental cars are frequently targeted. They are easily identifiable by the rental company stickers on the rear window of the vehicle. If possible, remove these stickers and always lock your car when leaving it unattended. Do not leave valuables unattended in vehicles. When visiting city center areas, park your car in a secure car park and retain the parking ticket on your person.
  • Keep car doors locked while driving. Don’t leave luggage or valuables visible inside a parked car and don’t leave luggage on a roof rack. When picking up and dropping off your rental car, do not leave the keys in the ignition while loading or unloading luggage.
  • When using ATMs, protect your PIN at all times and look closely at ATMs for evidence of tampering before use. Criminals may use small electronic devices attached to the outside of ATMs called “skimmers” to steal the ATM or credit card data.
  • In busy areas, thieves use distraction techniques at ATMs, such as waiting until the PIN has been entered and then pointing to money on the ground or asking for loose change. While the ATM user is distracted, another person will quickly withdraw cash and leave. If you are distracted in any way, cancel the transaction immediately.
  • When using credit cards to pay at restaurants, a portable card reader should be brought to your table. Restaurant staff should not take your card elsewhere to process a charge.

International Financial Scams: See the  Department of State  and FBI  pages for information on scams.

Victims of Crime:

  • Report crimes to the local police at 999 or 112 and contact the U.S. Embassy at +(353) (1) 668-8777.
  • U.S. citizen victims of sexual assault are encouraged to contact the U.S. Embassy for assistance.
  • Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting crimes.

See our webpage on  help for U.S. victims of crime overseas .

  • Help you find appropriate medical care
  • Assist you in reporting a crime to the police
  • Contact relatives or friends with your written consent
  • Provide general information regarding the victim’s role during the local investigation and following its conclusion
  • Provide a list of  local attorneys
  • Provide our information on  victim’s compensation programs in the United States
  • The  Irish Tourist Assistance Service (ITAS)  is a free nationwide service offering support and assistance to tourists who are victimized while visiting Ireland. If you are a tourist victim of crime, report the incident to the nearest Garda (Irish police) station, and they will help you contact ITAS.
  • Provide an emergency loan for repatriation to the United States and/or limited medical support in cases of destitution
  • Help you find accommodation and arrange flights home
  • Replace a stolen or lost passport

Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the Embassy for assistance.

Tourism:  The tourism industry is generally regulated and rules are regularly enforced. Hazardous areas/activities are identified with appropriate signage and professional staff is typically on hand in support of organized activities. In the event of an injury, appropriate medical treatment is widely available throughout the country. Outside of a major metropolitan center, it may take more time for first responders and medical professionals to stabilize a patient and provide life-saving assistance. U.S. citizens are encouraged to purchase medical evacuation insurance. See our webpage for more information on  insurance providers for overseas coverage.

Local Laws & Special Circumstances

Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Individuals practicing a profession that requires additional permits or licensing should seek information from the competent local authorities prior to practicing.

Furthermore, some laws are also prosecutable in the United States, regardless of local law. For examples, see our webpage on  crimes against minors abroad  and the  Department of Justice  website.

Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. See our  webpage  for further information.

Special Circumstances: Most Irish banks will not accept U.S. $100 bills. Many Irish financial institutions no longer accept or cash traveler’s checks. ATMs are widely available, but some, particularly in rural areas, may not accept debit cards from U.S. banks.

Faith-Based Travelers: See the following webpages for details:

  • Faith-Based Travel Information
  • International Religious Freedom Report – see country reports
  • Human Rights Report – see country reports
  • Hajj Fact Sheet for Travelers
  • Best Practices for Volunteering Abroad

LGBTI Travelers: There are no legal restrictions on same-sex sexual relations or the organization of LGBTI events in Ireland.

See our  LGBTI Travel Information  page and section 6 of our  Human Rights report  for further details.

Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance: Individuals with disabilities may find accessibility and accommodation very different from what is offered in the United States.

  • Government Buildings: Irish law requires access to government buildings for persons with disabilities, and this requirement is enforced. Under Irish law, public service providers should ensure the service is accessible to those with mobility, sensory, and/or cognitive impairments.
  • Parking:  On-street parking, public building parking lots, and internal parking lots always have a certain number of disabled spaces available. A permit is required to use these spaces, and information on applying for the permit can be found on the Disabled Drivers Association of Ireland website . Local authorities and commercial premises, such as shopping outlets, have no legal obligation to provide external disabled parking facilities for their customers.
  • Buses and Trains: The majority of buses and trains in the main city areas of Ireland are now equipped for those with limited mobility, sight, or hearing disabilities, although some train stations and pathways may not be as easily accessible.
  • Mainline and Suburban Trains: Special portable ramps permit boarding from platforms to the carriages. These ramps are available at all terminal points and major junctions and stations that have staff on duty. They are also available on some trains. Travelers are advised to contact  Irish Rail  in advance to ensure such facilities are available. The website for  Dublin Bus  provides information on its travel assistance scheme. Regional and intercity bus services are provided by  Bus Eireann .
  • Private Businesses: Accessibility in private businesses – such as hotels, bed and breakfasts, shops, and restaurants – varies widely. Travelers should inquire about accessibility issues with businesses before making reservations.
  • Disability Allowance: People who live in Ireland and meet the medical conditions for a disability allowance may apply for free travel passes; there is also a blind/invalidity pension from the Irish Department of Social Protection for those who qualify.

Students: See our  Students Abroad  page and  FBI travel tips .

Women Travelers: See our travel tips for  Women Travelers .

Patients who do not receive benefits from Ireland’s Department of Social Protection are expected to pay all costs up-front at the time of treatment and apply for reimbursement from their insurance provider later.

  • Modern medical facilities and highly skilled medical practitioners are available in Ireland.
  • Expect long waits for access to medical specialists and admissions to hospitals for non-life-threatening medical conditions. It is not unusual for emergency room services to be very busy or for post-treatment admissions to include a long wait (sometimes overnight) on a gurney in a hallway.
  • We advise you carry your medical history, along with a detailed list of any medication you currently take (including dosage and brand name) in your wallet or purse and luggage.
  • Most types of over-the-counter medications are available but many U.S. brands are not. Some medications available over the counter in the United States may require a prescription in Ireland.
  • Irish pharmacists may not be able to dispense medication prescribed by U.S. physicians and may direct you to obtain a prescription from an Irish doctor.
  • A list of Irish general practitioners in each area of Ireland may be obtained from the website of the  Irish College of General Practitioners .
  • Ambulance services are widely available.

For emergency services in Ireland, dial 112 or 999.

We do not pay medical bills. Be aware that U.S. Medicare/Medicaid does not apply overseas. Most hospitals and doctors overseas do not accept U.S. health insurance.

Medical Insurance: Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas. Most care providers overseas only accept cash payments. See our webpage for more  information on insurance providers for overseas coverage . Visit the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website for more information on the type of insurance you should consider before you travel overseas.

We strongly recommend supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation.

Always carry your prescription medication in original packaging, along with your doctor’s prescription. Check with the Government of Ireland to ensure the medication is legal in Ireland.

Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all  vaccinations  recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Further health information:

  • World Health Organization
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention  (CDC)

Air Quality: Visit AirNow Department of State for information on air quality at U.S. Embassies and Consulates.

The U.S. Embassy maintains a list of doctors and hospitals. We do not endorse or recommend any specific medical provider or clinic.

Travel and Transportation

Road Conditions and Safety:

  • Cars drive on the left side of the road in Ireland . If you do not have experience driving on the left, you should be especially cautious as tourists driving on the incorrect side of the road are the cause of several serious accidents each year.
  • Road conditions are generally good, but once you exit the main highways,  roads are likely to be narrow, uneven, and winding . Roads are more dangerous during the summer and on holiday weekends. Drivers should be attentive to cyclists and pedestrians, particularly in urban areas.
  • Most intersections in Ireland use circular “roundabouts” instead of traffic lights, and it is important that drivers pay close attention to signs and yield the right of way to those already in the roundabout.
  • Most rental cars in Ireland have manual transmissions ; it can be difficult to find automatic transmission rental cars.

Traffic Laws: Police periodically set up road blocks to check for drunk drivers . Penalties for driving under the influence can be severe.

  • At stoplights,  turning on a red light is illegal ; you must wait for either a full green (any direction turn permitted) or directional green light (which could be straight, left, or right) before proceeding with caution.
  • You may use your existing U.S. driver’s license in Ireland for a temporary stay ; this can be for any period of time up to one year. Some insurance and car rental companies may request an International Driving Permit in addition to your existing driver’s license. To apply for an International Driving Permit, please contact the  American Automobile Association . You are required to apply for an Irish driver’s license if you become a resident of Ireland.
  • Travelers planning to drive to Northern Ireland are subject to UK traffic laws while in Northern Ireland . Traffic signs may be different than in the Republic of Ireland. Consult the United Kingdom Country Information page for more information on traffic laws in Northern Ireland.

Public Transportation: Taxi rates vary with time of day and location. Ask your hotel for the number of a call-dispatched taxi service if you plan to be out during less busy times.

  • Intercity bus and train services are generally good.
  • Local bus service in the cities is generally adequate, although many buses are crowded, frequently run late, and lines do not necessarily link easily. Pay close attention to bus stop locations in both directions, as the drop-off and pick-up locations could be several blocks away from each other.

See our  Road Safety page  for more information. Visit the website of the  Irish Tourism Board  and the website for the  National Roads Authority of Ireland , which is responsible for road safety.

Aviation Safety Oversight: The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has assessed the government of Ireland’s Civil Aviation Authority as being in compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards for oversight of Ireland’s air carrier operations. Further information may be found on the  FAA’s safety assessment page .

Maritime Travel: Mariners planning travel to Ireland should also check for U.S. maritime advisories and alerts . Information may also be posted to the U.S. Coast Guard homeport website , and the NGA broadcast warnings website .

For additional travel information

  • Enroll in the  Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP)  to receive security messages and make it easier to locate you in an emergency.
  • Call us in Washington, D.C. at 1-888-407-4747 (toll-free in the United States and Canada) or 1-202-501-4444 (from all other countries) from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m., Eastern Standard Time, Monday through Friday (except U.S. federal holidays).
  • See the  State Department’s travel website  for the  Worldwide Caution  and  Travel Advisories .
  • Follow us on  Twitter  and  Facebook .
  • See  traveling safely abroad  for useful travel tips.

Review information about International Parental Child Abduction in Ireland . For additional IPCA-related information, please see the International Child Abduction Prevention and Return Act ( ICAPRA ) report. 

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Ireland Wide

Do US Citizens Need a Visa for Ireland?

Ireland is a popular tourist destination, especially for Americans, many of whom have Irish heritage or relatives living on the Emerald Isle.

In 2019, Ireland welcomed around 1.7 million American tourists – a figure that’s liable to increase now that global COVID-19 restrictions have been relaxed.

Arriving in Ireland feels like coming home for US citizens keen to trace their hereditary roots and connect with distant family members.

Even those with little to no connection to the country are keen to experience the culture and explore the country’s famously rugged landscapes. 

Ireland welcomes visitors from the US as readily as it does from Europe, and you can stay for up to 90 days without any visa or permit requirements.

You should be aware of a few entry procedures, but nothing that will complicate your trip unduly.

Visa Requirements for US Citizens Visiting Ireland

Transit through other countries, extended stays and visa applications, border control and entry procedures, other considerations, common questions.

US citizens can enter Ireland and Northern Ireland and stay in either country for up to 90 days without a visa, as long as they travel for leisure purposes. You cannot study or work while in Ireland without a visa.

24 Things to do in Dublin at Night to Have a Good Time

If you’re on a business trip that involves attending meetings or negotiating contracts, you’ll have to apply for a business visa, even if you’ll be in the country for less than 90 days.

Ireland welcomes US visitors with open arms, not even requiring a minimum passport validity period. As long as your passport s valid for the duration of your stay, and you have at least one blank page available, you’re free to enter the country and explore at will. 

Even the vaccinations that were mandatory during the COVID pandemic have now been dropped, so you won’t require any vaccines or proof of vaccines when you enter the country.

The only restrictions on US citizens entering and leaving Ireland are that you may only carry a maximum of €10,000 in cash or the equivalent in another currency. 

Entering Ireland without a visa allows you to travel freely, but if you want to do business, you’ll need a short-stay or ‘C’ visa. Applying for a ‘C’ is a relatively simple process that you can do online .  

A short-stay visa currently costs €60 for a single entry and €100 for a multiple-entry visa, and the application process takes around eight weeks. 

You will need to apply for a short-stay visa at least three months before you intend to travel and while you’re still in the US. 

A short-stay business visa only covers you for a single 14-day period. If you’re planning on working for longer than that, you’ll need to apply for an extended stay visa, which we’ll discuss a little later on. 

Many flights from the US fly direct to Dublin or one of Ireland’s other major cities, but if you need to transit via another country, it could make life a little more complicated. 

Transit through other countries

Most US citizens can travel through the UK without a visa, providing they meet the Standard Visitor eligibility requirements. If you’ve previously been refused entry to the UK or have a criminal record, you’ll need to apply for either a transit or standard visitor visa, depending on the duration of your stay in the UK. 

Direct airside transit visas are for those passing through the UK but not going through border control. For those spending up to 48 hours in the UK, a Visitor in Transit visa is required. 

If you’re traveling via Europe, you’ll need a Schengen visa, even if you’re only transiting. 

If you want to stay in Ireland for longer than 90 days, you’ll need to apply for a visa before entering the country. While you can extend your stay once in the country, an extension will only be approved if your circumstances have changed since your arrival. 

Extended Stays and Visa Applications

For instance,  if you’ve met the man of your dreams and want to marry in Ireland, you’ll still have to leave on the date stamped on your passport when you arrived in the country, and then apply for a long-stay visa once you return home. 

If you want to stay longer than 90 days, you need to apply for a ‘D’ type visa before you leave the US. The type of long-stay visa you should apply for depends on your reasons for wanting to stay in the country.

There are nine different types of long-stay visas:

  • Family reunification visa
  • Working holiday visa 
  • Internship visa
  • Researcher visa
  • Minister of Religion visa
  • Volunteer visa
  • Retirement visa

Whichever visa you apply for, you’ll need to provide supporting documents and, in most instances, proof of sufficient funds. 

For instance, to apply for a study visa, you “ need to have immediate access to at least €7,000 ” and proof that your sponsors can access at least €7,000 for each subsequent year of study.

Similarly, to secure a retirement visa, you must be able to prove that you have an annual income of €50,000 per year and access to a lump sum to cover any unexpected expenses.

Additional documentation is required for each type of long-term visa, details of which are available here .

On arrival in Ireland, you no longer need to present any documents apart from your boarding pass and passport. All the restrictions associated with the COVID pandemic have been dropped, simplifying the entry procedures considerably. 

Border Control and Entry ProceduresConsiderations

You may also need documentation to prove the purpose of your visit, and could be refused entry if you can’t provide evidnce of your travel intent. 

If you’re visiting friends or family, it’s good to have a written invitation on hand, along with their address. If you’re traveling, a copy of your itinerary and details of your accommodation may be required.

You should also carry proof of your health insurance, which should be valid for the entire duration of your stay, and proof of your return flight.

If you’re entering Ireland on a visa, you should take all the documentation you submitted for your visa application. The visa itself doesn’t guarantee you entry, and you will not be allowed into Ireland unless you can meet the requirements at immigration. 

Although travel insurance isn’t mandatory for US citizens traveling to Ireland, it is highly recommended. As a visitor, you’re not entitled to any free or subsidized health services in Ireland, and your US health insurance plan may not cover you either. 

Other Considerations

Those entering Ireland on long-term visas may be required to provide evidence of full private medical insurance.

On the upside, there are no longer any restrictions regarding COVID vaccines, and no proof of vaccine is required to enter Ireland. 

However, the CDC recommends all US citizens ensure the following vaccinations are up-to-date before departing for any overseas destination:

  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Rabies 

#1 Do US citizens need a visa to visit Ireland?

US citizens can enter Ireland without a visa and stay for up to 90 days, provided they don’t intend on studying or working during their say.

#2 What are the requirements for US citizens to enter Ireland without a visa?

All you need to enter Ireland is a valid passport that won’t expire while you’re on vacation.

#3 Can US citizens transit through other countries on the way to Ireland?

Some countries require US citizens to apply for visas even if they’re only passing through. You’ll need a transit visa if you fly anywhere in Europe or the UK on your way to Ireland. 

#4 What are the requirements for US citizens who want to stay in Ireland for longer periods?

If you want to stay in Ireland for longer than 90 days, you’ll need to apply for a long-stay or ‘D’ type visa.

#5 What documentation is needed for the visa application process?

You need a copy of a valid passport for any short or long-stay visa application. You will also need evidence of sufficient finances and be able to prove your travel intent. 

#6 How long does the visa application process take?

Applications for a short-stay visas take eight weeks to process. Long-stay visa applications may take longer, especially if you fail to submit the necessary documentation. 

#7 What is the cost of a visa for US citizens visiting Ireland?

A single-entry short-stay visa costs  €60, and a multiple-entry one €100.

#8 How does the COVID-19 pandemic affect entry requirements for US citizens traveling to Ireland?

As of March 2022, Ireland has dropped all COVID-19-related requirements for travelers.

#9 What are the customs and immigration procedures for entering Ireland as a US citizen?

On arrival in Ireland, you will need to show your passport and boarding pass. You may also be asked for proof of your return flight and, if you’re traveling for pleasure, a copy of your travel itinerary. 

#10 Can US citizens work or study in Ireland without a visa?

US citizens require a visa if they want to study or work in Ireland.

#11 Can US citizens extend their stay in Ireland beyond the visa-free period?

The only time you can extend your visa-free period is if your circumstances have changed since you arrived in the country, for instance, if you’re declared medically unfit to travel. 

#12 Are there any resources available for US citizens who need visa assistance or information?

The following sites give detailed information about visa requirements and applications.

  • Citizens Information  
  • Irish immigration

Millions of US citizens travel to Ireland each year, partly because it’s beautiful and partly because it’s so easy. There are no complex travel restrictions or lengthy visa applications to navigate – all you need is a valid passport and a plan!

Ireland Visa

Despite that, some Americans do get turned away because they can’t provide sufficient evidence of their travel intent. To be on the safe side, always travel with a copy of your travel insurance policy, proof of accommodation bookings, and a copy of your itinerary. 

If you want to work, study, or spend longer than 90 days in Ireland, you’ll need to apply for a visa. These applications can generally be done online but should be completed before you start booking tickets and finalizing plans. 

Now that you know whether or not you need a visa for your planned trip to Ireland, you can either get started on your application or dust off the suitcase and start packing!

Nicky Hoseck

Nicky Hoseck

"Like many so-called Brits, I have a bit of Irish and a bit of Scottish in my blood, which is possibly where the red hair comes from. I’ve been fascinated by the history of Ireland for years, since I discovered the story of the Irish Pirate Queen, Grace O’Malley.

  • Nicky Hoseck https://www.irelandwide.com/author/nicky-hoseck/ 10 Magical Airbnb Castles in Ireland For Magical Nights
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Can I fly to Ireland without a passport?

travel-faq

Yes, you can fly to Ireland without a passport as long as you are an Irish or British citizen. According to the Common Travel Area (CTA) agreement, which has been in place since the 1920s, Irish and British citizens are allowed to travel freely between the two countries without the need for a passport. However, it is recommended to carry some form of official identification, such as a driver’s license or a government-issued photo ID, to prove your identity and nationality.

1. Can I travel to Ireland without a passport if I am not a British or Irish citizen?

2. are there any alternatives to a passport for traveling to ireland, 3. what if i lose my passport while in ireland, 4. can i use my passport card for travel to ireland, 5. is a visa required for travel to ireland without a passport, 6. can i travel to northern ireland without a passport, 7. can i use my passport for travel to ireland if it expires soon, 8. what if i am traveling to ireland for a short visit, 9. are there any restrictions on travel to ireland without a passport, 10. can i use a passport expediting service for urgent travel to ireland, 11. what if i am a dual citizen traveling to ireland, 12. can i travel to ireland without a passport if i am a permanent resident of another country, faqs about traveling to ireland without a passport.

For non-British or Irish citizens, it is not advisable to travel to Ireland without a passport. Most countries and airlines require a valid passport as proof of identity and nationality for international travel. It is best to check with the Irish immigration authorities or the embassy or consulate of Ireland in your country for specific entry requirements and travel documents.

If you are not a British or Irish citizen and do not have a valid passport, you may be able to use a national identity card issued by your country of citizenship for travel to Ireland. However, it is important to verify whether your national ID card is accepted for entry into Ireland before making any travel arrangements. Additionally, some airlines may have their own policies regarding acceptable forms of identification for travel.

If you lose your passport while in Ireland, it is important to contact your country’s embassy or consulate in Ireland as soon as possible to report the loss and apply for a replacement passport. You may also need to file a police report and obtain a temporary travel document to facilitate your return to your home country. It is recommended to keep a photocopy or digital scan of your passport in a separate location when traveling abroad to expedite the replacement process in case of loss or theft.

Some countries issue passport cards as an alternative to traditional passports for travel to designated countries within their region. If your country offers a passport card and it is valid for entry into Ireland, you may be able to use it for travel to and from Ireland. However, it is essential to verify whether the Irish immigration authorities recognize passport cards from your country for entry into Ireland before planning your trip. Additionally, check with your airline for their policy on acceptable forms of identification for international travel.

If you are a British or Irish citizen traveling between the two countries, you do not need a visa for entry into Ireland. However, if you are a non-British or non-Irish citizen, you may need a visa to enter Ireland, depending on your country of citizenship and the purpose of your visit. It is important to check the visa requirements for Ireland and apply for the appropriate visa before making travel arrangements.

Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom, meaning that the Common Travel Area (CTA) agreement allows Irish and British citizens to travel freely between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland without the need for a passport. However, for non-British or non-Irish citizens, it is advisable to carry a valid passport and check the entry requirements for Northern Ireland before traveling.

Most countries require that your passport be valid for at least six months beyond your planned date of departure. If your passport is set to expire soon, it is recommended to renew it before traveling to Ireland to avoid any potential issues with entry or re-entry. Additionally, some countries have specific requirements for the number of blank pages in a passport for entry, so it is essential to check the entry requirements for Ireland and ensure that your passport meets those criteria.

If you are planning a short visit to Ireland, such as for tourism or a business trip, it is essential to ensure that you have the necessary travel documents, including a valid passport and any required visas or permits. While the Common Travel Area (CTA) agreement allows Irish and British citizens to travel between the two countries without a passport, it is still recommended to carry some form of official identification for verification purposes.

In addition to the Common Travel Area (CTA) agreement, which allows Irish and British citizens to travel freely between the two countries without a passport, there may be specific restrictions or requirements for entry into Ireland based on your country of citizenship, the purpose of your visit, and the duration of your stay. It is important to check the entry requirements for Ireland and ensure that you meet all necessary criteria for entry before making travel arrangements.

If you need to travel to Ireland on short notice and require a passport or visa, you may consider using a passport expediting service to expedite the application process and obtain the necessary travel documents in time for your trip. These services can help facilitate the processing of passport applications, visa applications, and other travel documents for urgent or last-minute travel.

If you are a dual citizen with citizenship in both Ireland and another country, you may have the option to use either passport for travel to and from Ireland. However, it is important to verify the entry requirements for Ireland based on your specific citizenship and travel circumstances to ensure that you have the necessary travel documents for your trip.

If you are a permanent resident of another country and not a citizen of Ireland or the United Kingdom, you will likely need a valid passport and any required visas or permits for travel to Ireland. While the Common Travel Area (CTA) agreement allows Irish and British citizens to travel between the two countries without a passport, it may not apply to permanent residents of other countries. It is important to check the specific entry requirements for Ireland based on your citizenship and residency status before making travel arrangements.

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can you visit northern ireland without a passport

FAQs - Frequently asked questions

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Find detailed guidance on common passport queries:

  • Documents required
  • Photo guidelines
  • Passport fees
  • Getting applications witnessed
  • Name changes
  • Business passport
  • Lost or stolen passports
  • Urgent appointments
  • Passport processing/turnaround times
  • Tracking your passport

Passport online

Submitting an application, issue dates and tracking your application, where can i find my passport number, can you discuss an application my child submitted, checking friend’s/family member’s application for me, can i call into the office to discuss an issue, can i apply for an emergency passport, what should i do with a deceased family member's passport, do i need a passport to travel between ireland and great britain, what do i do if i can't find my original documents, when should i apply for a new passport, i’m on holiday in ireland but live abroad, can i apply for an irish passport.

Consult the guidance linked above for detailed information on important aspects of the application process.

We answer some of the additional most commonly asked questions about passports below. 

Please select a topic that matches your query.

Passport online questions

Can i apply using my mygovid account.

MyGovID is an online identity service that enables customers to access Government provided online services in a safe and secure manner. Customers with verified MyGovID accounts may now make an adult first time or renewal application by using this service.

Details on how to obtain a verified MyGovID account can be found on their site .

The use of a verified MyGovID account when making an online application is entirely optional. If you have a verified MyGovID account, a non-verified MyGovID account or do not have a MyGovID account, you may continue to apply through Passport Online.

If you decide to use a verified MyGovID account when making an adult first time or renewal application via Passport Online, certain editable and non-editable personal details are prepopulated by MyGovID during the application journey. Please ensure your editable personal details are correct.

These personal details include:

  • Date of Birth
  • Birth Surname of Mother

Please note that this service is only currently available for customers aged 18+ with a verified MyGovID account. If you hold a verified MyGovID account and are under the age of 18, your application will be redirected to the normal Passport Online service.  

Am I eligible to apply online?

Passport Online is the fastest way for Irish citizens to apply for their passport.

Apply for your or your child's passport or passport card, from anywhere in the world, on a smartphone, tablet or personal computer.

This secure and convenient service is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year, Applications will be processed within the current processing times. If you need to submit documents, the processing time will only start when we receive them.

Q. My passport was issued more than 15 years ago. Am I eligible for the Online Passport Service?

Yes, you can apply online. 

You are considered a first-time applicant if your most recent passport was issued more than 15 years ago. During your online application, please select no when asked if your most recent passport was issued less than 15 years ago.

Q. My passport was issued in 2005 or prior to 2005, starts with S and has 6 digits. Can I use the Online Passport Service?

Yes, you can apply online.

You are considered a first-time applicant if your most recent passport was not a biometric passport. Biometric passport book numbers have 2 letters followed by 7 numbers and the first letter must be ‘P’ or ‘L’ (for example, ‘PT’ or ‘LB’).

If your most recent passport starts with an S and has 6 digits, please apply as a first-time applicant. During your online application, please select no when asked if your most recent passport was issued less than 15 years ago.

You will be required to submit documents to the Passport Service to support your application. You will be advised what documents to provide at the end of the process.

What do I need to apply online?

You will need:

  • Your current passport,
  • A digital photograph,
  • An email address
  • Credit/debit card.

You will need access to a printer for:

  • First time applicants
  • Application for a child
  • If your passport was issued more than 15 years ago
  • If your current passport is lost or stolen

The online application will tell you of any other documents you may need to submit. More information on extra documents can be found here.

Online application form

Q. how long will it take to complete the online application form.

The online application will take about 10 minutes. Make sure you have your digital photo or photo code ready to upload.

Q. Do I need to get my identity verified by a member of An Garda Síochána or an appropriate witness?

If you are an adult renewing your passport you do not need to have a member of An Garda Siochána verify your identity.

First time applications require that your identity is verified by a member of An Garda Síochána in Ireland or an appropriate witness outside of the State.

The identity verification form will tell you what witness is required.

Q. How do I pay?

You must pay by debit or credit card. Pre-paid credit cards are also accepted. Currently, Visa, MasterCard, Diners Club International and American Express cards are accepted.

Q. Where can I get a receipt?

Your receipt will be provided on your application confirmation page which you can print out for your records. You will also receive an email which confirms that your application has been submitted.

Q. What happens if there is an issue following the submission of my online application?

We will email you with any issues. Please check your spam or junk folders for emails.

If we cannot process your online application, we will cancel it. We will refund you any money paid. This refund will be via the original payment method.

Q. After I submit my application online, how long will it take to receive my new passport?

Information on the current processing times for passport applications is available here .

Processing times do not include postage delivery time.

Some applicants have to submit extra documents . If you do, the processing time begins when we receive these documents. It's important to submit all documents as soon as possible so we can issue your passport.

Q. I received a clarification email and sent my reply. How much longer will it take to process my application?

If the issue has been resolved it will take approx. 5-10 working days to reprocess.

Q. Does ‘Passport Online’ conform to web accessibility standards?

‘Passport Online’ aims to comply with Level Double-A of the W3C Web Content Accessibility Guidelines.

Can I get an emergency passport using Passport Online?

You cannot get an emergency/temporary passport using Passport Online.

If you need to travel urgently, please let us know through our  Customer Service Hub .

If you live overseas, please  contact your local Embassy of Ireland

Passport Online is the quickest way to renew your passport. Please see our current turnaround times .

Printing and documents

Q. do i need to provide documents in support of my application.

For most adult passport renewal applications, no documentation is required. First time applicants will need to print an extra Application Cover Page. Some adult applications (such as lost passports) will need extra documents.

For child applications you will need to print the Child Passport Identity and Consent Form. This form will need to be witnessed and submitted to the Passport Service. Find more information here.

You will be informed early in the process if your application requires supporting documents. More information is available here.

Q. Do I need to return my current passport to the Passport Service?

If your current passport book is valid for more than 12 months, you must submit it. If your child's passport book is valid for more than 6 months, you must submit it.

We will tell you what to do during the online application process.

Q. Where do I post my documents to?

When you finish your online application, you will print an Application Cover Page. This will tell you where to send your documents.

We recommend that you use a secure method of postage to ensure that the Passport Service receives your documents.

If you live in Ireland, a postage label will be generated. You should print this label and affix it to the envelope with your documents. The envelope must be posted to the Passport Service.

Note: Each envelope must contain documents for one application only.

If you are living in Northern Ireland, the UK or elsewhere, please use a secure method of postage.

In some countries, the local postal services are not reliable. In this case, you will submit your documents to your nearest Irish Embassy. They will securely deliver them to the Passport Service. The online application system will tell you if you need to do this.

Q. Will my application be processed without documents (if required as part of the application process)?

No. The Passport Service will ask for documents. We can only process the application when you submit these documents. The processing time does not include the time it takes you to submit your documents.

You should factor in postage times into the overall turnaround time for the processing of your application.

Processing times also exclude the time it takes for your passport to be delivered to you when it is printed.

Q. I have received my passport book but have not received my original documents back?

Where you have provided original documents in support of your application they will be returned to you separately from your new passport book.

Q. I have received my new passport. Do I have to return my old passport now?

No, once you have received your new passport, there is no need for you to return your old passport.

Delivery of passports

Q. how will i receive my new passport.

If you reside in Ireland your passport will be delivered by Express post and no signature is required.

If you reside outside of Ireland, your passport will be sent by registered post and will need to be signed for on delivery. You should provide a daytime delivery address if you are not normally at home during the day. 

Where there is no reliable postal service available, we will deliver your passport through our network of Embassies and Consulates. If you have pre-paid for delivery (€15), there will be no further charge.

If you need an update, please contact our  Customer Service Hub .

Q. Can I get my passport posted internationally? How much will it cost?

Yes, your passport can be posted worldwide. There is be an additional postal fee of €15 for all applications.  Where your application is returned to your local Embassy, the Embassy will advise on local postage charges.

Q. Can I get my passport posted in Ireland? How much will it cost?

Postage is free for adult applicants. It costs €5 for children’s applications because of the additional postage costs to submit documentation like the guardian’s consent.   

Q. If I apply for a Passport Book and Passport Card, will they be delivered together?

No, they will be delivered separately. Your passport book will be delivered first followed by your Passport Card approximately one week later.

Q. Can my passport be sent to my work address?

Yes, your passport will be sent to the address you inputted in the online application form.

Q. Why is my passport book being sent to my nearest Irish Embassy?

Due to unreliable postal services in some countries, passport books may be sent to your nearest Irish Embassy.  They will contact you directly to arrange collection or delivery.

Q. How will my documents be returned to me?

Original documents will be returned to you following the processing of your application. Photocopies of documents will not be returned.

Your Passport Book, Passport Card (if you applied for a card) and your documentation will all be returned separately. 

If you live in Ireland, Northern Ireland or Great Britain, your original documents will be delivered by Express Post. You do not need to sign for your passport at delivery.

For the rest of the world your documents and passport will be sent by registered post and you will need to sign for them at delivery. You can enter a separate daytime delivery address.

Where there is no reliable postal service available, we will deliver your passport and documentation via our network of Embassies and Consulates. If you have pre-paid for delivery (€15), there will be no further charge.

Q. I have received my original documents back but have not received my new passport book?

Where there is no reliable postal service available, we will deliver your passport and documentation through our network of Embassies and Consulates. If you have pre-paid for delivery (€15), there will be no further charge.

Q. I have received my new passport but have not received my original documents back?

Where you have provided original documents in support of your application they will be returned to you separate from your new passport.

Where there is no reliable postal service available, we will deliver your passport and documents through our network of Embassies and Consulates. If you have pre-paid for delivery (€15), there will be no further charge.

How long will it take to receive my new passport?

Please see information about the  current turnaround times  for passport applications.

If additional documents are required to support your application, the processing of the application will not begin until those documents are received.

Can I track the progress of my application?

Yes, you can track the progress of your application by clicking  here .

My personal circumstances have changed, I wish to change my name on my passport

Q. my personal circumstances have changed and i wish to change my name on my passport. can i change my name on my passport using passport online.

Yes.  You can change your name through the Online Passport Service.

You will need to post your current passport and additional supporting documents to the Passport Service.

The full fee for your new passport will apply.

For further information on name changes and supporting documents required, please see  here .

Q. I have obtained a gender recognition certificate. Can I apply using Passport Online?

Yes. For further information on supporting documents required, please see  here .

I want an observation recorded on my passport

Q. i want an observation recorded on my passport, can i do this using passport online.

Yes. You can record observations on your new passport using the online service.

You can have your previous passport number or your birth certificate name entered as an observation.

You may need to post additional documents to the Passport Service to support your application.

For further information on observations please see  here .

Do I need a Public Services Card (PSC) to use Passport Online?

Upholding the integrity of the Irish Passport is a key commitment of the Passport Service. The PSC is the most efficient way for an applicant to verify their identify. This ensures that their application can be processed quickly.

We need further verification of identity from:

  • adults making first time applications
  • adults where their last passport has been lost or stolen
  • adults where their last passport has been expired for more than 5 years

If you need to verify your identity and do not submit a Public Services Card, we will contact you to provide more documentation.

You will need to submit an original government issues photographic identification. This could be a valid driver's licence or a valid passport from another country. You can also attend for an interview in person at the Passport Office in Cork or Dublin. You will need to make an appointment to attend for interview. Please allow for 10 working days to arrange an appointment.

I’m having technical difficulties with my online application

If you encounter any technical difficulties while making your online application, please let us know through our Customer Service Hub .

What is the best way to apply for a passport?

Consult our how to apply for a passport guide to determine the most appropriate application method for you.

Passport Online is a fast, secure and convenient way to apply for your passport.

Check your eligibility through the guide linked above and apply online.

Always check that you and your family's passports are in date before you book a holiday. Apply at least 12 weeks before travelling.

What documents do I need to submit with my application?

A guide to the documents you will need for online and paper applications can be found  here .

For online applications, your will be told what documents are required for your own application towards then end of the application process.

Can I submit my application at the public counter in the Passport Office?

An  Urgent Appointment Service  is available at our public office in Dublin and Cork.

You must book an appointment and make on online payment to attend our offices.

I have applied through Post Passport. Can I make an appointment in Mount Street or Cork Passport Office?

You cannot book an appointment if you already have an application lodged through Passport Online.

You can book an appointment if you have applied by Post Passport but it could take a significant amount of time to refund you the cost of your Post Passport postal service applications.

If you book an appointment and when you arrive we can see you have also applied through Passport Online, we will cancel the appointment and refund your payment when you attend the appointment. This refund normally takes 30 days.

Make sure you choose the application channel that best suits your travel times before you apply.

When will my passport be ready? Are turnaround times guaranteed?

If you have already submitted your application, you can  track your application online  for an estimation of when your passport will be issued.

Up to date average turnaround times are available  here . Turnaround times represent average processing times and are not a service delivery guarantee.

I submitted my application based on your turnaround times but my target issue date is after my travel date. Can my application be expedited?

Turnaround times are a guideline only and will vary depending on the level of seasonal demand and other factors. The date given by the passport  tracker  is the most accurate estimation of when your passport will be issued.

Applications can only be expedited in the case of a genuine travel emergency, made necessary by the death, illness or welfare of a family member.

In the case of a genuine emergency, please  contact the Passport Service . Further information will be requested by the Passport Service including verifiable proof of emergency.

Can I pay extra to speed up the process?

Once an application has been submitted, it is not possible to pay an additional fee to speed up an application.

I am tracking my application and the target issue date has passed. What can I do?

Turnaround times are affected by seasonal demand. Please continue to track your application online.

If the passport tracker has generated an alert message, it means that there is an issue with your passport application (for example, insufficient supporting documentation).

When this happens, a letter is sent to you outlining the issue and the steps you need to take for your application to resume.

My application has not appeared on the passport tracker. Is this normal?

In some cases, it can take five to ten working days for the application to appear on the passport tracker.

I have lost my application/tracking number. Can you find it for me?

We may be able to find it.  Contact the Passport Service and provide your name as it is to appear on your application, date of birth, mother’s surname, address and PPSN.

The passport tracker has not updated recently. My target issue date has not changed. Is there a problem?

Your target issue date will not change, however, information about the status of your application will appear under the progress bar.

If there is an issue with your application, we will contact you.

I applied through Post Passport, can I collect my passport from Mount St/Balbriggan/Cork?

Post Passport is a postal service. We will note your request but there is no guarantee that collection can be facilitated.

Please note that the Balbriggan production facility is not a public office and collections are not facilitated at this location.

I submitted an application through an Irish Embassy abroad but I can’t find it on the tracking system. When will it be ready?

The initial assessment of your application is performed by the Embassy/Consulate.

Once entitlement is established your application will be sent to Ireland for processing and only then is it recorded on our tracking system.

Until it appears on the tracking system, any requests for an update should be made via the Embassy/Consulate with which you submitted your application.

Do I have to collect my passport myself?

If you submitted your application at the passport office in Mount Street, Dublin or Cork, you may nominate a person to collect it on your behalf.

They must bring a signed letter from you authorising them to collect the passport and their own photo ID.

I need my passport number to book flights. Where can I find it?

Your Passport Number is located on the top right hand corner of your passport. It will begin with the letter P or L and will be followed by another letter and 7 numbers (example PA1234567).

When your passport is renewed your passport number will change. If your passport application is still being processed it will not be possible to obtain the new passport number before the document is delivered.

My son/daughter has submitted an application. Can you discuss it with me?

If I phone the passport office can you discuss the application with me?

If the applicant is over 18, for data protection reasons, we cannot discuss this application with a third party. The applicant will need to contact the passport office. If the applicant is under 18 we can discuss the application with a parent/guardian.

Can you check my friend’s/family member’s application for me?

No. If the applicant is over eighteen, for data protection reasons, we cannot discuss the application with a third party. We can only discuss applications directly with the applicant.

There is an issue with my application. Can I call into the office to discuss it?

If there is an issue with your application, our staff will contact you and advise what you need to do to resolve the issue.

If you wish to make an enquiry about your application, please contact our Customer Service Hub .

I need to travel urgently. Can I apply for an emergency passport?

Emergency passports are issued strictly in emergency situations such as death of an immediate family member abroad or urgent medical treatment.

Please  contact  the Passport Service. Further information will be requested by the Passport Service including verifiable proof of emergency.

For travel emergencies outside of our office hours please call +353 1 408 2000.

A family member passed away recently - what should I do with their passport?

You can return their passport for cancellation with a copy of their death certificate to:

Customer Care, Passport Office, Freepost PO Box 9718, Balbriggan, County Dublin.

No, you do not need a passport to travel between Ireland and Great Britain, however, some carriers/airlines require a passport as proof of identification. You should check with your carrier.

What do I do if I cannot find the original of my birth/marriage certificate?

For fraud prevention purposes, we insist that all applicants submit the originals of their birth and marriage certificates. We do not accept laminated, certified or photocopies of these documents.

If born/married in Ireland contact:

General Register Office, Joyce House, 8-11 Lombard Street East, Dublin 2, D02 Y729. Website:  www.groireland.ie

If born/married in Northern Ireland contact:

General Register Office for Northern Ireland, Oxford House, 49-55 Chichester Street, Belfast, BT1 4HL. Tel: 0300 200 7890 (028 9151 3101 if calling from outside Northern Ireland) Website:  www.nidirect.gov.uk

A general rule of thumb is to keep six months validity remaining on your passport from the date you’re returning home. You can travel right up to the date of expiry within the EU.

However it is advisable to contact the embassy of the country to which you intend to travel with queries regarding their specific requirements.

You do not need to wait until your current passport has expired to apply for a new one.

It is advisable to apply at least six weeks ahead of any planned travel to avoid disappointment.

No, you must apply for your Irish passport in the country where you live.

Renew online or consult the website of your nearest  Irish Embassy .

Related content

How to apply for a passport guide, apply online for your passport, ensure you read our terms and conditions for the passport online service, passport processing times, citizenship and foreign birth registration.

This is a prototype - your feedback will help us to improve it. Leave feedback.

US citizens will need travel authorization for Europe in 2024 - here's what to know

Northern Irish citizens are required to hold an ETIAS travel authorization because they are UK nationals

  • 17:46, 25 JUL 2023
  • Updated 16:18, 15 AUG 2023

Travelers waiting in a queue to board their places in the airport

Latest news from Irishstar.com

We have more newsletters

US citizens looking to travel to Northern Ireland or any country in Europe should be aware of a new requirement that will come into effect for US passport holders in 2024.

Anyone who previously journeyed to Europe without a visa will now need to apply for authorization through the European Travel Information and Authorization System, or ETIAS, before visiting.

At the moment, American travelers have visa-free access to 184 global destinations, according to the Henley Passport Index, but the European Union is due to add its new documentation requirements for US visitors.

Read more: European travel pass FAQ: who should apply, cost, wait times, and more

Read more: Full list of European countries US passport holders will need a travel pass to visit from 2024

The application form costs seven euros or $7.79 US dollars and is similar to an ESTA for those going to America . It will be available on the official ETIAS website as well as a mobile application. All communication is done by email.

Once citizens are approved, the authorization allows visitors to stay in European countries that require ETIAS for up to 90 days within any 180-day period. Travelers must be in possession of a valid ETIAS throughout their whole stay.

An Irish passport and a British passport

Most applications should be processed within minutes, according to ETIAS, but if it takes longer, decisions will be sent within four days or up to 14 days if the applicant is asked to provide additional documentation.

Holidaymakers and business trippers alike are encouraged to apply for an ETIAS authorization "well in advance" of their planned journey.

Confirmation of application submission will be sent by email with a unique number that is needed for future reference.

Travelers who are granted ETIAS travel authorization should double check their name, passport number, and other personal information are correct - any mistake could stop them from crossing the border.

If an application is rejected, the email will include the reasons for this, alongside information on how to appeal.

ETIAS travel authorization is valid for three years, according to the EU, or until the travel document people used in their application expires, whichever comes first.

The ETIAS authorization is linked to a person's travel document - such as a US passport - and both documents will be needed to board a flight, bus, or ship to enter any of the European countries that require ETIAS.

Similar to international border requirements with a passport, the ETIAS authorization doesn't guarantee an automatic right of entry.

"Border guards will verify that you meet the entry conditions" and anyone who does not meet the conditions "will be refused entry," according to the EU.

Busy scenes at Terminal 1 Dublin Airport

It comes after the was recently ranked fourth best in the world, according to the 2023 Henley Passport Index, which measures how many nationalities a country allows to pass through its borders without a visa.

Irish passport holders can access a total of 188 countries out of 227 without a visa, the Index said. The US, meanwhile, dropped two places on the list to the eighth spot, having not held the number one slot since 2014.

US citizens can access 189 countries without a visa.

For the latest local news and features on Irish America, visit our homepage here .

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Travelling to Northern Ireland without a passport - Belfast Forum

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' class=

Hi everyone

Thanks everyone

can you visit northern ireland without a passport

"Ryanair insist on passport only".

"see reply 112"

Ok, my mistake.

I don't have a passport or picture of what can I do as want to go to Sligo to surprise someone

What SHOULD you do? Don't go.

What CAN you do? Take the ferry and the bus and hope for the best.

However, on your own head be it!

Can i travel nothern ireland on residence permit of Hungary

I have hungarian residence permit

Or what is the procesd

https://www.gov.uk/uk-border-control/before-you-leave-for-the-uk

"You’re from an EEA country or Switzerland

You can enter the UK with either a valid passport or a national identity card issued by a EEA country. It must be valid for the whole of your stay.

You’re not from an EEA country

You must have a valid passport to enter the UK. It must be valid for the whole of your stay.

You may also need a visa, depending on which country you’re from".

Can I get to their from United States without a passport I have an id they won't give me a pass port cause of child suport

@Tabitha C - No.

It seems that the USA deny their citizens the right to travel if they owe money to the state. I hadn't been aware of this so did a bit of reading.

The only reason to be denied a passport in Europe would be if criminal charges were pending (as far as I know) so this surprised me. #everydayisaschoolday

can you visit northern ireland without a passport

Yes according to web site it states ID. will try on Monday as Passport is with solicitors.

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If you want to apply for, renew or replace your British or Irish passport, you can find out how below. There is also information on photo requirements, fees, qualifying for a free passport, and how to report if your passport is lost or stolen.

British passports

Applying for your first adult british passport.

You can get information about how to apply for your first adult British passport at the following link:

  • Getting your first adult British passport

Renewing or replacing your adult British passport

If you wish to renew or replace your adult British passport, you can do so at these links:

  • Renew or replace your adult passport
  • Overseas British passport applications
  • Apply for or renew a British passport if you're visiting the UK
  • Passport services if you're disabled

Getting a British passport urgently

If you live in Northern Ireland, you will need to visit the Regional Passport Office in Belfast if you need a British passport urgently. You must make an appointment by phoning its advice line.

The office's contact details (including advice line) are on this page:

  • His Majesty's Passport Office (NI Regional Passport Office)

Find out more at the link below about what you need to do if you need a British passport urgently.

  • Get a British passport urgently

Qualifying for a free British passport

If you're a UK national born on or before 2 September 1929 you can apply for a free standard 32-page 10-year passport. This passport will be free whether it is a renewal or your first passport.

Find out more, including how to apply, at this link:

  • Passport fees

You can find information about fees and refunds at this link:

  • Application fees and refunds

Cancelling a lost or stolen British passport

If your passport is lost or stolen, you must cancel it as soon as possible. Find out how to at this link:

  • Cancel a lost or stolen passport

British passport fees

You can find out how much a passport costs at the link below:

Getting a British passport for your child

You can find information about how to get a passport for your child, whether it's a renewal or first passport application, at the following link:

  • Get a passport for your child

British passport photo requirements

There is information on photo rules for passport applications, including size, format, dos and don'ts at this link:

  • Get a passport photo

Collective (group) passports

Find out what you need to do if you want a collective (or group) passport for an organised group of young people to make a trip to certain European countries.

  • Collective (group) passport
  • British passport eligibility

You can find out about the rules which make someone able to get a British passport at this link:

Irish passports

If you want apply for, renew or replace your Irish passport, you can find out how to below. There is also information on how to report if your passport is lost or stolen.

Applying for or renewing your Irish passport

You can get information about how to apply for or renew your adult Irish passport at the following link:

  • Apply for or renew an Irish passport

Applying for or your adult Irish passport using postal service

If you live in Northern Ireland you can apply for an Irish passport by using the passport postal service at certain Post Office branches. Find out more information at this link:

  • Post Passport 

Replacing a lost or stolen Irish passport

If your passport is lost or stolen, you can find out what you need to do at this link:

  • Passport Online frequently asked questions

Getting an Irish passport for your child

Contact the irish passport service.

If you have a query about an Irish passport application, you can find contact details at this link:

  • Contact the Passport Service

Renewing a non-British or non-Irish passport

If you hold dual nationality and need to renew your passport for your home country, you may be able to do this through its embassy either in Dublin or London .

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If you have a comment or query about benefits, you will need to contact the government department or agency which handles that benefit.  Contacts for common benefits are listed below.

Carer's Allowance

Call 0800 587 0912 Email  [email protected]

Discretionary support / Short-term benefit advance

Call 0800 587 2750  Email  [email protected]

Disability Living Allowance

Call 0800 587 0912  Email [email protected]

Employment and Support Allowance

Call 0800 587 1377

Jobseeker’s Allowance

Contact your local Jobs & Benefits office

Personal Independence Payment

Call 0800 587 0932

If your query is about another benefit, select ‘Other’ from the drop-down menu above.

Comments or queries about the Blue Badge scheme can be emailed to [email protected] or you can also call 0300 200 7818.

For queries or advice about careers, contact the Careers Service .

For queries or advice about Child Maintenance, contact the Child Maintenance Service .

For queries or advice about claiming compensation due to a road problem, contact DFI Roads claim unit .

If you can’t find the information you’re looking for in the  Coronavirus (COVID-19) section , then for queries about:

  • Restrictions or regulations —  contact the Department of Health
  • Travel advice (including self-isolation) —  contact the Department of Health
  • Coronavirus (COVID-19) vaccinations — contact the  Department of Health  or  Public Health Agency

If your query is about another topic, select ‘Other’ from the drop-down menu above.

For queries about your identity check, email [email protected] and for queries about your certificate, email [email protected] .

For queries or advice about criminal record checks, email [email protected]

Application and payment queries can be emailed to  [email protected]

For queries or advice about employment rights, contact the Labour Relations Agency .

For queries or advice about birth, death, marriage and civil partnership certificates and research, contact the General Register Office Northern Ireland (GRONI) by email  [email protected]

For queries about the High Street Spend Local Scheme,  email  [email protected] .

For queries about:

  • Car tax, vehicle registration and SORN contact the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA), Swansea  
  • Driver licensing and tests, MOT and vehicle testing contact the Driver & Vehicle Agency (DVA), Northern Ireland

For queries about your identity check, email [email protected] .

For queries or advice about passports, contact  HM Passport Office .

For queries or advice about Penalty Charge Notices (PCNs), including parking tickets and bus lane PCNs, email  [email protected]

For queries or advice about pensions, contact the  Northern Ireland Pension Centre .

If you wish to report a problem with a road or street you can do so online in this section .

If you wish to check on a problem or fault you have already reported, contact DfI Roads .

For queries or advice about historical, social or cultural records relating to Northern Ireland, use the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI) enquiry service .

For queries or advice about rates, email [email protected]

For queries or advice about  60+ and Senior Citizen SmartPasses (which can be used to get concessionary travel on public transport), contact  Smartpass - Translink .

If you have a question about a government service or policy, you should contact the relevant government organisation directly .  We don't have access to information about you.

AFAR

Where Can I Travel Without a Passport?

Posted: November 1, 2023 | Last updated: November 2, 2023

Americans looking to renew or obtain a new U.S. passport have been met with myriad challenges in recent years, not the least of which has been long delays. And while passport processing times are finally coming back down a bit (now an estimated eight to 11 weeks , as opposed to 10 to 13 weeks earlier this year), it's still not ideal for those hoping to go on an international beach vacay, like yesterday.

Luckily for travelers caught in administrative limbo (or for people who don't care to get a passport), there are numerous destinations American travelers can visit with just a government-issued I.D. and proof of citizenship. Of course that includes the wealth of beautiful, nature-filled outdoor landscapes (including dozens of national parks ), and culture-packed city hubs Americans can travel to right here in the United States .

Beyond the 50 United States, these are all the places American citizens can visit without a passport.

U.S. territories

American samoa.

Blending Polynesian and American influences, these five islands in the South Pacific (located roughly 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii) are rimmed by white sand beaches and reefs teeming with marine life. And while American Samoa sees less than 23,000 visitors each year, any American citizen could legally travel there. Because American Samoa has been a U.S. territory since 1900, American travelers don't need a passport to visit -they just need a Real I.D. You'll also need an onward or return ticket to be let into the country, per the U.S. Department of State.

Micronesia's most populous island has all the usual trappings of paradise: golden sand beaches, swaying palms, cascading waterfalls, and a laid-back culture. And even though it's more than 6,000 miles southwest of Los Angeles, in Guam, U.S. citizens are considered domestic travelers, so no passport is required, if you connect through Honolulu (the other options are flying through Tokyo and Seoul, which would require a passport). You will need a government-issued I.D. and proof of citizenship, such as a birth certificate, however.

Northern Mariana Islands

The Northern Mariana Islands , a remote archipelago in the western Pacific Ocean just northeast of Guam, are another spot for American sun-seekers to experience tropical landscapes and crystal-clear water sans passport. However, like Guam, you'll need to choose a flight path that doesn't have layovers in countries where passports are required, like Japan-your best option is to fly through Honolulu and Guam. Travelers only need a photo I.D. and a birth certificate to visit.

Puerto Rico

With wildly diverse terrain, colorful historic towns, and a thriving nightlife scene, Puerto Rico makes a compelling case for leaving the mainland for a while. Because Puerto Ricans were given U.S. citizenship under the Jones-Shafroth Act of 1917, the island is considered part of the U.S. for immigration and travel purposes, even if it isn't a state. U.S. citizens are not required to have a passport to visit Puerto Rico-they just need a valid government-issued I.D., such as a driver's license or state I.D. card.

U.S. Virgin Islands

If you're keen on a holiday that involves gazing out at shimmering turquoise water and listening to the rhythmic shush of waves breaking on the beach, you might consider the U.S. Virgin Islands . Another Caribbean gem, the U.S. Virgin Islands, consists of three main islands (St. Thomas, St. John, and St. Croix) and has been a U.S. territory since 1917. All you need (beyond a plane ticket or cruise booking) is a valid government-issued I.D. and a birth certificate to be sipping cocktails on pristine beaches, snorkeling with riotously colorful fish, and dancing to the music of steel drums.

International cruises that don't require a passport

Another loophole for passport-less travelers who would like to experience an international locale are "closed-loop" cruises . A closed-loop cruise is a sailing that starts and ends at the same U.S. port and only visits select countries in the Western Hemisphere. On these cruises passengers aren't required to have a passport. Those countries include:

  • British Virgin Islands
  • Cayman Islands
  • Dominican Republic
  • Turks and Caicos

Travelers are still required to have proof of citizenship, however. According to U.S. Customs and Border Protection , that can include an Enhanced Driver's License (currently available only to residents of Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Vermont, and Washington); a government-issued birth certificate; or an official Certificate of Naturalization . Passengers who are 16 years and older also need to supply their photo I.D. (such as a driver's license).

It's worth noting, however, that if the cruise stops in even a single country or territory where passports are required (such as Barbados, Guadeloupe, Martinique, St. Bart's, and Trinidad and Tobago), you'll need a passport for the entire journey. And it's recommended that passengers bring a passport on these cruises, even if it's not technically required, in the event that they need to leave the cruise early and fly to or from an international destination.

No passport? You can still visit the gorgeous Fatu (or Flowerpot) Rock in Pago Pago, American Samoa.

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Gorgeous Tropical Islands Americans Can Visit Without a Passport

Gorgeous tropical islands you can visit without a passport.

Playa Lagun, Curacao

Around 43 percent of Americans have a passport. And while that number has risen in the past decades, many people still can't leave the country.

If this is you, or if you're stuck waiting for the ridiculously long processing time required to renew your passport, don't fret! You can still leave the country without actually leaving the country by visiting these 10 beautiful tropical islands.

Note: We may earn money from affiliate partners if you buy through links on our site.  

Kauai Hawaii

Let's start with the obvious choice. Hawaii was an independent kingdom until the U.S. invaded and incorporated it in the 20th century. While it's one of the 50 states, it has a distinct culture and language that often make it feel like you've left the country. It's also one of the most beautiful places in the entire world.

Tourists can visit six main islands: Oahu, Big Island, Maui, Kauai, Lanai and Molokai, each of which has its own charm.

Where to stay: Alohilani Resort Waikiki Beach

Puerto Rico

Colorful house facades of Old San Juan, Puerto Rico

A former Spanish colony, Puerto Rico is now a U.S. territory, meaning Americans can visit the island without a passport. On this idyllic Caribbean island, you'll find rainforests, bioluminescent bays and countless beautiful beaches.

But besides nature, you'll also get to enjoy the island's culture through its delicious food and irresistible rhythms — this is the birthplace of reggaeton, after all.

Where to stay: Casa Sol

Saint Thomas

West End, St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands

Somehow, many Americans aren't aware that there are three other Caribbean islands that are U.S. territories. The U.S. Virgin Islands aren't far from Puerto Rico and offer access to the light-blue water of the Caribbean Sea.

Saint Thomas is the gateway to this territory, housing Charlotte Amalie, the capital. If you're looking to party, shop and stay at luxury hotels, this is the island for you. Of course, you'll also have opportunities to snorkel and dive.

Where to stay: The Ritz-Carlton Saint Thomas

Saint Croix

US Virgin Islands Harbor Clear Water Saint Croix Island

The Virgin Islands were once a Danish colony, and Saint Croix's town of Christiansted was the capital. Because of this, it holds some of the most interesting historic buildings and sites. There are also archaeological sites, coral reefs and mangrove forests.

Where to stay: The Buccaneer Beach & Golf Resort

Honeymoon Beach, St. John

The last of the U.S. Virgin Islands, Saint John is for travelers looking to get away from it all. A large part of the island is made up of the Virgin Islands National Park, one of the least visited national parks in the United States. Safeguarding marine life as well as life in the lush hills that cover the island, it's a place of wonder every intrepid traveler should visit.

Where to stay: The Westin St. John Resort Villas

American Samoa

Camel Rock, American Samoa

If you want to travel much farther than the Caribbean, set your eyes once more on the Pacific, where the United States has taken over several territories.

Typically receiving only military personnel and the most dedicated travelers, American Samoa has volcanic mountains and seven islands. Travelers can't miss spending time in the National Park of American Samoa, which boasts both reefs and rainforests.

Where to stay: Tradewinds Hotel

Green garden in Guam

Another territory where the U.S. has a strong military basis, Guam's remote location keeps most casual travelers from ever visiting. But those who make the long trip here will find historic buildings, high-end hotels and plenty of World War II memorials. Though, of course, the perfect beaches are the island's main draw.

Where to stay: Crowne Plaza Resort Guam

Northern Mariana Islands

Rota Island Northern Mariana Islands

The final passport-free island in the Pacific for U.S. travelers is the Northern Mariana Islands. Located north of Guam, the territory has 14 islands whose volcanic nature provides dramatic seaside cliffs and an impressive biodiversity.

Saipan, the largest island, receives the most visitors. But we encourage you to look to some of the other islands, where you'll find a less touristy experience and more pristine beaches.

Where to stay: Hyatt Regency Saipan

Colourful houses in Nassau

A collection of islands right off the coast of Florida, the Bahamas is an incredibly popular cruising destination. American citizens visit without a passport by taking a closed-loop cruise that starts and ends in the U.S. Since you won't be staying overnight on the island, you won't have to show a passport.

In fact, there are one-day cruises that leave from Fort Lauderdale and that let you enjoy the country's famed beaches for several hours.

Where to stay: Curacao Marriott Beach Resort

Bermuda pink lake

Like the Bahamas, Bermuda allows U.S. citizens in without a passport as long as they're visiting on a closed-loop cruise. The British territory is a bit out of the way, but it's worth visiting for its pink lakes, uncrowded beaches and caves.

Where to stay: Rosewood Bermuda

Blog The Education Hub

https://educationhub.blog.gov.uk/2024/01/02/how-to-apply-for-30-hours-free-childcare-and-find-out-if-youre-eligible/

How to apply for 30 hours free childcare and find out if you’re eligible

Free childcare

Thousands of parents are entitled to free childcare to support them to return to work after parental leave. Depending on how old your child is, you may be able to access between 15 and 30 hours free childcare a week.

From April 2024,  even more parents will be able to access free childcare. This was announced by the Chancellor in the Spring Budget 2023 .

Here we tell you about the free Government-funded childcare you can access now, how to apply and what you’ll be able to get in future.

Who can get 30 hours of free childcare?

Working parents or carers of children aged three to four in England are currently entitled to  30 hours free childcare  a week.

The childcare provider must be approved – so informal providers such as grandparents don’t count – and the support stops when your child starts reception class.

Some providers may ask you to pay for extra costs like meals, nappies or trips.

Eligibility depends on whether you’re working, your income, your child’s age and circumstances and your immigration status.

Full details about eligibility requirements can be found at: 30 hours free childcare - GOV.UK.

There are different childcare support schemes in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

Who can get 15 hours of free childcare?

All parents of children aged three to four can access 15 hours of free childcare. It doesn't matter how much you earn or how many hours you work.

Currently, parents of two-year-olds can access 15 hours a week of free childcare if they are in receipt of income support benefits, such as Universal Credit, and earn less than £15,400 a year.

From April 2024, working parents of two-year-olds will also be able to access 15 hours of free childcare. Applications opened on 2 January 2024 .  

When will the 30 hours of free childcare be extended?

We’re introducing free childcare gradually, to make sure that providers can meet the needs of more families, starting with 15 hours of free childcare for working parents of two-year-olds. If eligible, you can apply now.

From  September 2024 , 15 hours of free childcare will be extended to all children from the age of 9 months.

From September 2025 , working parents of children under the age of five will be entitled to 30 hours of free childcare a week.

Application for these offers  will be available in the coming months.  

How to apply for free childcare

If your child is age three or four and you want to access 15 hours of free childcare , you don’t need to make an application as your childcare provider will do this for you automatically.

You’ll just need to show them a copy of your child’s birth certificate, and you’ll also have to sign a declaration form. Talk to your childcare provider directly to find out more.

Working parents of two-year-olds can also apply for 15 hours of free childcare, to be accessed from April. Parents can apply via Childcare Choices.  

If your child is three or four years old and you’re eligible for 30 hours of free childcare, you’ll need to fill out an application form online .

If you’re eligible, you’ll get a childcare account and a code which you’ll need to show to your childcare provider, along with your child’s date of birth and your National Insurance number.

You’ll need to reconfirm your details every three months, or your code will expire.

Check your eligibility and apply for 30 hours free childcare at this link .

You can log into your Government childcare account here.

When should I apply for free childcare?

You can make an application at any point in the year. However, to make sure you receive your code, leave plenty of time to apply. The best time to apply depends on when your child turns three – work out when is best for you at this link.

You will be asked to reconfirm you’re still eligible every 3 months. This means that if you apply at least 3 months before your child starts going to your childcare provider, you’ll need to reconfirm you’re still eligible before you take up a place.

F or parents of two-year-olds to access 15 hours of free childcare , w e recommend those eligible apply between mid-January and the end of February so that parents won’t need to reconfirm eligibility before taking up a place. Parents can apply via  Childcare Choices .  

How to sign into your Government childcare account

To apply for 30 hours free childcare, you can sign into your account at this link .

You’ll need your Government Gateway user ID to login.

You may also be interested in:

  • Everything you need to know about childcare support
  • How we are growing our 30 hours free childcare offer
  • Childcare Choices

Tags: 15 hours free childcare , 30 hours childcare , 30 hours free childcare , 30 hours free childcare login , Childcare , Childcare costs , free childcare , Free childcare login

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These Are the World’s Most (and Least) Powerful Passports in 2024

Strictly embargoed: wednesday 10 january 2024.

An unprecedented six countries share the top spot with visa-free access to a record-breaking number of destinations on the 2024 Henley Passport Index , which is based on exclusive and official data from the International Air Transport Association (IATA). Four EU member states — France, Germany, Italy, and Spain — join Japan and Singapore in boasting the most powerful passports in the world, with their citizens able to visit an astonishing 194 destinations out of 227 around the globe visa-free. The two Asian nations have dominated 1 st place on the index (which ranks all the world’s passports according to the number of destinations their holders can access without a prior visa) for the past five years.

Dr. Christian H. Kaelin , Chairman of Henley & Partners and the inventor of the passport index concept, says although the general trend over the history of the 19-year-old ranking has been towards greater travel freedom, the global mobility gap between those at the top and bottom of the index is now wider than ever. “The average number of destinations travelers are able to access visa-free has nearly doubled from 58 in 2006 to 111 in 2024. However, as we enter the new year, the top-ranked countries are now able to travel to a staggering 166 more destinations visa-free than Afghanistan, which sits at the bottom of the ranking with access to just 28 countries without a visa.”

Asian tiger South Korea joins Finland and Sweden in 2 nd place with visa-free travel to 193 destinations, and another four EU nations — Austria, Denmark, Ireland, and Netherlands — share 3 rd place with access to 192. The rest of the Top 10 is largely dominated by European countries, with the UK climbing up two ranks to 4 th place with visa-free access to 191 destinations compared to just 188 a year ago. Australia and New Zealand passport holders both improve their ranking to sit in 6 th place with 189 visa-free destinations, while the US retains its 7 th place with access to 188 destinations without requiring a visa in advance. It has been a decade since the UK and the US jointly held 1 st place on the index in 2014.

Biggest climbers and fallers

The UAE remains the biggest climber on the Henley Passport Index over the past decade, adding an impressive 106 destinations to its visa-free score since 2014, resulting in a massive leap of 44 places in the ranking from 55 th to 11 th position.

Ukraine and China are also among the Top 5 countries with the most improved rankings over the past 10 years (a net total gain of 21 places each), and both have climbed a further two ranks in the past year. Ukraine is now in 32 nd place with 148 visa-free destinations and China is 62 nd on the ranking with access to 85 destinations without a prior visa (compared to just 44 in 2014). While Russia has seen a net gain of 24 destinations over the past decade, its visa-free score and ranking has barely shifted since 2017, and it now sits in 51 st place with access to 119 destinations.

Frédéric Léger , IATA’s Senior Vice President Commercial Products and Services, says with passenger traffic set to double by 2040, the optimization and enhancement of airport processes will need to continue. “Checking and verifying travel documents more often than not needs to be performed manually. With the expected continued growth in air travel, this task needs to be automated to a much higher degree. Passengers have clearly communicated that they are willing to share their data in advance of travel to achieve this goal. Building on IATA’s long-standing experience in collecting and making accurate travel document, visa and health information available to both stakeholders in travel value chain and travelers, the new version of Timatic AutoCheck offers various online solutions, through which travelers can check that they comply with all travel requirements before setting off to the airport.”

Key global mobility and migration trends in 2024

Commenting in the Henley Global Mobility Report 2024 Q1 , released today alongside the latest Henley Passport Index , award-winning journalist and author, Misha Glenny , says there’s only one piece of advice needed in the new year: Brace yourself for more uncertainty. “In 2024, 40 countries making up over 50% of global GDP will undergo decisive elections, including the US and several other major powers. Political trends point to a lack of geopolitical coordination heightening the risk of prospective shocks to an already precarious economic environment. The general trend, however, remains steady. A decline in American and European influence and a jostling for power among the Asian big boys.”

Former career diplomat with the U.S. Department of State and a senior non-resident associate at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, Annie Pforzheimer , says immigration remains one of the most intractable issues in American politics. “As the year begins, the political temperature in the US regarding uncontrolled migration through Mexico is threatening to derail other national priorities, leading to speculation that the country might attempt long-delayed immigration reforms. Even the Biden administration has called the asylum system ‘broken’.”

Immigration is also “a highly salient political issue” in the UK ahead of their general election this year, according to Dr. Hannah White OBE , Director for the Institute for Government. Commenting in the report, she says “the UK has seen unprecedented inward migration following the introduction of its post-Brexit migration regime. This increase has proven awkward for the governing Conservative party, which committed in its 2019 election manifesto to cut annual net migration to under a quarter of a million”.

Turning to the Middle East, Dr. Robert Mogielnicki , a Senior Resident Scholar at the Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington, says despite the “devastating effects” of the Israel–Hamas conflict, governments in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) region hope to continue the economic momentum of 2023 in the year ahead. “The GCC has agreed to establish a Schengen-like visa system, enabling tourists to travel seamlessly throughout the region. While more work on implementation needs to be done throughout 2024, the planned enhancements to regional mobility will produce positive spillovers to the smaller Gulf states of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, and Qatar. The GCC’s Unified Tourist Visa project serves as an important example of subregional integration and connectivity — a process that would be extremely difficult to replicate across the broader Middle East and North Africa.”

The link between travel freedom and economic performance

Henley & Partners has conducted exclusive new research into the relationship between visa-free access and economic progress by comparing key metrics across various regional and economic groups worldwide including the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the African Union (AU), the EU, the G7, the G20, the GCC, and the Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR) as well as the expanded BRICS bloc, which officially welcomed new members Egypt, Ethiopia, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE in early January. The indicators include each grouping’s percentage share of global GDP and the world’s population, along with their average percentage scores on the Henley Passport Index , the Henley Openness Index (measuring the number of nationalities a country permits entry to without a prior visa), and the Henley Passport Power Index (measuring the percentage of global GDP each passport provides to its holders visa-free).

Commenting on the findings published in the Henley Global Mobility Report 2024 Q1 , former Chief Economist at Lloyds Bank, Prof. Trevor Williams , says the data contains “a treasure trove of insights into the possibilities for spreading economic progress worldwide. The overarching narrative that links greater economic performance with visa-free access and openness to international trade, investment, and the exchange of skills is once again powerfully highlighted, underpinned, and backed by the research shown in this year’s report.”

Prof. Williams goes on to say that there are “valuable lessons” for other developing countries and regions, especially ASEAN, the AU, BRICS, and MERCOSUR. “In many respects, future global economic progress depends upon lagging regions showing substantial improvement in their openness to each other, and on wealthier blocs and countries showing more openness to developing nations.”

Award-winning author and journalist, Justice Malala , agrees, saying African mobility is heading for a crossroads in 2024 following Kenya’s bold announcement that visitors no longer require a visa (which came into effect this month). “Kenya and Rwanda are the first major political and economic powers to offer completely visa-free access to international and continental visitors. Their no-visa policies breathe new life into the AU’s attempts to bring about free movement of goods, services, capital, and the continent’s 1.4 billion people.”

Innovative financing through investment migration

Henley & Partners’ innovative research also shows a strong correlation between economic performance, passport power, and countries that host investment migration programs . For instance, nearly 60% of G7 countries, which collectively account for 30% of global GDP and have an average Henley Passport Power (HPP) percentage score of 82%, offer some form of residence or citizenship by investment program. Similarly, nearly all 27 EU member states (with an average HPP score of 74%) provide the right to reside in return for making some form of investment, and most of the 19 sovereign states in the G20 (with an average HPP score of 54%) also offer a mechanism to encourage inward investment in exchange for residence rights.

Dr. Juerg Steffen , CEO of Henley & Partners, says both visa-openness and investment migration are significant levers that governments can use to positively impact and improve their passport’s power, as well as their economic progress. “What sets residence and citizenship by investment programs apart from debt-driven financing approaches is that they enhance the sovereign equity of the host nation. They do not require compromising or sacrificing one strategic objective in order to achieve another. Investment migration is a genuine win–win, long-term, sustainable solution for all stakeholders, whether they are investors or nation states and their citizens.”

Notes to Editors

About the 2024 Henley Passport Index 

With cutting-edge expert commentary and historical data spanning over 19 years, the Henley Passport Index is the original ranking of all the world’s passports according to the number of destinations their holders can access without a prior visa. Originally created by Dr. Christian H. Kaelin , the ranking is based on exclusive and official data from the International Air Transport Association (IATA), which maintains the world’s largest and most accurate database of travel information, and it is enhanced by extensive, ongoing research by the Henley & Partners Research Department.

Along with the Kälin – Kochenov Quality of Nationality Index , it is considered a major reference tool for global citizens and the standard reference for government policy in this field.

About the Henley Global Mobility Report 

The Henley Global Mobility Report 2024 Q1 is a unique publication that brings together commentary from leading academics and professional experts on the major and emerging trends in global and regional mobility today. Grounded in geopolitical analysis and with a focus on the realities shaping our world, the report offers exclusive insight into mobility and migration patterns and looks at what we can expect in the months to come.

About Henley & Partners

Henley & Partners is the global leader in residence and citizenship by investment. Each year, hundreds of wealthy individuals and their advisors rely on our expertise and experience in this area. The firm’s highly qualified professionals work together as one team in over 45 offices worldwide.

The concept of residence and citizenship by investment was created by Henley & Partners in the 1990s. As globalization has expanded, residence and citizenship have become topics of significant interest among the increasing number of internationally mobile entrepreneurs and investors whom we proudly serve every day.

The firm also runs a leading government advisory practice that has raised more than USD 12 billion in foreign direct investment. Trusted by governments, the firm has been involved in strategic consulting and in the design, set-up, and operation of the world’s most successful residence and citizenship programs.

https://www.henleyglobal.com

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These Are the World’s Most (and Least) Powerful Passports in 2024

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IMAGES

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  5. Countries You Don T Need A Passport To Travel To

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    can you visit northern ireland without a passport

COMMENTS

  1. Frequently Asked Questions

    For UK nationals a passport is not strictly necessary but photographic identification is required.

  2. What are the travel rules for Northern Ireland?

    It has also been announced that from Friday 18 March 2022, Northern Ireland is to scrap all travel rules including the requirement for any traveller to fill out a passenger locator form. This also means that travellers will not need to test or quarantine in Northern Ireland, regardless of their vaccination status.

  3. When You Don't Need a Passport To Travel

    No. Northern Ireland is part of the UK and along with Scotland and Wales you do not require a passport to travel to and from any part of Northern Ireland. Travelling to Northern Ireland is exactly the same as travelling between London and Glasgow or Edinburgh and Cardiff.

  4. Entry requirements

    If you are a British citizen, you do not need a passport to enter Ireland. However, some carriers and airlines might require identification. Irish immigration officers check the ID of all...

  5. Visas and passports

    Most people need a valid passport to enter the Republic or Northern Ireland but there are some exceptions: If you're a UK citizen, you can also use official photo identification.

  6. Crossing the Irish border: what you need to know!

    Do I need a passport to travel to Ireland/Northern Ireland? What do you need to cross the border? There are no border formalities between the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom.

  7. Travelling to Northern Ireland without a passport

    Travelling to Northern Ireland without a passport 11 years ago Save Hi everyone I'm hoping someone can help me out. I am thinking of planning a surprise trip for my Father to Northern Ireland, where he grew up (but hasn't been back in years).

  8. Where can I travel without a passport?

    No. Since the UK left the EU on 31 January 2021, anyone travelling from England, Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland to a country in the European Union or Andorra, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Monaco , Norway, San Marino, Switzerland or Vatican City will only be able to travel with a valid passport.

  9. Irish border: Changes made to travel authorisation scheme

    Legal residents of the Republic of Ireland will not need a permit to cross the border into Northern Ireland. The news comes after the UK government announced changes to its new Electronic...

  10. Travelling to Northern Ireland without a passport

    Answer 51 of 194: Hi everyone I'm hoping someone can help me out. I am thinking of planning a surprise trip for my Father to Northern Ireland, where he grew up (but hasn't been back in years). The only problem is that he has no passport, and no ID that I...

  11. Travelling to Northern Ireland without a passport

    Answer 91 of 194: Hi everyone I'm hoping someone can help me out. I am thinking of planning a surprise trip for my Father to Northern Ireland, where he grew up (but hasn't been back in years). The only problem is that he has no passport, and no ID that I...

  12. Ireland International Travel Information

    Visit the Embassy of Ireland's website for the most current visa information. You must have a valid passport to enter Ireland. U.S. citizens can enter visa-free for tourism or business stays of up to 90 days. There is no minimum passport validity requirement for U.S. citizens entering Ireland.

  13. Can you move freely between Ireland and Northern Ireland?

    Yes, you can move freely between Ireland and Northern Ireland without any passport controls or border checks. Is there free movement between Ireland and Northern Ireland? Yes, there is free movement between Ireland and Northern Ireland. The common travel area allows for passport-free and legal travel …

  14. 23 Places to Travel Without a Passport from the US (in 2024)

    From snow-capped peaks to white-sand beaches, you'll be amazed how many beautiful, culturally vibrant destinations you can go to without a passport! Below, I've compiled the web's most comprehensive list of the 23 best places to travel without a passport.

  15. Do I Need a Passport to Go to Ireland From the UK?

    No, if you are a citizen of the UK, you do not need a passport to travel to Ireland. That's because Ireland and the UK along with the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands are part of the Common Travel Area. According to the laws of the agreement, there is minimal control on the internal borders of these countries.

  16. Do US Citizens Need a Visa for Ireland?

    US citizens can enter Ireland and Northern Ireland and stay in either country for up to 90 days without a visa, as long as they travel for leisure purposes. You cannot study or work while in Ireland without a visa.

  17. Can I fly to Ireland without a passport?

    Yes, you can fly to Ireland without a passport as long as you are an Irish or British citizen. According to the Common Travel Area (CTA) agreement, which has been in place since the 1920s, Irish and British citizens are allowed to travel freely between the two countries without the need for a passport.

  18. Frequently Asked Passport Questions

    If you are living in Northern Ireland, the UK or elsewhere, please use a secure method of postage. ... lodged through Passport Online. You can book an appointment if you have applied by Post Passport but it could take a significant amount of time to refund you the cost of your Post Passport postal service applications. If you book an ...

  19. US citizens will need travel authorization for Europe in 2024

    US citizens looking to travel to Northern Ireland or any country in Europe should be aware of a new requirement that will come into effect for US passport holders in 2024. ... which measures how many nationalities a country allows to pass through its borders without a visa. Irish passport holders can access a total of 188 countries out of 227 ...

  20. Yes, you can enter Ireland without a passport

    Yes, you can enter Ireland without a passport. Due to the common travel area, both the British government and the Irish government affirm that you do not need a passport to travel between the UK and the Republic of Ireland.. No, you cannot travel without a passport. However, almost all travel companies, by sea or by air, require photo identification.

  21. Can you travel from Northern Ireland to Britain without a passport or

    Can you travel from Northern Ireland to Britain without a passport or driver's license? In theory there are no border checks but ferries seem to demand photo ID. ... Can you travel from Northern Ireland to Britain without a passport or driver's license? Ask Question Asked 5 years, 9 months ago. Modified 5 years, 9 months ago. Viewed 3k times

  22. Travelling to Northern Ireland without a passport

    Answer 121 of 194: Hi everyone I'm hoping someone can help me out. I am thinking of planning a surprise trip for my Father to Northern Ireland, where he grew up (but hasn't been back in years). The only problem is that he has no passport, and no ID that I...

  23. Passports

    Getting a British passport urgently. If you live in Northern Ireland, you will need to visit the Regional Passport Office in Belfast if you need a British passport urgently. You must make an appointment by phoning its advice line. The office's contact details (including advice line) are on this page:

  24. Wondering Where You Can Travel Without A Passport?

    American Samoa requires a passport, but United States travelers can visit the U.S. Virgin Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, and Puerto Rico without a passport, as per the federal government ...

  25. Where Can I Travel Without a Passport?

    A mericans looking to renew or obtain a new U.S. passport have been met with myriad challenges in recent years, not the least of which has been long delays. And while passport processing times are ...

  26. Tropical Islands Americans Can Visit Without a Passport

    Gorgeous Tropical Islands You Can Visit Without a Passport. Around 43 percent of Americans have a passport. And while that number has risen in the past decades, many people still can't leave the country. ... The final passport-free island in the Pacific for U.S. travelers is the Northern Mariana Islands. Located north of Guam, the territory has ...

  27. How to apply for 30 hours free childcare and find out if you're

    Parents can apply via Childcare Choices. If your child is three or four years old and you're eligible for 30 hours of free childcare, you'll need to fill out an application form online. If you're eligible, you'll get a childcare account and a code which you'll need to show to your childcare provider, along with your child's date of ...

  28. 2024 Passport Index Q1

    An unprecedented six countries share the top spot with visa-free access to a record-breaking number of destinations on the 2024 Henley Passport Index, which is based on exclusive and official data from the International Air Transport Association (IATA). Four EU member states — France, Germany, Italy, and Spain — join Japan and Singapore in boasting the most powerful passports in the world ...