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"A land ruled by the Nagas"

Kohima tourism.

Kohima is the hilly capital of Nagaland, which is one of the seven sister states of India. ‘Kohima’ is the anglicized name given by the British, the original name being 'Kewhira' derived from the Kewhi flowers found in the region. Famous for its ethereal environment and untouched beauty, it is a land of folklore passed down through the ages. Situated at a height of 1500 metres above the sea level, it is endowed with quaint hills, emerald forests and a picturesque landscape. It is the go-to place for all you adventure enthusiasts as it is ideal for trekking, camping and hiking.

Kohima was built by the British and is home to the Naga and Kulkis tribe who can amaze one with their independence and a mystical and colourful culture that surrounds them. Kohima finds its place in history as the site of an intense fight with the Japanese, a part of a 64 day long battle during the World War II. One of the most popular sits here include the Commonwealth War Cemetery which homes thousands of soldiers of the World War II. Other than that, the city has a lot more to offer to its visitors - a museum, zoo, sanctuary, valleys, self governing villages and much more.

Places To Visit In Kohima

Dzukou Valley and Japfu Peak

Dzukou Valley and Japfu Peak

Kohima Museum

Kohima Museum

Touphema Village

Touphema Village

Kohima Zoo

Khonoma Village

Shilloi Lake, Kohima

Shilloi Lake, Kohima

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+91 370 2243124

ILP queries - 8837222758

Opp: Indoor Stadium, Raj Bhavan Road,

Kohima -797001, Nagaland

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9:00 am – 4:00 pm

kohima nagaland tourism

Experience The Culture

Embrace the nature.

Rejuvenate your Spirit and Soul. Feel its freedom and enjoy the peace and quiet

Witness The Festival of Festivals

Get immersed in the unique and colourful Naga tribal dances, food and folklore

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About Nagaland

A land engulfed in mystery, inhabited by vibrant people zealously guarding their culture – dancers, warriors, head-hunters; mountains, valleys, forests – all these form the portrait of Nagaland the moment the word is uttered.

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If tropical jungle, slush & mud, remote mud tracks, forgotten hamlets - truly back of beyond countryside excites you, then join us on this exciting, tough, yet hugely insightful drive on tracks and trails in the hinterland of Naga Land Besides the sheer geography and road, this land is also home to many forgotten tribes, quaint folk culture, exotic cuisine and more Log & Drum Naga Land is an offroader's delight, a cultural spectacle & a true-blue opportunity to return to the basics!

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Places to Visit in Kohima

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Tourist Places in Kohima

Here are some of the best places to visit in kohima:, kohima cathedral church.

Kohima Cathedral Church

The city of Kohima has a brutal history, and it is now working to make amends. This church, like the others in the city, stands out as a light of hope and peace. Following the Battle of Kohima, the Japanese contributed to the construction of this church in order to offer prayers in memory of their dear ones.

Kohima War Cemetery

Kohima War Cemetery

All history buffs should not miss the opportunity to visit the Kohima war cemetery, which was created in April 1944. Kohima War Cemetery is one of the must visit places to visit in kohima, which is well-kept with lush foliage, groomed flowers, and lawns, is dedicated to the 10,000 Allied soldiers who died during the Japanese invasion during World War II.

Kohima Botanical Garden

Kohima Botanical Garden

The Kohima Botanical Garden is a one-of-a-kind attraction and one of the top Kohima tourist places. Anyone will be mesmerised by the tremendous beauty of the flower garden. You may clear your thoughts, go for a walk, and revel in the wonderful weather. All of these factors combine to make the garden one of Nagaland's greatest leisure destinations. Due to its captivating surroundings, the entire garden appears to be coloured in green.

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Kohima Museum

Kohima Museum

Nagaland is a true mash-up of numerous ethnicities and one of the must visit Kohima tourist places! The Kohima Museum depicts the customs and culture of the state's diverse tribes. Many unusual artefacts from various tribes in the area can be found at the museum.

Puliebadze Jotsoma

Puliebadze Jotsoma

The Pulie Badze is one of the beautiful places to visit in kohima which is a nature sanctuary in the major catchment region in Kohima, including the Japfu Peak and Dzukou Valley as its two most notable features. Blyth's Tragopan and Dark Rumped Swift are two uncommon and endangered species that call this place home.

Kohima Mini Zoo

Kohima Mini Zoo

Kohima Zoo, one of the popular Kohima tourist places, is home to many notable species of flora and animals, is a popular tourist attraction in the Kohima district and attracts a huge number of visitors each year. This zoo is home to the uncommon tragopan bird, wild buffalo, golden langur, and other animals that live on huge swaths of green terrain.

Day Tour in Kohima

Mount Japfu

Mount Japfu

The top places to visit in Kohima include the Japfu mountain and Dzukou valley, which are part of the beauty that has earned Nagaland the nickname "Switzerland of the East." The Japfu mountain, at 3048 metres, is Nagaland's second highest peak, offering magnificent vistas and a challenging trek for adventure lovers.

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Naga Heritage Village Kohima

Naga Heritage Village Kohima

Naga Heritage Community in Kisama is a village on the outskirts of Kohima dedicated to preserving and promoting Naga culture and traditions. Kisama is a fusion of two Naga settlements, Kigwema (KI) and Phesama (SA) and MA, respectively (Village). The village was built by the government to resemble traditional Naga communities and tribal lifestyles and beliefs. During the Hornbill Festival in December, the town is available to the public for a week.

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  • 20 Best Places To Visit In Kohima In 2024 The Hilly Capital Of Nagaland!

Situated at a height of 1500 m above sea level, Kohima is serene, peaceful and beautiful in every sense. Kohima is an abode to the Kulkis and Naga tribe who are known for their independence and colorful culture. During the time of World War II, there was an intense 64 day-long battle against the Japanese army in Kohima, thus, this city has a special place in history. The Commonwealth War Cemetery which is home to thousands of dead soldiers of World War II is one of the most preferred places to visit in Kohima . Adorned with emerald forests, quaint hills and picturesque landscapes, Kohima is a go-to place for all the adventure enthusiasts who love trekking, hiking and camping.

20 Best Places To Visit In Kohima

Besides this, Kohima city offers a lot more to the visitors and there a series of places to visit in Kohima that will surely make your trip memorable. From temples to museums, there is a lot to explore in Kohima. Wait no more and dig into the list of the top places in Kohima. 

  • War Cemetery : Ideal For History Buffs
  • Japfu Peak & Dzukou Valley : Treat Your Eyes With Beauty
  • Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary : Explore The Flora & Fauna
  • Touphema Village : Admire The Natural Beauty
  • Heritage DC Bungalow : For A Luxurious Stay
  • Mary Help Of Christians Cathedral : Gape At The Architecture
  • Nagaland State Museum : Dig Into The Naga Culture
  • Shilloi Lake : See The Sky Reflection
  • Zoological Park Or The Kohima Zoo : Haven For Animal Lovers
  • Dzulekie : Camp In The Dense Forest
  • Kisama Heritage Village : Reviving Naga Traditions
  • Naga Bazaar : Get The Traditional Handicrafts
  • Khonoma Village : Admire The Prettiest Of Views
  • Ruzaphema Market : Shop Local Artifacts
  • Kohima Botanical Garden : A VAst Expanse Of Serenity
  • Jotsoma Village : Hike To This Place
  • Pulie Badze Wildlife Sanctuary: A Protected Zone
  • Sakhrie Park : Trash Turned Into Beauty
  • Rengma Church: Explore The Architecture
  • Tibetan Market: Take A Stroll Around The Shops

1. War Cemetery: Ideal For History Buffs

a well-maintained garden

All the history lovers wouldn’t want to miss the chance to visit the Kohima war cemetery that was built in the year April 1944. Well-kept with lush greenery, groomed flowers, and lawns, this cemetery is dedicated to the 10,000 Allied soldiers who lost their lives during the invasion of Japanese during World War II. Trekking can be much more adventurous and fun to reach this place which makes it one of the preferred places to visit in Kohima Nagaland.

The cemetery preserves 2 prominent crosses – the 1st states ‘Here, around the tennis court of the Deputy Commissioner lies men who fought in the battle of Kohima in which they and their comrades finally halted the invasion of India by the forces of Japan in April 1944’. The 2nd states ‘When you go home, tell them of us and say for your tomorrow, we gave our today’.

Best time to visit: Winters Location: Garrison Hill, around 1 km from Kohima

Must Read: Foreigners Can Now Travel To Nagaland, Mizoram & Manipur Without A Permit!

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2. Japfu Peak & Dzukou Valley: Treat Your Eyes With Beauty

kohima nagaland tourism

The Japfu peak and Dzukou valley are top tourist attractions in Kohima and are part of the landscape that gives Nagaland the name ‘Switzerland of the East’. The Japfu peak which is standing tall at 3048 m is the second largest peak of Nagaland that offers scenic views with a touch climb for adventure seekers. The charm of this peak is the Rhododendron tree of 109 ft which is the tallest in the world (as per the Guinness Book of Records). Interlocked with adjoined cities and villages, the Japfu looks like a canvas of emeralds with an added treat of subtropical vegetation and chirping hill birds.

The adventure lovers can climb this peak and admire the beauty of the Dzukou Valley – also known as the ‘Valley of Flowers’. When in complete bloom, the sight from here is truly heavenly to behold. At 2600 m, the highest point of Dzukou valley, the tourists can enjoy panoramic and enchanting views of the valley in front.

Best time to visit: June to September Location: Around 25 km from Kohima

Suggested Read: It Took 10 Years, 2000+ Workers & About 36 Crores To Build Asia’s Largest Church In Nagaland

3. Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary: Explore The Flora & Fauna

Wild Animal Picture

Sprawling over an area of 202.2km square, this home to varied species of wildlife is one of the best places to visit in Kohima. The vast area of equatorial forest is famous for semi-tropic vegetation, natural beauty, gorgeous valleys, camping sites, mountains is a treat to watch. You can experience the natural resplendence and see rare hoolock gibbon, monitor lizard, sloth bear, python, hornbill, golden langur and more in this sanctuary.

Best time to visit: November to February Location: Approximately 111 km from Kohima

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4. Touphema Village: Admire The Natural Beauty

Kohima, Nagaland

One of the most beautiful places to visit in Kohima city, this village allows you to experience and relax amidst the natural confinements of scenic beauty. This village is built in the Naga style by the local community which represents the rich cultural heritage of Nagaland in collaboration with the Tourism Department of Nagaland.

You can book a hut here in advance and explore the lifestyle and culture of Nagaland. Therefore, if you have the zeal of adventure in you, Touphema is one of the most exciting and beautiful places to visit in Kohima.

Best time to visit: All round the year Location: Approximately 34 km from Kohima

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5. Heritage DC Bungalow: For A Luxurious Stay

best beach homestay on the island

Another top tourist attractions in Kohima is the Heritage DC Bungalow which is known for its complaisant location. It was the Home of the Deputy Commissioner’s since bygone British era. Featuring only 3 rooms, this is one of the most ancient buildings in Kohima and is famous for its luxury and sheer resplendence. Peaceful and serene ambience with picturesque landscape and mesmerizing view of Kohima Town will make your stay a memorable one.

Best time to visit: All year round Location: Approximately 3.5 km from Kohima at the Officers’ Hill

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6. Mary Help Of Christians Cathedral: Gape At The Architecture

popular place of worship for christians

Known for its architectural beauty, this church is truly a wonder and the center of the Catholic Church of Nagaland, a semi-circular structure, it’s religious value is held very close by the people of Nagaland. Upholding the Naga culture, this church is popular and is home to the Diocese with the Armature Hill on one side. Also, the crucifix that stands tall at 16 feet is the biggest in Asia which makes this beauty one of the best places to visit in Kohima.

Best time to visit: October to May  Location: Approximately 4.2 km from Kohima

Suggested Read: 35 Exotic Places To Visit In December In India To Enjoy A Surreal Vacation!

7. Nagaland State Museum: Dig Into The Naga Culture

kohima nagaland tourism

Image source

Worth watching the evolution of Naga culture, the Nagaland State Museum is one of the major attractions of Kohima. This museum portrays the culture and traditions of the 16 tribal groups of Nagaland and holds many unique artifacts related to the same. The exhibited artifacts like clan motifs, dialect, colorful traditional dresses, and displays of practices and traditions makes it one of the perfect places to visit in Kohima.

Best time to visit: Winters Location: Approximately 1.5 km from Kohima, on the Bayou Hill

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8. Shilloi Lake: See The Sky Reflection

Boating At The Shilloi Lake

Offering splendid views to the visitors, this beauteous lake is located in the core of the Patkai range. Surrounded by a verdant valley from all sides, the foot-shaped Shilloi lake is 4 meters deep. The folks of the Latsum village consider this lake very holy and important, it is believed that the spirit of a holy child rests in the bottom of the lake. Therefore, fishing is not practiced here and the water is not used for irrigation and drinking. Don’t miss the opportunity of experiencing the beauty of the largest natural lake in Nagaland.

Best time to visit: November to April Location: Approximately 69 km from Kohima

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9. Zoological Park Or The Kohima Zoo: Haven For Animal Lovers

Nehru Zoological Park in Hyderabad

Home to prominent species of flora and fauna, this zoo is a great point of interest in the district of Kohima and visited by a large number of tourists every year. Spread over vast acres of green land, this zoo is home to the rare tragopan bird, wild buffalo, golden langur, and more. Interestingly, every animal in this zoo roam freely and is not caged.

The adventure lovers can also enjoy a number of activities here like bird watching, nature trips, jungle safari, camping and trekking. Located on the slope of a hill this zoo also serves as the best picnic spot and definitely one among the most liked tourist places in Kohima.

Best time to visit: All round the year Location: Approximately 6.5 km from Kohima

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10. Dzulekie: Camp In The Dense Forest

Dzulekie

Image Source Counted among the top places to visit in Kohima is Dzulekie. If you are the kind of person who likes to explore quaint places then you must visit Dzulekie. The place is surrounded by dense forests with a stream flowing through a narrow gorge which makes this place a magical one. You will find a different species of pheasant which goes by the name Blythe’s Tragopan along with Mithuns and Bisons.

Best time to visit: October to April  Location: 40 km west of Kohima

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11. Kisama Heritage Village: Reviving Naga Traditions

Kisama Heritage Village

Image Source If ever wanted a true Naga feel then you must visit Kisama Heritage Village which is one of the top places to see in Kohima . This is the same place where the famous Hornbill Festival is celebrated every year. Both this village and all the festivals in Nagaland are efforts towards reviving the otherwise hidden culture. You will find their way of living, celebrating, cooking, hunting, and many other things to do in Kohima .

Best time to visit: December to February Location: Kisama, Kohima, India

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12. Naga Bazaar: Get The Traditional Handicrafts

Naga Market

Image Source How can a trip to Kohima be complete without going out for shopping and exploring the place for trading livestock? You will find different kinds of food items here that go in the Naga cuisine. While exploring this place, you will find several women dressed up in traditional Naga clothes that are selling handicrafts, fishery products, and poultry. So, make sure that you visit the Naga Bazaar as it is one of the top tourist places in Kohima .

Best time to visit: All year round Location: Kohima, Nagaland

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13. Khonoma Village: Admire The Prettiest Of Views

Khonomo Village

Image Source Here is Khonoma Village which is included in the list of the top places to see in Kohima . It is popular as the last base of the Naga warriors who continuously rebelled the British Empire. You can also visit the highest point of this village where you will be welcomed by a traditionally carved gate. Moreover, the terraces of the hills here are used to cultivate 20 different kinds of paddy.

Best time to visit: November to March Location: Nagaland

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14. Ruzaphema Market: Shop Local Artifacts

Nagaland State Museum

Ruzaphema Market becomes one of the top tourist places in Kohima to visit.  The local people – also known as Nagas are also popular for preserving their ancient heritage and culture. Such is the case with Ruzaphema, which is located 5 km away from Kohima. It is popular as a prime shopping destination of Nagaland where you can experience the booming handicrafts and cottage industry. The colorful bazaars sell a wide variety of Naga artifacts. The market is close to some of the best hotels in Kohima .

Best time to visit: October to March Location: Ruzaphema Market, Kohima, Nagaland 797004

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15. Kohima Botanical Garden: A Vast Expanse Of Serenity

Phobjikha flowers valley

An attraction of its own kind, the Kohima Botanical Garden is one of the best places to visit in Kohima. The flower garden has an immense beauty that will mesmerize anyone. You can refresh your mind, take a stroll and enjoy the immense pleasure of the climate. All these make the garden one of the best recreational places to visit in Nagaland . You won’t even realize how quickly you’ve spent 2-3 hours admiring the beauty of the garden.

Best time to visit: October to May Location: New Minister’s Hill, Nagaland 797001

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16. Jotsoma Village: Hike To This Place

Places to visit in nagaland

A scenic destination lying in the hills of Kohima is the Jotsoma village. Hiking to this village is absolutely breathtaking and essential for you to be introduced to the beauty of Nagaland. Jotsoma is a quaint place, you can visit the Doordarshan Kendra,  a water reservoir and the famous Mt Puliebadze is clearly visible. With a population not exceeding 3000 people, it is one of most quiet places in Nagaland. 

Best time to visit: June to September Location: Jotsoma, Kohima, Nagaland 797002

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17. Pulie Badze Wildlife Sanctuary: A Protected Zone

Pulie Badze Wildlife Sanctuary

The wildlife sanctuary is an important catchment area in Kohima whose 2 main important features include the Japfu Peak and Dzukou valley. The place is a habitat for some rare and endangered species like the Blyth’s Tragopan and Dark Rumped Swift. The valley harbors some of the most beautiful flowering plants that contribute to the overall appeal to one of the scenic wildlife sanctuaries in Nagaland .

Best time to visit: October to February Location:  Kohima, Nagaland 797002

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18. Sakhrie Park: Trash Turned Into Beauty

IMFA park

It is now a beautiful park which with the government and people’s efforts has been converted into a recreational zone (once a trash place). The Sakhrie park is one of the best places to visit in Kohima for youngsters or if you are a family visiting Kohima with kids. In fact, over the years, it has attracted everyone from young to old. The old can be seen doing meditation and other recreational activities mostly. The place is equipped with flowers and cactuses ,vintage park benches and playing areas for kids. Some of the best homestays in Kohima are located near the park.

Best time to visit: October to March Location: Kohima-Mokokchung Rd, A.G. Colony, Kohima, Nagaland 797005

19. Rengma Church: Explore The Architecture

Rengma Church

Image Credit: Author Name for Wikimedia Commons Disclaimer: The image is for representation purposes only.

There are many churches in Kohima and one of the most popular ones is the Rengma one. The church is located in Dimapur and is a very well-preserved community by the people of Naglanad. The people here are very welcoming and you will surely have a great time here, studying the old school type paintings. The church can be reached easily using the local highway and you will be getting cabs and local transport to this destination as well. The structure has been standing tall for a considerable period of time and can be said to be one of the most popular places on Kohima.

Best Time To Visit: Throughout the year. Location: Nyamo, Lotha Colony, Dimapur, Nagaland 797112 Entry Fee: Free Time Required: 30 mins during masses. Ideal Duration: 30-45 minutes.

20. Tibetan Market: Take A Stroll Around The Shops

Tibetan Market

A destination is also defined by the number of souvenirs one can acquire from there. The Tibetan market located in Kohima is ideal for shopping winter clothing, gift items, etc. The souvenirs that you will find here are very unique and you will be more than impressed with the things that you will be getting here including old paintings, hand made structure, figurines, etc. It is located along the national highway and can be reached quite easily using local transport.

Best Time To Visit: Throughout the year. Location: NH 61, Kohima, Nagaland 797001 Entry Fee: Free Time Required: NA. Ideal Duration: 25-30 mins.

Further Read: 43 Places To Visit When Travelling To North East

If you are planning a holiday to someplace than usual where you can feel at home away from home, then, Kohima is the one. Relive the elegance of simplicity and admire the natural beauty in Kohima that is far from the hustle-bustle of the city. Here are the best places to visit in Kohima on your next trip to Nagaland to get lost in the beauty of this picturesque northeastern state.

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Frequently Asked Questions About Places To Visit In Kohima

What is famous in Kohima?

Kohima is one of the most famous places in Nagaland and clearly there is a lot that you can do here. Kohima is known for many beautiful sites, one of the most famous ones is the Commonwealth War Cemetery, the final resting place of soldiers killed during World War II.

Why is Hornbill festival celebrated in Nagaland?

Held at Naga Village, the Hornbill festival is celebrated to protect and revive the rich culture of Nagaland and also display its traditions and extravaganza. Other than this, there are many other festivals that are held quite frequently in Kohima.

What should I buy in Kohima?

You can buy tons of items in Kohima starting from souvenirs to daily essentials. Basketry, woodcraft, woven crafts, pottery, beadwork, metal work, jewelry, traditional attire and Naga jewelry are a few famous things that you can take away from Kohima.

How do I get to Japfu peak?

You can reach Japfu Peak from the closest transit points or via cabs or via taxis from Dimapur. Another way of reaching here is via trekking from Kohima. Kohima oftentimes provides visitors with trekking opportunities as well.

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States › Nagaland › Kohima Travel Guide

Kohima Travel Guide

The gateway to Nagaland, Dimapur is an irresistible part of Northeast, and a must-visit travel places. Dimapur in Naga means the ‘the city near a great river.’ With Dhansiri River on one side, and wooden meadows flanking the other, Dimapur was the former capital of the Kachari tribe, traces of which can be seen even today. And that the reason why here one can find many temples, and monuments. Apart from archeologist tracing its intriguing past, the place remains thronged with business travelers due to its commercial centers. There are many starlit attractions in the Dimapur like Zoological Park, Ao Baptist Church, Diezephe Craft Village, Nagaland Science Centre, Green Park yet its main highlights remains handicrafts and handlooms.

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Travel Information

How to Reach Kohima

How to Reach Kohima

Best Time to Visit Kohima

Best Time to Visit Kohima

Kohima Tourist Map

Kohima Tourist Map

Kohima sightseeing tour & holiday packages.

Nagaland Tribal Tour

Nagaland Tribal Tour

Hornbill Festival Tour

Hornbill Festival Tour

Nagaland Cultural Tour

Nagaland Cultural Tour

Dzukou Valley Trek

Dzukou Valley Trek

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An Insight into Kohima Tourism

Amidst the hills, and barely known forest nestles the capital city of Nagaland - Kohima. Standing tall at an elevation of 1500 meters, Kohima was primarily highlighted on India Tourism map during the World War 2 for the decisive battle that was fought here between India, and Japan. Originally, it was known as Kewhira, when British Empire established their headquarters in 1878. It officially became the capital after the state of Nagaland was inaugurated in 1963. Currently, it is a prominent hilly hamlet of Nagaland that can easily match the standards of all prime hill stations of NorthEast.

One can see the traces of Nagaland since 1840. The British tried to invade the Naga territory with a purpose to make an army camp Initially, the local Naga people were resistant as they were never overpowered by anyone, then after 40 years the British managed to capture its 10,000 square kilometers, leaving behind the Eastern region. In 1944, a war between England, and Japan was fought here, one can see the glimpses of all these events in its all travel places. Later in 1963, it was christened as the capital city of Nagaland.

When it comes to the best places to see on the Nagaland tour, the first place that comes to our mind will be War Cemetery, the final resting ground of the soldiers who lost their lives in the England- Japan war. An inscription at the base of one the two large crosses here reads,' When you go to home tell them of us and say, For your tomorrow, we gave our today.' Overlooking the cemetery, there's Cathedral of Reconciliation; built in 1965, and partly funded by the Japanese government. Another fascinating tourism place in Kohima is State Museum. Located right in the north of the bazaar, the state museum exhibits the excellent anthropological collection of Naga mask, textiles, jewelry, and totem pillars from all the 16 Naga tribes.

Catholic Church on Aradura Hill, which happens to be the largest wooden cross in the country; Kohima Zoo, home to Tragopan bird, and the state animal, the wild buffalo; Night market that sells souvenirs, street food and toys for children, and Deputy Commissioner’s Bungalow are worth an explore too over a holiday in Nagaland.

Daredevils too have many reasons to visit Kohima. This top travel destination in India is close to Mt Japfu, the second highest peak in Nagaland, and Dzukou Valley, Nagaland’s valley of flowers. Travelers often stop at the base of these travel destinations to trek, and lay their eyes on the amazing varieties of lilies and rhododendrons, apart from several bird species.

As fascinating as the attractions are the colorful people of Nagaland. If interested in knowing the whereabouts of these tribes, two villages of Nagaland should be explored. One is Bara Basti, as settlement of Angami Naga tribe, located on the hill overlooking the town. Another one too is an Angami Naga village but a modernized one - Khonoma. The villages here known for their unique agriculture skills- growing 30 varieties of rice on terraced paddy fields.

The best time to go for a holiday in Kohima would be the winters, and monsoon as this is when one can see when the weather is good enough to go for sightseeing trips. Summers is just the perfect time to go for a trekking. Also due to its closeness to Dimapur, Kohima is easily approachable for tourist. For an upcoming vacation in Northeast, if you want to consider Kohima as a part of the trip then don’t forget to see the travel guides at Tour My India that will help to design the perfect trip. Our services are just not limited to the guide, we have travel experts who can design the perfect Nagaland Tour Package for you.

Top Things to Do & Places to See in Kohima

Kohima is the capital city of Nagaland, thus here one can find many things to do like shopping; visiting handful of attractions, and historical places, and taking part in colorful festivals. Tourists should try to time their visit with the Hornbill Festival where 16 Naga tribes showcase their culture at Kisama Village. If having extra time at disposal, do go for a long trek to Dzukou Valley, approximately 74 kilometers from Kohima. Avoid a trip to Kohima around Sunday as mostly attractions remain closed.

Japfu Peak, Kohima

Japfu Peak Kohima

Heritage DC Bungalow, Kohima

Heritage DC Bungalow Kohima

Touphema Village, Kohima

Touphema Village Kohima

Dzukou Valley, Kohima

Dzukou Valley Kohima

Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary, Kohima

Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary Kohima

Catholic Church, Kohima

Catholic Church Kohima

Naga Heritage Village, Kohima

Naga Heritage Village Kohima

Kohima Museum, Nagaland

Kohima Museum Nagaland

Kohima War Cemetery, Nagaland

Kohima War Cemetery Nagaland

Kohima Botanical Garden, Nagaland

Kohima Botanical Garden Nagaland

Best hotels to stay in and around kohima.

When on a trip to Kohima, don't need to worry about the accommodation options. Mid-service hotels, vacation rentals, and services apartments, there are many hotels available in Kohima designed for smart business travelers seeking hassle-free and contemporary experiences.

The Blue Bayou, Kohima

The Blue Bayou

Hotel Vivor, Kohima

Hotel Vivor

The Heritage Hotel, Kohima

The Heritage

Cimorb Hotel, Kohima

Cimorb Hotel

Top things to do on your holiday to nagaland.

Fairs & Festivals Nagaland

Fairs & Festivals

Pilgrimage in Nagaland

Pilgrimage in Nagaland

Wildlife in Nagaland

Wildlife in Nagaland

Adventure Tourism in Nagaland

Adventure Tourism in Nagaland

Hill Stations in Nagaland

Hill Stations in Nagaland

Folk Dance Nagaland

Folk Dance Nagaland

Cuisines of Nagaland

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Top 5 Places To Visit In Kohima

The capital of Nagaland, Kohima is one of the most beautiful and fascinating places to visit. Situated at a height of 1500 meters, Kohima is endowed with picturesque landscapes. Enclosed by lush green hills and forests, Kohima makes an ideal place for trekking, camping and hiking. Kohima derived its name from a wild flower named ‘Kew Hi’ which is found in the mountains of Nagaland. Here are the top 5 places to visit in Kohima :

1. Japfu Peak

Towering at a height of 3048 meters above sea level, Japfu Peak is crowned as the second highest peak in Nagaland. Situated at 15 km south of Kohima, this peak is a paradise for trekking lovers and attracts numerous visitors throughout the year. The trekking experience up to Japfu Peak is a breathtaking experience. The panoramic view of the valley from the top of the peak is a treat for photography connoisseurs. The entire valley of Japfu Peak is covered with lush green forest and wild flowers. This peak is a refuge to the 130 ft tall giant Rhododendron tree, one of the tallest tress of the world. With mist covered forests and splendid scenic beauty, Japfu is one of the best places to visit in Kohima . October to May is the best time to plan a holiday trip to the Japfu Peak, Kohima.

2. Dzükou Valley

dzukou-valley

Photo by Mongyamba , CC BY-SA 3.0

If you dreamt of walking through picturesque valleys covered with exotic wild flowers, encircled by mystic green hills, Dzukou valley is the right place for you. Located at a height of nearly 8000ft above sea level-just behind Japfu peak, the splendid Dzükou valley offers one of the best trekking experiences. The entire valley gets covered with variety of multi-colored flowers like euphorbia, rhododendrons, aconitum, and lilies in spring. Popularly known as the ‘The Valley of Flower’, Dzükou derives its name from a Mao word that means ice cold water. The valley has several seamlessly flowing streams of water that freezes in winter. Located nearly 30 km away from Kohima, this valley has enriched flora and fauna, natural caves and green forests, making it an ideal destination for camping. The best time to visit the beautiful valley is June to September. With its emerald green hills, dense forest, swirling streams and tranquility, Dzükou makes a must visit holiday destination in Kohima.

3. War Cemetery

war-cemetery1

Photo by PP Yoonus , CC BY-SA 3.0

If you are interested in history, a visit to the Kohima War Cemetery will be a worthwhile experience for you. This cemetery is dedicated to the 1,420 soldiers who sacrificed their lives during the Second World War against the Japanese. During the war, these brave hearts had heroically blocked the Japanese soldiers at the border of India. This cemetery is located near Kohima city centre, on the northern side of Imphal-Dimapur highway. The cemetery is open for visitors on weekdays. The Kohima War Cemetery is maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

4. Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary

Situated at a distance of 37 km from Dimapur, the Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary conserves several rare species of plants, birds and animals like barking deer, flying squirrel, mithun (gayal), wild dog, sloth bear, tiger etc. Spread over an area of 200 sq km, Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary is surrounded with lush green forest and mountains. The main attraction of this forest is Hoolock Gibbon, the only species of ape found in India. Though the forest can be visited anytime of the year, the best time to make a trip to Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary is from November to February. Besides, various types of animals you can find rare species of birds like hornbill, Green Pigeon, black stork etc in this forest.

5. Khonoma Village

Located just 20 km away from Kohima, Khonoma is a small village that bears the remembrance of the enriched heritage and cultural legacy of Nagaland. This Angami tribe village holds an important place in the history of Nagaland. The brave warriors of Nagaland who had fought with invaders to protect their motherland, used to live at Khonoma village. The traditional entrance gate of Khonoma speaks about the sacrifice of the villagers to save their land from the foreign intruders. You can find several memorials in the village built in the honor of those fighters who sacrificed their lives for the betterment of the village. Surrounded by dense green mountains and endowed with scenic beauty, this village attracts tourists across the world. Every tourist spot of Khonoma reflects the old glory of Nagaland.

Kohima is one of the few places that are still untouched from the modern commercialization and human activities. With all its amazing panorama, gushing streams, exotic wildlife and picturesque valleys, Kohima is undoubtedly one of the best places to visit in Nagaland .

Don’t Miss These Tourist Destinations In Nagaland:

  • Top Tourist Places In Dimapur
  • Top Tourist Places In Kiphire
  • Top Tourist Places In Longleng

About Rohit

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1 thought on “Top 5 Places To Visit In Kohima”

Dzukou valley is popularly known as ‘Valley of Flowers of Northeast’ not ‘valley of flowers’. Original ‘Valley of Flowers’ is located in Uttarakhand.

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Although originally an Angami Naga homeland, Kohima is now home for all the Nagas because of its administrative status. Kohima city has also gone through dark days during the Second World War when the allied forces fought a very bloody but victorious battle against the Japanese. A war cemetery has been built in the heart of the city where the battle took place, in order to honour the memories of the British and Indian soldiers.

Kohima also contains a number of villages that tourists can visit. All these villages are ‘communitised’ and managed by the village communities under the state’s Village Tourism Board.

Mary Help of Christians Cathedral

The Cathedral is located at Aradura Hill in Kohima. Its splendid architecture makes it one of the important landmarks of Kohima. The 16 feet high carved wood crucifix is one of Asia’s largest crosses.

Dzukou Valley

Dzukou is the lesser known (but no less beautiful and bio-diverse) valley of flowers in India after Nandan Kanan in Uttarakhand at an altitude of 2438.4m. Rivulets, flowers, herbs and shrubs constitute the vibrancy of this valley. Dzukou offers some of the best trekking circuits in the country, while housing ‘communitised’ villages along the way.

Jotsoma Nature Conservation and Eco Tourism (JNCET)

Jotsoma Conserved Forest Area is a vast area of virgin forest with rich bio-resources providing an invaluable environmental and ecological services for the people living downstream, the main source of spring water supply to the capital city, Kohima,the place is well connected by road, trekking paths through the woods and Rhododendron groves with beautiful quotes welcome visitors to this unique place. The area consists of a good numbers of places of interest such as: Alwan Snow Trout: Large head with obtuse snout, studded with pores, mouth inferior, lips thick, body coloured with steel grey, becomes gradually lighter below, found in the River Dzuna, Dzülakie, Chokla, Tepuiki, Tesuru,Tizu and Zungki two New Species of Frogs namely;Rana Nagalandsis,Megophrys Dzünarü. The Wonderful Swallow’s Home: A home for Swallow bird’s which is found in plenty. The Invisible underground water sounds: An incredible place where one can hear the gentle sounds of water flowing underneath the rock cave.

Nagi’s Resort

A good picnic and meeting spot, located on a hilltop with a magnificent view and neighbouring Villages and part of Kohima City.

Lover’s Paradise

An excellent place where couple’s spend quality time candidly, enjoying the serenity of nature, watching the birds chirping. The place is set on solid giant rock, moreover Rhododendron flower add more beauty to its spot. Variety of Wild Fruits such an upcoming preferred research location for various medicinal plants etc.

Puliebadze Wildlife Sanctuary

The Majestic Mt. Puliebadze- Pulie is the legendary ancestor of Jotsoma Village after whom Puliebadze is named. One best view point to see the DC Bungalow, Tennis Court, Summer House Hill, Kuki Picquet, FSD Ridge,DIS Spur, Jail Hill, Pimple Hill, Congress Hill and also the capital city Kohima..A home for Tragopan Bird, the State Bird. Located just a few kilometers from Kohima, in Jotsoma Village, Pulie Badze Wildlife Sanctuary is known for its wide variety of birds like Tragopan Blythii and white- naped Yuhina. It covers an area of 9.23 sq. km. Mt. Puliebadze has a height of 7532 ft . It is surrounded by green pastures, hills and streams. This Sanctuary is rich in floral species and contains many medicinal plants and varieties of bamboo. Pulie Badze is a very appealing place for sightseeing. The motor-able approach is from near Sazolie College beyond Science College, Jotsoma, and fascinating vistas can be seen as one drives through thick forested areas. Before the start of the trekking route, there is a spot with a rest house where one can take a breather or have picnics. Here, the view of the Japfu range is simply breathtaking and highly recommended for people who want a short get-away from Kohima. The walking trails to Pulie Badze peak starts from here and it takes about 30-60 minutes of trekking to reach it. This trek is never dull due to the varieties of plants, orchids and trees that can be seen on the way.

Khonoma Green Village

Located 20 km west of Kohima, in west Angami country, Khonoma was a vanguard village of the Angami Nagas – a tribe known for its fierce resistance against British dominance during colonial period. Khonoma houses nature’s pristine beauty in the form of its alder trees, terraces carved out of its hilly slopes and the Khonoma Nature Conservation Tragopan Sanctuary (KNCTS). KNCTS conserves a large and rare variety of plants and animals within its 25 sq km area.

Dzulekie is a picturesque village situated relatively close to Kohima, but yet untouched by the rigors of modern civilization. Dzulekie, with its small population of Angamis presents an ideal location for visitors to get a feel of rural life in Nagaland. With its quaint houses and beautifully laid out stone walkways and surrounded by forests and rice fields, Dzulekie provides an opportunity to experience village life and also enjoy nature in its relatively pristine form. The village itself is small enough to walk around. It offers opportunities to observe firsthand Angami culture through the making of bamboo and cane baskets, weaving of cloth, traditional games and tasting local cuisine. The semi evergreen forests offer opportunities for bird and butterfly watching; nature walks and trekking.

Tuophema Tourist Village

Located 41 km from Kohima, the Tuophema Tourist Village is modeled around ethnic tourism and visitors are offered modern and hygienic accommodation in the traditional huts. Served everything from rice beer to local food, tourists experience fine local culture in these pretty settings.

The jewel of this 3048m high peak is the tallest (over 109 ft) Rhododendron tree in the world (as recorded by the Guinness Book of Records), besides it being the second highest peak of Nagaland. Located only 15 km south of Kohima, Japfü offers a tough yet scenic climb for the adventurous.

An ancient migration route of many Naga tribes heading northwards looking for new settlements and cultivation grounds, Tseminyu is the home of the Rengma. Old sites of abandoned villages with remains of gravestones, broken pottery etc tell tales of its ancient inhabitants. These offer perfect sites for archaeological tourism and preservation, but time is short for such activities because every cycle of the scenic Jhum (terrace) cultivation deletes a slice of this heritage.

Tours & Experiences in Kohima

Naga Tribal Food

Home Cooking Class – Culinary Experience in Kohima

kohima nagaland tourism

Camping with the Nagas

Kohima Tourism

Photographer’s Delight (Kohima Sunrise)

Khonoma Village

Khonoma Day Trip

Naga Food

Kohima Day Trip

Dzukou Valley Treking

Dzukou Valley Trek & Campsite Yedikha

Touring

Dimapur Airport and Kohima (Large)

kohima nagaland tourism

The Way of the Naga

kohima nagaland tourism

Hornbill Festival: Become One with the Naga

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Things to Do in Kohima, India - Kohima Attractions

Things to do in kohima, explore popular experiences, ways to tour kohima.

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Oddessemania to dzukou valley

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kohima nagaland tourism

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Cultural & theme tours, top attractions in kohima.

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1. Kohima War Cemetery

kohima nagaland tourism

2. Kisama Heritage Village

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3. Naga Heritage Village

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4. Kohima Museum

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5. Catholic Church

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6. Dzuleke Village

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7. Japfu Peak

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8. Pulie Badze

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9. Naga Bazzar

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10. Shilloi Lake

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11. Tibetan Market

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12. AZ Phizo Memorial

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14 Nagaland Tourist Places: Home to Indigenous Tribes, Valleys and Mysteries of Culture

by Riya Jogi on November 7, 2023

With drums, beats and the tribal dance, Nagaland is such a beauty!

kohima nagaland tourism

Far away in the North Eastern land of India blooms the vibrant state of Nagaland. The destination is known to be the home of several distinctive tribes of India. Every village has its own customs and traditional practices allowing you to experience the true essence of tribal tourism. As you plan to visit the state, make sure to check the top Nagaland tourist places to navigate through the valleys and lush green paths. So, get ready to meet the warriors, hunters and tribes who are all into sustainable living! 

14 Tranquil Nagaland Tourist Places are – 

Welcome to the world of greenery, different tribal settlements and rural tourism. Kohima is one of the top-rated Nagaland tourist places known for its beauty. Being the capital city of the state, it attracts tourists from all around the world. 

Check out one of the best Nagaland Tourist Places

You can find authentic homestays and experience the true Nagaland culture at Kohima. Kohima is characterized for providing an overview of the state with museums, festivals and lifestyle. The city is home to many wildlife sanctuaries, lakes and a few peaks where you can get all adventurous!

Places to Visit: Kohima War Cemetery, Kisama Heritage Village, State Museum, Japfu Peak, Shilloi Lake, Kohima Cathedral and Kohima Zoo.

Are you ready to explore one of the renowned Nagaland tourist places? Known to be the largest city in the state, Dimapur offers a soothing blend of culture, nature and heritage. It is known for its historic Kachari Ruins and stories of the war. 

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Due to its topography and climate, Dimapur makes a perfect home to forest reserves too. For all art and science enthusiasts, Dimapur has villages where you can witness the fusion of scientific techniques and craftsmanship. It is indeed a pleasure to connect with locals and learn about their everyday life.

Places to Visit: Kachari Ruins, Rangapahar Forest Reserve, Diezephe Craft Village, Nagaland Science Centre and Triple Falls.

3. Mokokchung

How can you miss visiting the cultural capital of Nagaland? Mokokchung is one of the best Nagaland tourist places to witness the lifestyle of the Ao Naga tribes. The village is inhabited by Ao Nagas who are known for their distinctive customs and traditions. 

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The town is home to many small villages where locals engage in weaving and basket making. If you wish to buy souvenirs, Mokokchung is the best place to source unique Naga shawls. Walk through the village and you’ll be a part of a plethora of interesting conversations with locals.

Places to Visit: Longkhum Village, Mopungchuket Village and Dikhu River 

Step into the zone of tranquility and greenery as Khonoma welcomes you with all the serene vibes. Being famous for its rural tourism, Khonoma is best known for its rice paddy cultivation. You can also learn about nature conservation and sustainable living. 

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It is one of the renowned Nagaland tourist places inhabited by the Angami tribe. With a fusion of history, culture and adventure, Khonoma is ideal for travellers from all walks of life. Also, you can find a few homestays with zero networks so, prepare accordingly. 

Places to Visit: Khonoma Fort, Khonoma Nature Conservation and Tragopan Sanctuary,  G H Damant Tomb Monument and Morungs.

KHONOMA VILLAGE: A SURREAL DESTINATION IN THE HILLS OF NAGALAND

Mon is a pretty little town nestled in the heart of Nagaland. Right from the sprawling landscapes to lovely people, Mon is a great place to unwind from the chaos. Did you know it is one of the unique Nagaland tourist places where you can also visit Myanmar? 

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Oh yes, Longwa Village in Mon shares the border with Myanmar where villagers peacefully coexist. Konyak Naga Tribe is majorly found in Mon. The town is featured for iconic Naga structures of the houses, spiritual practices and breathtaking valley views.

Places to Visit: Nagaland Baptist Church, Phuktong Village, Veda Peak, Longwa Village and Chui Village. 

6. Tuensang

Dive into history and art in the Tuensang district. It is one of the lesser explored Nagaland tourist places. You can truly understand what it is to live in Nagaland by observing the cultural practices here. The place has tricky terrains, a serene atmosphere and ancient remnants. 

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Locals here engage in jewellery making and other handicrafts. You can buy some exclusive souvenirs including tribal accessories and hand-woven shawls. Since it is not heavily commercialized, you can get the real feeling of staying in a hassle-free environment.

Places to Visit: The Living Stones of Tuensang, Tsadang and Noklak Village.

7. Dzukou Valley

You must have seen several valleys but not the one that settles in your heart only to stay there forever! Dzukou Valley in Nagaland is located between Manipur and Kohima. If you are a thrill seeker, trek upwards and you are sure to meet mesmerizing sunsets.

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Moreover, Dzukou Valley is removed to welcome wildflowers and thick vegetation as per different seasons. Imagine the joy of viewing the dazzling sun making its way through the goofy clouds. Most travellers love the silent disturbances, lifelessness and utter tranquillity as the valley opens its way for hodophiles! 

8. Naga Heritage Village 

Nagaland tourist places are simply endless with little settlements and unexplored villages. So, to explore it all, you can visit the famous Naga Heritage village . Located close to Kohima, this village is a major tourist attraction showcasing the ethnic, cultural and art of tribes of the state. 

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This village has 16 different houses displaying tribes and their distinctive practices. Moreover, the village hosts the renowned Hornbill festival making it a prime location for locals. Photography every spot because you’ll not find such a fusion of traditions elsewhere!

Places to Visit: World War II Museum, Bamboo Heritage Hall, Horti-Scape and Bamboo Pavilion.

HORNBILL FESTIVAL: A GLIMPSE INTO NAGALAND’S RICH CULTURAL HISTORY AND DIVERSITY

9. Zunheboto

A paradisical experience awaits you in Zunheboto! In the heart of Nagaland is the town of Zunheboto where you can find multiple Rhododendron trees. Located at a higher altitude, it is one of the ideal places to visit in Nagaland during the winter. 

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Due to its location, Zunheboto is home to distinctive birds, animals and flora beauties. The Sumi Tribe resides in this town and you can witness their warrior attitude with the architecture of houses. Make sure to be a part of their happening dance celebrations and cultural events.

Places to Visit: Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary, Ghosu Bird Sanctuary, Aizuto Lake and Satoi Range 

10. Touphema Village  

We are talking about everything ancient and historical when you step into the Touphema Village . It is one of the oldest Nagaland tourist places where you can witness traditionally built houses. While the village is not commercialized, you can enjoy a tranquil time. 

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The joy of listening to your thoughts and staying in tiny huts is indeed a great part of rural tourism. As you dive into the rustic feel, make sure to enjoy the bonfire at night. Engage with locals with sips of rice beer only to get the real Nagaland booze!

Places to Visit: Puliebadze and Razhu Point 

11. Pfutsero

It is now time to relax and rejuvenate in this pretty town of Nagaland. Pfutsero is located at an elevation of 7000 feet making it a surreal place. You can immerse in the beauty of hills and valleys right from the open lands here. 

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The town is known for its terrace paddy cultivation so you can literally watch the layers of greenery from the top. Chakhesang Naga shawls are popularly made by the locals in the town. You can also attend the Pfutsero Summer Festival to understand the town’s authentic culture. Additionally, the town also has amazing trekking options.

Places to Visit: Dzudu Lake, Chakhesang Shawl Weaving Center and Glory Peak

RURAL TOURISM: YOUR GUIDE TO AUTHENTIC VILLAGE LIFESTYLE IN INDIA

Are you ready to immerse in the rich culture of Nagaland? Wokha is an unexplored destination offering picturesque landscapes. It sure is magical to witness different tribes and learn about their different customs. Wokha is one of the lesser-known Nagaland tourist places but don’t forget about its mesmerizing side! 

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It is home to some of the finest Naga villages hosting vibrant festivals. Moreover, the proximity to nature allows Wokha to be a prime destination for various birds and animals. Top your experience with authentic local dishes and you’re all set to embrace this journey!

Places to Visit: Doyang River, Mount Tyi, Amur Falcon Roosting Site and Totsu Wozhu Lake.

13. Longleng

Longleng is a beautiful district in the state of Nagaland. It is inhabited by the Phom Naga tribe known for their distinctive ceremonies and festivals. If you are a fan of riding on tricky terrains, Longleng is the perfect place. It is a mountainous region hence you can find various trekking expeditions. 

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Along with this, it is one of the famous Nagaland tourist places for its flora and fauna. Known as the land of clouds, you are certain to immerse in the unmissable views of blues and greens.

Places to Visit: Lephong Village, Longleng Village Baptist Church, Pongo Village and Bhumnyu Village 

Nagaland is home to many villages where each one practices different customs and celebrations. Benreu is one of the unexplored Nagaland tourist places known for its Pauna mountain range. It calls all adventure enthusiasts for trekking and riding experiences. 

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Inhabited by the Zeliang Tribe, Benreu Village welcomes you to spend time with locals and try their cuisine. Be a part of their traditional dance and you are certain to create a lifelong memory. Birdwatching is also a thing here so make sure to carry your binoculars.

Places to Visit: Mountain Pauna and local homes.

Nagaland tourist places truly inspire you to get away from the chaos and hear yourself amidst the valleys. With the best places to visit in Nagaland, allow yourself to learn, rejuvenate, exchange ideas and immerse in dreamlike experiences.

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Khonoma village: Complete guide to the green village!

Last Updated on August 8, 2023 by asoulwindow

Table of Contents

About Khonoma Village

Khonoma, known as Asia’s first green village is best known for eco-tourism and its historical battles with British in past. The strong community ties, rich history, profound tales of valour, the unusual conservation effort and proximity with nearby Kohima, the capital of Nagaland makes Khonoma a wonderful tourist destination in North East India. Where is Khonoma village? Khonoma is located in Nagaland near Assam in North East India.

Here is a detailed travel guide on how to spend a day in Khonoma Green Village. This is the most comprehensive travel guide to Khonoma in Nagaland ever. I have written this travelogue on Khonoma based on my own travel experience here. This exhaustive guide will help you plan your trip to Khonoma. Here is all about Khonoma. Do share this report writing on Khonoma village with your friend and family.

Landscape of Khonoma Green Village

Khonoma is blessed with abundant natural beauty. The uncontaminated sub-alpine evergreen community forest from the hillsides made for a grand spectacle when I visited Khonoma with my friends after the annual Hornbill festival of Nagaland .

Set amidst sylvan surroundings, Khonoma is one of the most pristine places I have visited in North East India. It was a visual delight when I walked on the neatly laid out path along the slopes of this tiny hamlet. From steep pathways to gentle slopes and rugged hillsides, the terrain of Khonoma, I found out is varied.

Whether it is the undulating terraced ochre coloured paddy fields, awe inspiring scenery, the ruins of a historical fort, fluttering butterflies, exotic birds or abundant wildflowers, Khonoma is that secret place in Nagaland few told you about! Located on a ridge, Khonoma is a very charming village.

In this compact Khonoma travel guide, I have listed all sightseeing places and the top things to do here. The Scenic Khonoma village is a must-visit. Here is why!

Khonoma: Asia’s first Green Village

  • Which is Asia’s first green village?
  • What is a green village?
  • Why is Khonoma called Green village?

Thanks to the Khonoma green village project, this quaint village retains and preserves its pollution free status fiercely. I am answering these frequently asked questions about the ‘green village’ tag of Khonoma below.

Tucked in a corner of the north-eastern state of Nagaland, Khonoma is a green village known for its eco-friendly way of life! Not only is Khonoma an authentic eco-tourism village but it also has the distinction of being the first green village of Asia . A secluded and quaint village in Nagaland, Khonoma is a must-see place. It is remarkable to see the transition of Khonoma India. What was once a war cradle and a hunting hot spot is now the first green village of Asia .

The Angamis are eco-friendly tribe, much like most people of not only Nagaland but much of North East India. I noticed that during my 3 months long epic trip to North East part of India. Khonoma is known for being the venue of first forest conservation in Nagaland. Well conserved and sustainable ecosystem of Khonoma has many admirers.

Why Khonoma is known as a green village? There is an interesting story behind why Khonoma is known as a green village. Earlier, the residents of Khonoma used to do a lot of hunting. Cutting down of trees in the jungles around Khonoma was also rampant. This resulted in damage to ecology, biodiversity and environment here.

When was Khonoma declared as Green village? It was in the year 1998 when the hunting of animals and birds along with cutting of any tree in the jungles was firmly banned in Kohima. Many wise elders and experienced hunters took this decision to save the local ecology. It had become a widespread practise here.

Khonoma green village project was put into practise so that such ill practised could be kept under check. Khonoma nature conservation and tragopan sanctuary also emerged during such times when the Angami society when through several changes.

However, I feel that many locals still do it on the sly because I saw several men carrying birds to shoot birds in the Naga villages of Hong Phui, Longwa, Mon and even in the Ziro village of Arunachal Pradesh .

  • Is Nagaland a part of India?

“Nagas are not Indians; their territory is not a part of the Indian union. We shall uphold and defend this unique truth at all costs and always.”

Khrisanisa Seyie

First President

Federal Government of Nagaland

12 th July 1956 to 18 th February 1959.

We learnt so much during our Khonoma day trip. This pillar welcomed as rudely as we wheeled away from Kohima to Khonoma. As Indians, most tourists take offence when they see this pillar. It is apparently a tourist attraction of Khonoma India. It also serves as a view point from where tourists can soak in the sweeping views of the green valley around Khonoma.

Many local people sell snacks, tea and souvenirs to the same people of India who they don’t want to be a part of. I wondered how they even allowed this pillar in the first place. On the same trip, I saw Shri Rajnath Singh inaugurating the Hornbill festival.

I wonder if they know about this pillar. It is very ironical that on one hand the governing Indian politicians are invited for inauguration of the nearby Hornbill festival and the other hand, some Nagas want to separate from India.

Here is what I suggest if this topic makes you uncomfortable or angry. Avoid talking about the ‘Nagaland is not part of India’ pillar with the local people. It may lead to arguments and fights. And who knows, the locals may get in the mood to display the raw and untamed aggression of their ancestors. It is the Government who have to deal with it. If you have to write, speak or protest about it, do so only after you return back to home safely.

  • Is Nagaland a country now?
  • What is Nagaland issue India?
  • Does Nagaland has its own flag?
  • Is Nagaland separated from India?
  • Which country Nagaland belong to?

There are some frequently asked questions. Here is the answer. No, Nagaland is still an inseparable part of India. Nagaland belongs to India.

When was Nagaland a separate state of India? Well, Nagaland became an Indian state only in 1963. Democratically elected Government of Nagaland was appointed in office in the 1964. Is Nagaland a part of seven sisters? Yes, Nagaland is one of the 7 states in the remote North East corner of India.

Khonoma: Offbeat place to visit in Nagaland

Hidden behind the towering hills of Kohima, Khonoma is off the beaten trail. Khonoma, the hidden gem of Nagaland gets most of its attention during the annual Hornbill Festival of Kisama near Kohima. Most tourists from outside of Nagaland visit Khonoma only during the festival. Many still miss it.

Why is Khonoma famous?

What is Khonoma known for? What is special in Khonoma? Khonomais one of the oldest and largest of all Angami villages of Nagaland in North East India. Khonoma is known for its dense jungles. In Khonoma, you can also pay a visit to some of the oldest terraced farming and cultivation in this part of North East India. This unique agricultural practise adds to the fame of Khonoma, much like the unique form of agriculture in the Apatani village of Ziro.

Khonoma is also known for the legendary courage that was displayed by the local Angami Naga people against the cunning Britisher invaders as the two waged battles in the 19 th century C.E. Is Khonoma a hill station? Yes, many people from nearby Indian states of Assam and Bengal visit Khonoma round the year because the hill station of Khonoma offers great weather and unique experiences.

How old is Khonoma

Khonoma history is very interesting! Origin of Khonoma goes back to many years. Khonoma village is as old as approximately 700 years.

Area of Khonoma Eco Village

Khonoma is spread across an area of around 123 square kilometres. We were able to see the best tourist attractions during our quick Khonoma day trip.

Height of Khonoma Nagaland

Khonoma is located on an altitude of 5300 feet or 1621 meters.

Population of Khonoma Nagaland

Khonoma population isn’t much! Khonoma is a tiny village with a very small population. Only around 5,000 people call Khonoma home. In a populous country like India, this is a refreshing change. More than 800 families call Khonoma their home.

Most of the people who live in Khonoma are from the Angami Naga Tribe of Nagaland. You will be surprised to known that some people from Myanmar which is located nearby also live in Khonoma.  India. Some of the Burmese people may be employed in household work etc.

View of Khonoma Village

Everywhere I looked at in this magical little hamlet, I was greeted with lovely views. As we trekked down, I was bewildered to see breath-taking views of the verdant valley from the top of the Khonoma village. The gorgeous views of the step gardens in far distance and 360 degrees view of the nearby hills are worth writing home about. I saw many colourful houses in far distance as well.  

The aesthetically built Angami homes, sprawling rice fields and wide-open spaces added to the beauty of Khonoma. The grand spectacle of the vast valleys and distant hills still remains with me.

Timeline of Khonoma battle and Khonoma Fort

Khonoma Fort is the most important monument here. I am sharing rare information about Khonoma fort here. This is the most comprehensive Khonoma description. Question on the Battle of Khonoma may also be asked in UPSC and IAS exams.

What was the battle of Khonoma year? As per a signboard I saw during the Khonoma trip, below is the chronological timeline of the Khonoma Fort and the famous battle of Khonoma:

  • 1825: First completion of the Khonoma Fort
  • 1850: First Anglo-Khonoma battle fought from the Khonoma Fort
  • 1879: Second Anglo Khonoma battle and the first demolition of the Khonoma fort happened.
  • 1890: The second reconstruction of the Khonoma Fort took place.
  • 1906: The second demolition of the Khonoma Fort by the British invaders happened. It was a result of an internal conflict.
  • 1919: The third reconstruction of Khonoma Fort completed in the year 1919.
  • 1956: The third demolition of the Khonoma Fort happened in post independent India in the year 1956 during the Indo-Naga conflict
  • 1990: The fourth reconstruction of Khonoma fort was completed in the year 1990.

Khonoma Fort

Where is Khonoma fort? Khonoma fort is located in Nagaland near Kohima. I am sharing more interesting facts about Khonoma Fort below.

This is written above the gate of the fort of Khonoma:

“The fiercest of battles were fought between the British and the Nagas during the years 1850-1879 in the Semoma fort of Khonoma. Khonoma Fort was described as one of the strongest in the North East India by Major John Butler of the British Army.”

Constructed out of broken rocks, not much is left of what must have been an imposing fort once. Unfortunately, the Khonoma fort suffered demolitions on several occasions by the British. Luckily, despite being burnt and razed down several times, the Khonoma Fort was reconstructed by the local Angami Naga Tribe.

Still standing pretty, Khonoma Fort continues to be a matter of pride for the Angami people. Needless to say, the Khonoma Fort is the top attraction in Khonoma Angami Village. A small walk around the main Khonoma Fort will also take you to several other smaller forts across the quaint Khonoma green village.

These forts are not like the imposing forts of Rajasthan or my home town Uttar Pradesh . There are three hamlets in Khonoma. These settlements were fortified so that the Angamis could defend their territory and guard it from the British invasion. This is a lesser-known Khonoma Fort information.

You will be surprised to learn that the small forts of Khonoma are like tiny houses. During battles of Khonoma, these forts provided shelter to the elderly, women and children, keeping them safe from the attacks. What is now a prominent monument of Khonoma, once played an important role in the battles.

The three main forts of Khonoma Nagaland are

  • Thevomia Fort
  • Merhumia Fort
  • Semomo Fort or Semomia Fort

These are a must-visit Khonoma monuments if you want to understand the local history and culture better.

Soul Window Travel Tip

Do not miss the battle shield which is located near the Khonoma Fort. This battle shield is made from elephant hide. The village gong is also located nearby. You can also see huge bamboo baskets here.

Village walk in the Angami tribal village of Khonoma

The Khonoma village itself is a major attraction. There are so many hidden places in Khonoma which revealed themselves when I walked around here languorously. Scenes of Angami woman and men returning home from work as the sun sets over the sprawling valley are common.

The best way to explore Khonoma, I discovered, is by foot. Perched atop a tall hill, Khonoma has surprises waiting for you at every corner. You can either do a self-guided walk in Khonoma or hire a local tourist guide like we did. Personally, I enjoyed walking on the neat walkways of Khonoma.

I wish I had more time to stroll on the neatly laid out stone pathway which meanders through the clean village. I was particularly impressed with the way the local residents had maintained Khonoma village so well. The water management of Khonoma is also worth a mention. I also noticed a natural water reservoir in Khonoma Nagaland.

Visit Khwehou in Khonoma

The sense of community is very strong in Khonoma where everyone knows everyone else. There is also a women’s society in the village. While walking around the hamlet of Khonoma, I was curious to see a large circular ground. Khonoma village has a common assembly ground known as Khwehou .

To give you a perspective, it is around 32 feet or 10 meters in diameters. This place is located on the lower grounds of Khonoma. I saw it while descending from the steps from the fort area.

This huge space, right in the middle of Khonoma village, is where the local Angami people of Khonoma congregate to attend community meetings, announcements and general gatherings. I also observed several small stone slabs here. These are called as ‘Dahu’.

These small square shaped stones, which are placed along the periphery of the assembly ground are located next to a community kitchen. On festivals, functions and other occasions, meal for the entire village is cooked here on a grand scale.

Beautiful local homes of Khonoma

This is the most detailed Khonoma description ever. What is Khonoma like? During my long walk in Khonoma, I was delighted to observe that the homes of the local people were decorated with exotic orchids and flowers in various hues. It is indeed a pleasure to walk around the narrow lanes and alleys of village of Khonoma. These images of Khonoma village will give you an idea of how beautiful it is.

Most of the homes in Khonoma, I noticed, are built of stone. This is the traditional architectural style of Khonoma. Timber and bricks are also used in the construction of some homes. Bamboo walls and mud flooring is also quite common here. Small fences made of stones are also commonly seen across the village. Some homes are also painted in brightly coloured plasters.

The beautifully decorated homes of Khonoma are a major attraction here. You can see unusual carvings in stone around some of the houses of Khonoma Nagaland. I also came across several interesting artefacts decorated on the walls of home such as real rifles . Yes, you read that right! The old muzzle loaded long guns are displayed not for tourist. But it is an authentic reflection of the lifestyle of the Angamis.

In Khonoma, many villagers have beds and pots of flowering plants right outside their homes. Flowers in several primary colours add charm to the surroundings. I remember seeing similar scenes in the charming town of Ukhrul near Imphal in Manipur .

If you are lucky, a local villager may also invite you in their homes. I actually did end up visiting a friendly local home. It was one of my best moments in Khonoma. Unfortunately, my tour guide told me that very few houses still maintain the traditional Angami architecture.

Earlier, the roofs of all the homes of Khonoma were painted in green colour as part of the ‘Green Village Project’. However, being exposed to elements, the paints have now peeled off. Due to this what we see now is more rustic and traditional appearance of Khonoma.

Khonoma Hobbit home 

If you want to see a Khonoma hobbit home, you do not need to go to New Zealand anymore. A local villager of Khonoma, known as Asakho Chase has constructed his own Hobbit home in Khonoma which is getting lot of attention.

This home, located in the middle of a forest , is very similar to the little homes of Hobbits, some of us have read about from the novels of JRR Tolkien. You must have also seen the hobbit homes in the Hollywood movie called as ‘The Lord of the Rings’ and other Hobbit movies. There are also several beds with flowering plants and a vegetable garden here as well. Resourcefulness of residents of Khonoma is to be seen to be believed.

The house which measures 10×14 feet is a major attraction of Khonoma Eco Village. The creatively built round shaped main entry door is eye catching. The front wall of this home is built up of alder wood. The unique hobbit home of Khonoma is located slightly away from Khonoma, near the Indo-Myanmar border.

Animal farming in Khonoma

If you stay in a homestay or on a guided village walk, you will be shown around the local homes. You can also see the pets they keep and animals they farm such as roosters, hen, pigs and dog. These domesticated animals are reared in small wooden pens. The owners feed the animals at regular intervals throughout the day. Unfortunately, they are slaughtered and eaten later by the owners.

Naga Paintings

I noticed traditional Naga style painting in several houses of Khonoma. Painted with bright colors and bold batterns, these houses reminded me of similar houses I saw in other parts of Nagaland such as Kohima , Hong Phui , Mon, Longwa and even Ukhrul in Manipur which has a strong Naga influence.

I noticed that a face on one of these Naga paintings had large round eyes. Turned out, for the local Angami people, these large circular eyes represented guarding eyes of Khonoma.

Morungs of Khonoma

I saw authentic local Morungs in many places of Nagaland such as Kisama, Longwa near Indian border with Myanmar and Hong Phui near Mon . I also saw many makeshift Morungs in Hornbill festival near Kohima. Khonoma’s strong sense of community is to be seen to be believed. These community centres are an inseparable part of the Angami Naga lifestyle. This is why, Morung is one of the top places to see in Khonoma village of Nagaland.

Morung Ghor are the dormitories or community houses where the elder men used to teach various skills to the young men. Several teachings of traditional and cultural knowledge are imparted to the young men by the elders of the village through oral tradition, practical, age-old folk tales, legends, folk music and traditional dance .

From traditional method of farming to martial arts and from several age-old traditions to weaving and wood craft, knowledge on many skills is imparted in the Morungs. During the battles of Khonoma, the Morungs doubled up as guard-houses . This is a lesser-known fact about Khonoma village.

During my visit, I didn’t see any one staying in the Khonoma Morung or Murungs . I observed several rare artefacts and daily use items restored in the main Morung of Khonoma.

I got a glimpse of various Naga articles on display such as old utensils, aesthetically woven bamboo basket, Angami Naga style handicrafts, carved human figures, carvings on endemic animals and birds , musical instruments, masks , seating places, drum, traditional arms etc.

Burials and graves in Khonoma

The funeral rites practised by Angamis are interesting. The corpse of a male Angami is buried in the grave along with a fire stick, few spears and unfortunately a live chicken in the coffin which is covered in white cloth. On the other hand, women of Angami tribe are interred with young chicken, a reaping hook and beads in a coffin along with flat stones.

Usually, the burial grounds in most communities around the world are located far from the residential area. It is not the same in Khonoma Nagaland. I have never seen similar funeral practises elsewhere. I was told by my tour guide that in the Khonoma village, the dead and alive co-exist.

The rituals and ceremonies of burying the deceased person are carried out by their male relatives. Interestingly, the burial takes place right in front of the home of the deceased. Sometimes, the dead person may also be buried on the path of the village. The idea behind this unique funeral practise is that the Angamis believe that their loved ones should be buried near the family.

The graves of the deceased family members often come with a stone epitaph in the memory of the person buried there. The inscription is written in Nagamese language and Roman script. Along with the name of the person, the date of death is also written on the epitaph.

Battle of Khonoma: Khonoma history

Khonoma history is fully of twists and turns. Consolidation of British rule in Naga hills was a major event. The battle of Khonoma was fought between whom? It is a frequently asked question about the history of Khonoma. Did you know that even the remote Khonoma was a part of India’s struggle with British invaders? Annexation of Naga hills is an important part of history of Khonoma.

The freedom struggle of India happened not only in Kanpur , Lucknow , Maharashtra etc but also in remote areas of distant Nagaland. Khonoma eventually survived and thrived as they exercised their territorial unity. The pride of the tribe and Angami community is still the same perhaps!

The British tried to capture Khonoma repeatedly but they faced stiff resistance from the valiant Angamis. Even today, the residents of Khonoma share spine-chilling accounts of the brutalities of British invaders inflicted upon the locals who were caught unawares. Through oral traditions and now written accounts, these stories are kept alive by the locals so that the younger generation understand and appreciates the sacrifices which their forefathers and ancestors made.

Soul Window Facts

The Angamis had not even seen a gun until the British invaders forced them to pick one. They were quick to learn and adapt to the situations changing around them. Forced to pick up the ammunitions and arms during the battles of Khonoma, they had no choice but to learn and master how to use them.

The surprising part is that it is still possible to see some of those guns even today in Khonoma. Just ask your guide to show them.

The battle of Khonoma year spanned many decades. The Angami men of Khonoma are known for their strategic skills, courage and heroic acts. The Angamis of Khonoma were in constant battle with the British invaders in the decades between 1830 and 1880. For 50 years, the people of Khonoma suffered due to the invasion of British. As a revolt, the Angamis waged many battles against the British.

During their illegal occupation of Khonoma, the British had forcefully recruited many Nagas as bonded labourers. The Nagas revolted and this led to several raids and conflict. The Angami Nagas disrupted the recruitment of labourers. Soon, inspired on seeing the valour of Angami tribe community, men from other nearby Naga villages also joined the fierce warriors of Khonoma.

The last battle of Khonoma took place in the Semomo Fort of Khonoma. It was a historical war between the local Angamis and outsider British. You can read the stone inscription in Khonoma which elucidates the flow of events. It will give you a good idea about the rich Khonoma Village history.

What was an important battle of Khonoma year? When the British invader GH Damant, M.A.C.S. was killed on October 4, 1879, the British laid siege to Khonoma. Several other armed British soldiers were also killed along with as many as 40 Angami soldiers during the war of independence. 4 months later, a peace treaty was signed on 27 th March, 1880. This helped in controlling more violence and bloodshed.

Detailed Timeline of Khonoma battle

The tumultuous history of Khonoma village is very intriguing. The battle of Kohima fought between Nagas and British. Did you know that 2 two major British- Angami battles rocked Khonoma in mid-19 th century C.E.?

What is the importance of the Battle of Khonoma? It changed the history of Khonoma forever. When was the Battle of Khonoma fought? The people from Angami tribe of Nagaland are famous for their heroics in the last Naga resistance against the British plunderers during the Battle of Khonoma which was fought between the year 1879-80.  

Other important battles of Nagaland are:

  • Battle of Mezoma
  • Battle of Kikruma or the battle of Kikrüma

Soul Window Thoughts

These 30 years had seen some of the fiercest and bloodiest resistance during the Indian freedom struggle. However unfortunately, most people outside of Nagaland do not know about it. This is why I wrote this blog so that Indians know the battles waged in the remote North East India.

I am a Backpacker travel blogger from India. I have been listed as top travel influencers in India several times. Do read my other blogs on North East India .

Below is a detailed Timeline of Khonoma battle including battle of Khonoma year:

  • The first ever contact that took place between the British invaders and Nagas was in the year 1832 .
  • The Nagas felt threatened when they noticed the presence of R.B. Pemberton and Francis Jenkins, who were British captains in the territory of the Angami tribe of Nagaland. What made things worse is that they were moving around with as many as 800 coolies and 700 soldiers. They were apparently looking for a path between Manipur and Assam via the territory of Angami Nagas
  • This led to resistance from the Nagas. Especially the numbers made them feel threatened. It resulted in several big and small clashes between the Nagas and the British invaders.
  • The first ever Anglo-Khonoma war happened at the Khonoma fort in the year 1850 .
  • Captain Vincent led a force from the Jorhat Militia, Cachar Levy and Assam Light Infantry to Khonoma and Mezoma. The Cachar Levy was rechristened as the Assam Rifles after some years. He caused massive damaged to Khonoma. What is now a peaceful eco-village was burned down to avenge the death of Bhogchand . Captain Vincent stayed back in Khonoma for as long as 6 months.
  • 29 years later, in 1879, G.H. Damant or Guybon Henry Damant was killed. G.H. Damant was a Deputy Commissioner or British Political Officer posted at Kohima, the present capital of Nagaland. Damant had invaded Khonoma with his army in spite of the fact that he was warned of the consequences by the Nagas.
  • This was the time when the residents of the Naga villages secretly acquired arms and ammunitions. The villagers at Khonoma had possession of a large number of weapons. G.H. Damant got a whiff of this news.
  • On the fateful day of 13 th October, 1879, G.H. Damant paid a surprise visit to Naga Villages of Khonoma, Mezoma and Jotsoma. He was accompanied by an army of 21 rifles from the 43rd Assam Light Infantry as well as 65 constables of the Frontier Police.
  • Who was the political officer who was shot dead while out on an expedition in the Naga Hills in 1879? A war ensued next and many of the army men along with Guybon Henry Damant was killed in the battle. Even today, during my guided tour, I was able to see a monolith or tomb erected in the memory of G.H.Damant in Khonoma.
  • This memorial site commemorating the death of G.H.Damant is located at the peak of the Khonoma village. Our local tourist guide took us here via steep stone steps. This was where G.H. Damant was killed.
  • What followed next was a massive campaign targeting the Naga people. 42nd and 44th Regiments, detachment of the 43rd Native Infantry as well as one of the wings of 18th Native Infantry had participated in this battle which continued till as late as the month of March in the year 1880. Khonoma was taken on the 22 nd November 1879.
  • Next day, on November 23, the British invaders discovered that suddenly everyone has deserted Khonoma village. It became a ghost town. They had moved to Chakka Forts which is located on a much higher ground of Mount Japfu.
  • At present Mt. Japfu is a tourist attraction in Nagaland. Many trekkers visit Mt. Japfu as it is the 2 nd highest peak of Nagaland. Mount Japfu, which is also called as Japvo or Japfü is situated in the Jakhama circle of Kohima District. Mount Saramati is the highest peak on Nagaland.
  • The fighting capabilities of the Khonoma warriors were already feared by the British plunderers. After relocating in the tall Mount Japfu, they also had the advantage of the access to higher ground. This worried the British.  For those who don’t know Mount Japfu is located at a height of 8500 feet or 2590 meters. This is why the cunning British invaders blocked the route. They were weak and incapable of attacking anymore if a conflict arises.
  • The British had mercilessly burnt down the beautiful village of Khonoma. A group of troops were stationed in the Khonoma fortress to defend it. The garrison included as many as 200 men from 44 Infantry who reported to Major Walker. Itis a lesser-known fact about the history of Khonoma.
  • Shrewd that they were, the British didn’t stop here. Several punitive attacks were made by British to punish the villages which took part in the siege of Kohima.
  • The British were successful in gaining control over Jotsoma on 27th November 1879.
  • The 13 Naga villages which had formed a coalition and gave tough fight to the invading British people were punished heavily by the latter. Each village was systematically damaged and occupied by the British.
  • What also happened was interesting as well. Not many known that a team of men from Khonoma were successful in courageously raiding the tea garden of Baladhan in Cachar in the month of January in the year 1880. It is located approximately 80 miles away from Khonoma. What is inspiring that the Nagas from Khonoma managed to achieve this daring raid despite the fact that the people of Khonoma at Chakka Forts above the village were surrounded and monitored by the British troops. It was a remarkable rebellion event which resulted in killing of Mr. Blyth along with 16 coolies. The Nagas returned only after burning much of what they came across.
  • The battle of Kohima ended in the year? The battle of Khonoma came to an end on 27th March 1880 when the fort above Khonoma submitted. It was a heart-breaking moment because by this time, Khonoma was razed to the ground. An outpost had now occupied Khonoma.
  • Strict rules were laid out for the villagers of Khonoma because they supported the army who plotted against the British.
  • All the villagers were instructed by British to surrender all of their arms. The residents of Khonoma were ordered to rebuild villages on new sites. Needless to say, fortification was not allowed. The villagers were even forced to pay one rupee per house as tax. They were also ordered to offer one maund of rice and a total of 15 days labour to the State per year.
  • To punish further, villagers who were directly or indirectly involved with the Siege of Kohima were made to pay an extra fine of rice and offer labour. The duty to collect revenue and monitor the conduct of the village was given to the elected headman of the village.
  • In February 1881, the chief commissioner had submitted a policy to Government of India. The policy elucidated on how to control the Nagas.
  • Eventually, a regiment was established in Khonoma on a permanent basis. Thereon, the entire district was administered as British territory.

The atrocities of British in Nagaland reminded me of something similar the British did in Lucknow and Bithoor , both in my home state Uttar Pradesh in North Indian plains .

Religion in Khonoma

Who brought Christianity to Nagaland? When did Christianity come to Nagaland? By the year 1890, unfortunately the local people of Khonoma were converted in to Christianity in a sly manner. I noticed that even today, many people of Khonoma are converted Christian. However, the local people continue to follow many of their authentic Nagamese customs and rituals .

Language in Khonoma

Which language is spoken in Khonoma? Nagamese or Angami language is the main language of Khonoma. Some people understand and speak good Hindi and English in Khonoma. However, I was sometimes confused while talking with them.

Our tour guide told us that the Nagamese language didn’t have a script. This is why Roman letters are used even today for writing Nagamese text. This practise was introduced by the shrewd Christian missionaries.

I noticed the same during my Khonoma trip. I observed that across Khonoma, many Nagamese signboards and stone slabs with inscriptions were written in Roman letters. I found it odd and wished that their mother tongue Nagamese had its own script and continued to follow their original pre-Christianity lifestyle.

Farming and agriculture: Economy of Khonoma

In old times, Angami people of Khonoma foraged much of what they ate from the forests. I observed during my trip to NE India that living of the land is still common in many tribes of Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram etc. Depending largely on nature for their every-day food, not much has changed in Khonoma and it still has.

My local guide told me during Khonoma tour that the locals hardly buy anything. We grow much of what we eat. Agriculture, no wonder is the main occupation of the Angami tribe of Khonoma. The Angami tribal village in Khonoma is self-sufficient and self-sustaining. Several different varieties of vegetables, wild fruits, crops, plant species, mushrooms and also natural dyes are grown in Khonoma.

I noticed that outside most homes, everyone maintained their own private garden apart from the huge rice terrace fields. This is how many villagers grow their own fresh fruits and vegetables, reducing the need to buy it. Much of what is grown here is organic.

The unique shifting cultivation and jhum cultivation is also quite popular in Khonoma. Such traditional farming techniques help in stopping the degradation of the hills. It is a good idea to go on a long walk through the well-manicured paddy fields.

A leisurely stroll here is special. The beauty of the terraced rice fields of Khonoma is breathtaking, if not better than Bali in the island nation of Indonesia .

As I was leaving Khonoma, I was impressed when my guide told me that a whooping 60 different types of rice are grown in Khonoma annually. Also, as many as 40 varieties of different crops are also grown in Khonoma every year. Black chillies are another specialty of Khonoma.

To conclude, agriculture is the main economy in Khonoma. Tourism and tourism related services and products are the other drivers of economy in Khonoma.

Cleanliness in Khonoma

A pristine place like Khonoma deserves all the cleanliness. I was impressed to notice that there were dustbins at every few steps in Khonoma. The winding steps of Khonoma are spic and span. I didn’t find any trash anywhere in Khonoma. The kids of Khonoma are taught about the need of cleanliness at a very early age. This is why the Khonoma villages manages to remain clean and clutter free throughout the year.

After every few steps, I noticed dustbins inside the Khonoma village. The dustbins would hang from the wall, railings, shops etc. Since it is difficult to find non-degradable waste in Khonoam, I didn’t see any plastic anywhere in Khonoma. Not even in the dump yard! It was refreshing to see this, especially because the best of the nations are struggling with the menace of plastic use, whether single use or otherwise.

Is it safe to visit Khonoma Village?

The local families of Khonoma are very friendly and welcome tourists with a smile. Since the Angami culture is very different from what most of you have seen in your entire life, you may have objection to some of their rituals and practises because it is not aligned with your value system.

You may or may not agree with them. However, you need to remember that you are in their territory. In order to avoid any conflict or fights, it is better to look the other way if you can not do anything about it.

If you take care of these small issues, Khonoma is very safe to visit. This is why many Indian and foreign tourists and travellers stay for many nights in the homes of local people.

Toilets in Khonoma

Since Khonoma is a very clean village, expect spic and span toilets at some places in the village. Pictures of Khonoma village I have shared here will give you an idea of how clean it is. Finding a toilet right next to a Khonoma monument is not always easy. However, I was able to find some toilets after a short hike here and there.

Vegan and Vegetarian guide to Khonoma

Being a vegetarian, I was slightly uncomfortable with the food of many parts of Nagaland where they don’t hesitate from eating anything that moves. From amphibians to ants, worms and even spiders, every living being is food here.

When in Khonoma, do not forget to taste the sweet Apong, also known as Poka. Apong is a local rice beer which I first tasted in the remote Basar of the neighbouring state of Arunachal Pradesh . Later, I had Apong in Dambuk music festival as well as Ziro , both in Arunachal Pradesh .

You can try and ask for some vegan and vegetarian food in Dovipie Inn. It is one of the very few restaurants in Khonoma. Contrary to popular belief, there is a rich variety of traditional vegetarian and vegan food in Khonoma and elsewhere in Nagaland which is not the same as what you get in other parts of India. I personally enjoy experimenting with local vegetarian food of the places I visit; therefore, I enjoyed trying out various dishes of the Naga cuisine.

Fermented bamboo shoot is a common ingredient in Naga cuisine. I personally love the stinky Akhuni or Axone which is made with fermented soybean. Akhuni is an iconic Naga dish on which they have also made movies in Bollywood.

The pungent smell of axone, which is pronounced as ‘akhuni’ is its identity. The bamboo chutney of Nagaland is another of my favourite. It is very spicy and goes so well with a plate of dal-chawal (lentil and rice), which the Nagas also eat. Boiled vegetable curry is often cooked with Axone. You can ask around if it is available.

  • Do people from Nagaland eat dogs?
  • Are dogs eaten in Nagaland?
  • Why dogs are eaten in Nagaland?
  • In which states is dog meat eaten?

These are some of the most frequently asked questions. Unfortunately, the answer is yes. Many people who keep dogs at home, don’t keep them out of affection, but to eat them later. I was sad to see that most of the domestic dogs were chained all day. These were some of the things I didn’t like about Khonoma.

Dogs are eaten in many parts of Nagaland. During my visit to the annual Hornbill festival, some of the food stalls were actually selling dog meat. Being a dog lover and a strict vegetarian (no eggs either), I didn’t have the heart to even have a look at the dog meat. I avoided going to the stalls that sold dog meat. Many people in Mizoram eat dog as well.

But why do people in Nagaland eat dog meat? The Lotha Nagas , for example sacrifice and eat dog as they feel it will help them to win over evil spirits. In Naga tradition, dogs are seen as most cunning of all beasts. This is one of the reasons why dogs are eaten by Naga people in Nagaland. For a dog lover like me, it is very heart breaking to learn that dog meat is still not banned in Nagaland.

Souvenir Shops in Khonoma

During my walk in Khonoma, I came across many villagers who were busy weaving clothes in beautiful patterns, making bamboo baskets and wooden crafts.

I was highly impressed with the red and black Naga shawls which also had bold patterns. The thread quality and the unusual designs of the handmade Naga shawls are eye catching. To buy these local made shawls, you have to go to the homes of the weavers.

In fact, buying directly from the weavers is the most common way here because there are hardly any shops, restaurants or hotels in Khonoma. It was interesting to watch process of hand weaving out in the open.

Shop for Khonoma Traditional Dress

We visited the home of a weaver family. 5-6 women were weaving the shawls in different patterns. It is so unique to buy Khonoma traditional dress and other such souvenirs straight from the artisans who make it.

These Naga shawls are also available in the stalls of the more commercial Hornbill festival. You can also take a pick from the various bed sheets, woollen wears, sweaters, door mats, carpets etc made in typical Naga style

Festivals of Khonoma Nagaland

Much like anywhere else in India, the local Angami tribes of Khonoma also follow several customs, rituals and rich tradition.

The two major festivals of Khonoma Eco Village are:

Both Sekrenyi and Thekranyi festivals are festivals centred around paddy cultivation. While Sekrenyi is celebrated in February, Thekranyi is celebrated in the month of May. The Angamis celebrate these festivals with much fanfare.

The local Naga festivals are a good time to visit Khonoma as you can see the local Naga people performing their traditional dance and music . The Angamis also play several games during the festival which you can become a spectator of.

Birdwatching in Khonoma

Khonoma birds are known for their rarity and beauty. As many as 350 unique species of exotic birds are found in Khonoma and nearby areas. Below is a checklist of few bird species found in Khonoma.

  • Black storks
  • Black-headed Bulbul
  • Blyth’s Tragopan
  • Brown Hornbill
  • Chestnut-vented nuthatch
  • Common pheasant
  • Jungle fowl
  • Laughing Thrush
  • Spot-breasted parrotbills
  • White-breasted kingfisher
  • White-winged duck
  • Wren-Babbler

Nature conservation and Tragopan sanctuary 

Khonoma is a biodiversity hot spot and has rich flora and fauna. You can also see Blyth’s Tragopan in and around Khonoma. What is the state bird of Nagaland? Blyth’s tragopan ( Tragopan blythii ) or the grey-bellied Tragopan is the state bird of Nagaland. Before the 1990s, hunting Tragopan was very common. Tragopan Sanctuary is the best place to seeBlyth’s Tragopan. There is an interesting story about Tragopan Sanctuary.

In the year 1993, during a competition, more than 3,000 Blyth’s Tragopan were hunted down by local Angami people for their meat. This pushed the beautiful birds on the brink of extinction. Despite being an endangered species, hunting of Blyth’s Tragopan and other birds and animals was rampant.

This event led to the formation of Khonoma nature conservation and tragopan sanctuary. With approval from the elders of village, an entire region was cordoned off and declared as protected Tragopan sanctuary. It is perhaps the first bird sanctuary of India which is led by the community. Tragopan sanctuary is spread across 20 square kilometres.

Do visit Nature conservation and Tragopan sanctuary if time and budget permit you.

Is hunting banned in Khonoma Nagaland?

Why Khonoma village is famous as hunting spot? During my travels across Nagaland, I observed that hunting and logging is rampant in not only Khonoma but most of Nagaland. I saw during my 3 months of travel in North East India that the Angamis and various other tribes in neighbouring states don’t hesitate while hunting animals and birds even if its banned. It comes naturally to them.

Fortunately, Khonoma has been converted from a hunting hotspot to a nature conservation site. Hunting used to carry out in Khonoma on mass level. With time, the locals have woken up to the need to conserve ecology of their home village. You will be pleased to know that hunting, logging and Jhum cultivation , which is the practice of burning a field after the harvest is done is banned in Khonoma. From being hunters, the people of Khonoma are now eco activists of sorts.

What makes it interesting is that it is one of the few places in Nagaland where the ban is imposed. During my travel in Mon and Hong Phui, I saw that the locals openly killed wild animals and birds. In fact, I saw many of them carrying rifles as they left for shooting expedition in the jungles. I saw the local village head priest of Ziro in Arunachal Pradesh also eating a squirrel he had just hunted.

Hire tourist guide at Khonoma

It can be very confusing for a first-time traveller to Khonoma to navigate through the labyrinthine alleys and lanes of this serene village of Nagaland. A local guide can take you through the maze of Khonoma Eco Village in an organised manner. A day tour in Khonoma is more meaningful if you travel here with a local guide because they know the place best.

As I walked across Khonoma, I was engrossed in listening to the history of Khonoma and the Angami Naga tribe that live here. Had I not hired the local guide, I would have not understood Khonoma village history so well.

You must hire a local recognised tourist guide who can share all the small details of Khonoma. One of the reliable guides at Khonoma are Jievisekho Seyie . That said, any local authorised guide at the entry gate is worth going with. Avoid guides from outside Khonoma.

Several tour companies also offer tour packages to Khonoma. You can also contact a local tour operator who provide end to end tourist services such as hotel pickup and drop, cab service, entry to the Khonoma village, informative tour of Khonoma, and vegetarian/vegan food.

Entry Fee at Khonoma

A small entry fee is charged as you enter Khonoma. There are some shops and restaurants at the entry gate. The entry fee is to be paid at the small tourist information hut located near the entrance gate of Khonoma.

The entrance fee here is known as ‘sustainability fee’. A board at the tourist information centre said: Office of the eco-tourism management committee (E.T.M.C). The entry fee to Khonoma monument is a part of the all-inclusive entry ticket.

Parking near Khonoma Gate

Ample parking space for cars, jeeps and bikes is available at the entrance of the Khonoma village. Khonoma Gate itself is a tourist attraction. I noticed the lovely tribal art on the Khonoma gate located in main entry.

Duration of Khonoma visit

Despite being a short trip, our Khonoma day trip was memorable! Spending a day in the unique Khonoma village amidst nature and enjoying the Naga Hospitality was one of my most special experiences in Nagaland. I and my friends visited Khonoma for only a day. Though, I feel, one must stay in a homestay of Khonoma for 2-4 days for immersive travel experience.

Treks around Khonoma

Trekking is one of the best things to do in and around Khonoma. Most tourists who visit Khonoma also consider day treks in the nearby Dzuleke and Dzukou valley. I also did the same. You can read my comprehensive guide to the Dzukou valley trek for more details.

Both Dzuleke and Dzukou valley are located just a few kilometres away from Khonoma and can be easily reached by privately booked cab. Khonoma Dzukou is a popular route. You can also join other stranger travellers and go together.

Tourism in offbeat Khonoma

Having travelled across rural Nagaland and also urban centers of Nagaland, I can vouch for the fact that rural Nagaland is far more beautiful, authentic and unique. However, there is hardly any tourist infrastructure in most of the villages of Nagaland. Neither are there any tourist friendly hotels and cafes, nor are there enough shops, clinic, restaurants serving comforting familiar food.

The lack of infrastructure in village of Nagaland is one of the major reasons why tourist who travel to Nagaland for Hornbill festival return back to their homes without paying a visit to any other Naga destination beyond Kohima, Kisama and Dzukou valley and sometimes Khonoma. Even the other popular big towns of Nagaland such as Kigwema, Wokha, Mon and Mokokchung hardly get any visitors.

This is why, Khonoma is a refreshing change. Though I found Khonoma to be a bit touristy but I also realised that making things organised helps both local economy as well as the tourists. Rural tourism is as its best in Khonoma.

The way Khonoma has developed tourist infrastructure such as home-stays, cleanliness, guide facility, maintenance of historical sites, souvenir facility is impressive.

This is the most elaborate Khonoma description. I am also including some cool places to visit near Khonoma. Below are some of the most famous places near Khonoma.

Dzuleke is another popular little hamlet near Khonoma, Kisama and Kohima. Distance between Dzuleke and Khonoma is only 20 kilometres. Surrounded with pristine natural beauty, Dzuleke is a must-visit place near Khonoma Eco Village. Khonoma to Dzuleke can be easily covered in a private taxi.

Kigwema is another interesting place where the tourists love to explore.

Where to stay in Khonoma

There are not many stay options in Khonoma. It is not a big city like Kohima which has a variety of hotels, lodges, hostels and luxury hotels. That said, you can still stay in the Khonoma homestays and some hills view cottages.

Luxury resorts

Do not expect any Luxury resorts with the usual modern frills such as swimming pool in Khonoma.

Homestay in Khonoma

The best accommodation option in Khonoma is to stay with a local person. The guest houses and homestays in Khonoma, much like other places in North East India are have basic amenities. However, the authentic local Naga food and interactions with the local people makes up for the lack of luxury in Khonoma.

Many local people of Khonoma have opened up their homes for the stay of the tourists. Spending a night in a Khonoma village homestay will acquaint you with the local lifestyle. Some decent hotels can be also found in Khonoma Eco Village.

Khonoma tourism is at its peak during the winter festivals. There are high chances that all the Khonoma homestays will be booked during the peak season of Hornbill festival. It is therefore advised to book a homestay in Khonoma in advance.

Best time to visit Khonoma?

What is the best time to visit Khonoma? Below is a detailed guide on the weather, temperature, climate and beast season for a visit to Khonoma.

Winter in Khonoma

The peak season in this little obscure village of Khonoma is winter. Khonoma is a year-round destination. However, most of the outside tourists visit Khonoma only during the Hornbill festival in the nearby Kisama during the first 10 days of December every year. Khonoma weather in December is very pleasant and can get very cold in nights. I experienced very low Khonoma temperature during my December visit. Howevere it was manageable and the days were balmy, sunny and bright!

I had clubbed Hornbill festival with Dzukou valley trek and a visit to Khonoma in the extreme winter month of December. In Hornbill festival, I enjoyed watching several tribal groups displaying their dances, music, colourful art forms, food, customs, rituals and costumes.

Several tribes and cultural groups of Nagaland congregate to Kisama Heritage Village to participate in the festivities. It is a good time to visit both Kisama, Kohima and Khonoma. Tourist attractions of Dimapur, Guwahati, Jorhat, Majuli are also nearby.

Summer in Khonoma

Very few people visit Nagaland in summer. If you are keen, you can still visit Khonoma during summer or even spring. It is a nice and pleasant time to be here. Khonoma temperature is moderate in the summer months.

Monsoon in Khonoma

Monsoon in North East India is fierce. I do not advise visiting Khonoma in monsoon. Expect floods, restricted tourist services and lack of services during monsoon. Also, needless to say, the temperatures are low in Khonoma during the rainy season.

Inner Line Permit for Khonoma

Before visiting Khonoma, you should ensure that you have the obtain Inner Line Permits. It is required for both Kohima as well as Khonoma and elsewhere in Nagaland.

Is Passport required for Nagaland for Indian? No, since Nagaland is an integral part of India, Indians do not require any passport or visa to visit anywhere Nagaland. Only an inner line permit suffices.

How to reach Khonoma village?

As we approached through a dusty dirt road from Kohima, we were greeted with a signboard which boldly mentions ‘Welcome to Khonoma’.  The scenic hamlet of Khonoma is best accessed from Kohima, the nearest big city .

The nearest airport from Khonoma is located at Dimapur. Daily flights from Kolkata to Dimapur are also available. Other nearest big airport is Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport in Guwahati of neighbouring Indian state of Assam .

The nearest big railhead from Khonoma is located in Dimapur on the border of Nagaland and Assam. Situated along the banks of the Dhansiri River, the dustyDimapur is the largest town of Nagaland.The Jan Shatabdi Express which runs from Guwahati to Jorhat near the picturesque Majuli River Island is a good train if your base in Guwahati in Assam.

I had caught a mid-morning bus to Dimapur from Jorhat. I got lucky as it was the last bus from Jorhat to Dimapur. Once I reached Dimapur in late evening, I somehow managed to find my way inside one of the last shared Sumo vans which were waiting for passengers right outside the Dimapur railway station.

I had reached Kohima after dark. I was traveling solo till then. I joined my friends in Kohima. After enjoying the Hornbill festival for few days, on one of our last days, we decided to visit Khonoma as a last-minute decision. I also visited the lovely Dzukou valley via trek in a similar impulsive way.

Local bus services are also available. You can find buses to Khonoma from NST bus depot in Kohima.

Private Cab

If money is not a concern, then you can book a private air-conditioned car to Khonoma from nearby places like Guwahati, Dimapur, Kohima etc. Private cars are far more comfortable. We had booked private cab from the taxi stand in Kohima market near the war memorial. Lovely vistas all along the road will keep you hooked. You may want to get in touch with Sange Tsering from Holiday Scout who runs the best tours across Nagaland and other states of North East India. Sange, a local, is a leading tour operator in North East India.

Kohima to Khonoma

How to reach Khonoma from Kohima and Kisama? Khonoma distance from Kohima is not much. The sun’s rays softly filtered through the dense canopy of trees, as the local taxi driver wheeled away from Kohima to Khonoma. It took us around 1 hour to cover the 20 kilometres between Kohima and Khonoma via National Highway 29.

The road was dusty and full of twists and turns. I was constantly looking out of the window as my taxi driver wheeled away on the winding uphill road.

If traveling by public transport, you can get down at Halinoma Fillers’ Service Station or the Khonoma Road. You can take a taxi from here or do hitchhiking. Is hitchhiking safe in Nagaland? I had hitchhiked in Nagaland in the lorry of Bihari men while coming back from Dzouko valley to Kisama.

To sum up, Khonoma is a great choice for a one-day trip from Kohima.

Taxi from Kohima to Khonoma

Despite being budget travellers, we travelled from Kohima to Khonoma via private taxi since we were few friends travelling together. We took our taxi from a place near the war cemetery in Kohima. The drivers always overcharge in most of the places in Nagaland. We were firm and patient while negotiating the taxi rates.

If you are making a one-day trip to Khonoma, make sure that you book the return taxi and not one way taxi. Traveling from Khonoma to Kohima is a bit tricky. It is not very easy to find taxis from Khonoma to elsewhere. Most taxis agree to wait for anywhere between 2-4 hours. You can, of course buy more waiting period by paying more. Now you know that Kohima to Khonoma distance is easy to cover.

Where is Khonoma located?

Where is Khonoma green village? Khonoma in which state? Khonoma is located in close proximity with Kohima, the vibrant hilly capital city of Nagaland and Kisama heritage village , the venue of annual Hornbill Festival. Located on a cliff, Khonoma is a picturesque village which very few people know about.

This is why Khonoma Eco Village is one of the best offbeat places in Nagaland. Located in North East India near the borders with Assam, Khonoma is a must-visit place. The images of Khonoma village which I have shared here will give you an idea of how idyllic and stunning this village is.

Conclusion: Why visit Khonoma?

Is Khonoma worth a visit? Here is the bottom line. Engulfed by undulating paddy fields, unending lush greenery and towering hills, the Angami village of Khonoma near Kohima in Nagaland is a place unlike any other.

While traveling in other parts of Nagaland such as Mon and Longwa, I noticed that hunting and other ill practises are still rampant. Khonoma has set an example. It can be adapted as the right model for other villages in Nagaland and elsewhere in India.

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Kohima Tourism and Travel Guide

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Touphema Tourist Village

The Touphema Tourist Villageis one of the ancient heritage villages of Nagaland and is a wonderful recreation of a traditional AngamiNaga village. It is setup with cabins and rooms that have been built to look like traditional huts / cottage. Travelers who choose to stay here get an opportunity to get an insight into the Naga social system along with culture and governance by visiting the village. A short walk around the village can transport one way back in time when you see all around you how Naga tribes have existed all through the centuries, till date. Visitors are also invited to tease their palates with some popular Naga delicacies, likeGhalo and Bamboo Baked Fish along with Rice Beer (that’s what I’m talking about!) at the village. The AngamiSekrenyi annual festivalis celebrated with great fervor in the village in the month of February. It’s always more than worth the visit this time of the year.

Most of the traditional village buildings have their roofs made of corrugated iron without chimneys to release the smoke from the internal cooking fires. Probably one of the reasons why there is always a lingering smell of it in the air. Situated on a gentle hillock with a panoramic view of the surrounding valleys, Touphema offers a chance to stay in quaint little huts, enjoy pleasant evenings around bonfireswith cultural dances just adding to rustic feel of the entire place. The scenic locales offer some of the best photo opportunities there are and the Naga tradition of serving local dishes with homemade rice beer is just super!

A recently refurbished Museum inside the village offers an extensive ethnographic collection including wood carvings, musical instruments, textiles, handicrafts traditional artifacts, jewellery and archaeological finds. While the village itself seems quite traiditonal, it does offer basic comforts for its guests. So when you book one of these huts, you can expect a room done up in a way that showcases Naga history, traditions and ancient myths. The huts are spread out well enough to offer some privacy and each is based on a different theme.

Photo Gallery

Restaurant at Touphema

How to Reach :

Nearest Airport is in Dimapur, Nagaland

Nearest Railway Station is in Dimapur, Nagaland

From Kohima HQ to Touphema Tourist Village is 36 Kms and Taxi service is available from Kohima

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Rice fields at Khonoma Village

Asia’s First Green Village – A Complete Guide to Khonoma

Amongst the mystical mountain ranges of Nagaland is the village of Khonoma – Asia’s First Green Village. Here is a travel guide to Khonoma, a village that is surrounded by the largest rain forests in the state. Khonoma is home to the Angami tribe who have been living here for over 500 years. The village gained recognition from 2005 for its efforts in preserving the ecological diversity and its practices of sustainable living .

During my stay at Kohima, everyone I interacted with was delighted to know my next stop was Khonoma. From my homestay host, the local stall managers at the Hornbill festival , even my waiter at the restaurant, all raved about this little village. Being Asia’s first green village you could see it was the pride of all the locals. My expectations grew higher as I headed there and I must say I was not disappointed.

Khonoma Travel Guide - Khonoma Village View

Get the most out of your trip with my Khonoma Travel Guide. Find out more about:

Why Visit Khonoma Village?

Nagaland has plenty of villages with its indigenous tribes spread across the state. However, Khonoma stood out for me as it’s a well-planned village with a tourist center. Their ingenious efforts on sustainable tourism, ample homestay options and the sight of wildflowers across the village all deserve admiration and praise. Khonoma with its stark natural beauty is maintained exceptionally well by its residents.

Khonoma Travel Guide Tip: Take a guided tour around the village and the terraced fields for INR 500 to see how the locals cultivate their fields. A guide will show you the different sustainable agricultural practices that are followed in the village.

Hiking in the remarkable hues of greens of the luscious rice fields of Khonoma is a must-do for everyone who visits the village.

The best part of Khonoma is with a short hike you get gorgeous views of the rice fields. The rice fields have these settlements which are used by the farmers to rest or have a snack. Vibhu, my guide and myself sat in the middle of this piece of heaven, watching the occasional farmer pass through the fields.

A-farmer-at-work-in-the-rice-fields-1

Another tour the Khonoma tourist center offers is to the nearby Mithun (bison) sanctuary. But I spent more time going around the paddy fields and didn’t get a chance to visit the sanctuary.

Additional Things to See in Khonoma – Khonoma Travel Guide

The culture of Khonoma village is rich and has plenty of history and folklore to keep one entertained. The inhabitants of the village have built a mini-museum with artifacts of World War II.

Khonoma Travel Guide tip: The village walk to the old forts, morungs and cairn circles help you familiarize with Naga culture.

The Khonoma village architecture is largely preserved even today. A morung is a common feature in Nagaland. Traditionally it was used as an educational institution for the youth. They learnt about their culture, customs and underwent training in warfare, martial arts and craftmanship. They also bonded over folkloric traditions such as songs and native games.

However today, it is used to display various handicrafts, art and weapons used in battles.

Morung embellished with the cross motif and heads of hunted animals

Another interesting sight is a place called “Dahu” , better known as a cairn circle . Plenty of small stones are placed around a big stone slab which is built to make announcements and conduct village meetings.

An intriguing ceremony which is held in Khonoma is called the “Feast of Merit” where the wealthiest person of the village organizes a feast for the locals to assert his social status. This ritual earns the privilege to erect a monolith and decorate the house with horns, swords and other Naga traditional ethnic motifs. The feast has a variety of meat on offer and this ceremony is celebrated like a carnival.

Khonoma Travel Guide - Angami house after a Feast of Merit

History of Khonoma

The village got its name from a local aromatic plant “Khwüno” . The ancestors baptized the village calling it “Khwünomia” where the Khwüno grows. Much later during the British rule in India, it got its current name Khonoma.  

Khonoma had shown tremendous grit and courage against the British army from 1850 to 1880s. Subsequently, the Britishers finally reached an agreement with the people of this hamlet town. The resistance shown by the Angamis of Khonoma is still fresh in the minds of the villagers who recounted tales of valour that are passed on by generations. In 1890, the village was acquainted with Christianity and today almost all its inhabitants belong to this faith.

The village is divided into three hamlets to guard the settlements from invasion. The three restored forts in the village pay homage to the martyrs who lost their lives fighting battles against the British. These forts made of rocks have been destroyed and reconstructed time and again. 

Semona fort war memorial

Journey to Becoming Asia’s First Green Village

Like the rest of Nagaland, the people of Khonoma too were adept at hunting. This gradually destroyed their natural environment and affected the wildlife population. However, today things have changed and the inhabitants are committed to conserve wildlife and ecological diversity.

In 1993, over 300 Blyth’s Tragopan, the state bird of Nagaland, were killed in a hunting competition. This awakened the more environmentally sensitive people of Khonoma.

Hunting was prohibited with the formation of Khonoma Nature Conservation and Tragopan Sanctuary (“KNCTS”), which revived the endangered Blyth’s Tragopan. Further care was taken with vigilantes hired and soon steps were also taken with a ban enforced on logging all trees. In fact, today they even have a penalty for anyone found littering.

With these initiatives came the promotion of the upcoming eco-tourism destination by using solar-powered street lights. Safeguarding their diverse natural habitat, which they believe is crucial for their sustenance. It’s these conservational actions that make the people and village of Khonoma unique.

In 2005, the tourism ministry of India named Khonoma as India’s first “Green Village” and granted a sum of INR 30 mn (USD 7,00,000). This amount was directed towards improving the infrastructure of the village. Thus, setting an example to the many villages in Nagaland who can take a leaf out of their book.

Sustainable Agricultural Practices

For centuries Khonoma has been following sustainable agricultural practices in tandem with their conservation plans. The villagers prefer to solely rely on natural compost. They do not use any synthetic fertilizers or chemicals for agriculture.

Shifting Cultivation

Khonoma residents are blessed to have the Himalayan Alder Tree amidst their natural surroundings. Due to the tree’s apparent healing properties of reviving nitrogen content in the soil, the villagers began to value their presence. The spike in their routine harvesting cycles was also evident when they planted crops around these trees.

Guess what? A little less than half of these Alder trees are over 200 years old. Due to their conservation, Khonoma has been self-sufficient in the case of food. To keep up with this culture, specific plots are used to grow essential foods. The villagers periodically shift cultivation to another piece of land. This allows the earlier plot to replenish its soil fertility.

Terrace Paddy Cultivation

Terrace cultivation has been in existence since the establishment of the village. The terrace paddy cultivation is a form of irrigated agriculture. Water flows through a system of interconnected channels in a pattern preventing water logging. Today, other than rice, vegetable crops yielding high market prices are also planted. The Angamis and the Chakhesang tribes are proficient at terrace paddy cultivation which distinguishes them from other tribes of Nagaland.

Terrace cultivation at Khonoma Village

The People of Khonoma, Their Homes & Beliefs

The locals are engaged in serving the community and the welfare of the village. At an early age, individuals decide if they want to be involved in the farm or craftmanship.  While touring the village I came across many enthusiastic families who shared heart-warming stories of their lifestyle and culture.

Local craftsmen are known for making woven baskets out of ordinary bamboo. Women weavers are known for their intricate designs on handmade shawls. Other than agriculture and craftmanship, the locals earn by hosting guests in their homestay. Some also work at the tourist center as local guides.

My guide at the Khonoma Village Tour

Houses in Khonoma are built of wood and the fencing around the house is usually in stones. The primary source of fuel is still firewood which is stored outside their homes. The village is well connected by cobblestoned roads. Almost all houses in Khonoma have a kitchen garden to meet their requirements of fruits and vegetables.

Pretty Village House in Khonoma Village

This Angami tribe village is unique with their traditions and beliefs. One of them being they bury the deceased of the family outside their house. They believe that the departed should always be close to their loved ones.

How to Reach Khonoma?

Khonoma is a 20 km bumpy drive from Kohima with the last stretch having mesmerizing views of the terraced fields.

Traveling by road in Nagaland is challenging, often a back-breaking journey. I travelled from Kohima to Khonoma in a share taxi which is the quickest but also the costliest way of getting here (INR 700).

The government offers bus services from Kohima’s Main Town Center (BOC) to Khonoma. However, the bus frequency is poor on this route. It is advisable to check the timings of the bus a day before you plan to travel to Khonoma.

How to Reach Kohima?

By Air: The state airport is in Dimapur having frequent flights from all over the country, however mostly via Kolkata. Then a journey of approximately 3 hours from Dimapur to Kohima.

By Rail: The nearest railway station from Khonoma is Dimapur. Although your train might not be directly going to Dimapur, one can board a connecting train from Guwahati to Dimapur. Guwahati is well connected to the rest of the country.

By Road: Kohima is connected to Guwahati and Shillong, which are major cities in North-East India. Guwahati is 352 kms and Shillong is 414 kms from Kohima. Khonoma is 20 kms from Kohima.

Where to Stay in Khonoma?

My Khonoma village homestay was in the midst of nature overlooking the gorgeous rice fields. It was the perfect opportunity to slow down and appreciate what nature has given us in abundance.

To understand and appreciate the Naga culture I stayed with a local family in their homestay and thus picked Sakhrie’s Homestay. It was run by the entire family who extend a sense of kinship to all tourists. The homestay provided vegetables of incomparable freshness sourced from their private garden. The cost for a night stay at Sakhrie is INR 500.

Steps leading to Sakhrie's Homestay

The village has a total of 20 homestay options, all of which are registered with the community office.

Other Khonoma Accommodations

Hotel Doviepie Inn is the most luxurious option available in this rustic hill-town and is known for its impeccable hospitality. A night stay in a deluxe room is approximately INR 1500.

Fireplace at Doviepie Inn at Khonoma Village

Other Travel Tips – Khonoma Travel Guide

Entry formalities.

A trip to Nagaland would require an entry permit. It would be an oversight to not mention it in the Khonoma travel guide as you can be stopped anywhere for random checks by the Naga Police. You can apply for an Inner Line Permit (ILP) on the website of the Government of Nagaland .

When to Visit Khonoma?

Khonoma is surrounded by tropical rain forests and thus the weather is pleasant most of the year. The sun sets early in this part of the country and by 4pm the temperature starts to dip depending on the time of the year.

The ideal time to visit this beautiful village is between October and February or better in December around the Hornbill festival dates. Nagaland largely being a Christian population it is a festive atmosphere in December.

How Long Should You Stay in Khonoma?

Khonoma is my favourite village in Nagaland where I can immerse myself in nature. Also, I prefer traveling slow and give myself more time to explore. I suggest you must give a couple of days to know the community better. Besides, no matter how many rice fields one has seen, there is no such thing as an overdose of rice terraces .

While you’re here, Dzulekie – a nearby hamlet is also worth a visit. It is about 8 kms from Khonoma. To know more on my experience in Dzulekie, read my Blog on Things to do in Nagaland/Offbeat places .

How to Travel Responsibly in Khonoma?

The village has plenty of green waste baskets installed. Support their campaigns on cleanliness and do not litter.

There is a complete ban on plastic in the village. Do not carry eatables in plastic containers or use plastic water bottles.

Slow down, it’s an experience you need to absorb.

Share this:

Loved the blog. Never heard of this place before, but it sounds awesome. Very detailed with all the needed information. Will definitely plan a trip here. 🙂

A very detailed and informative blog. I had a virtual tour of Khonoma through this blog. Love the way you have presented this and the pics are mindblowing. Keep it up Dev.

That’s a nice content! wonderful places indeed

great content keep it up 🙂

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Tourist arrival in Nagaland one of country's highest: Minister

29 January 2024 IANS

Kohima, Jan 29

agaland Tourism and Higher Education Minister Temjen Imna Along on Monday said that tourist footfall in the state was approximately 15 per cent of the state’s total population, which is among the highest in the country.

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“In terms of population and area, the inflow of tourists into Nagaland is one the highest in the country,” Along said while interacting with the media on the sidelines of the concluding day programme of the 17th Bishu Mini Hornbill Tribal Festival.

He said that tourism in the state had improved due to efforts of the government besides numerous efforts of the Tourism, Art and Culture departments and all the line departments.

Claiming that the annual Hornbill Festival was now known throughout the world, he said the state government looked at the tourism industry in a very holistic manner.

Stressing that the government wanted people to come and enjoy the land of the Nagas, Along said that the state's infrastructures are being developed.

In the 10-day long 24th edition of Hornbill Festival on December 1-10 more than 1,54,000, including over 2,000 foreign tourists participated.

The annual festival was a global showcase of Nagaland’s rich culture and diplomatic success with the participation by the US, Germany, and Colombia as partner countries.

Along said that the government envisioned to make the 25th Hornbill Festival, scheduled in December this year, a unique experience for all visitors.

“The state government is keen to promote Nagaland as a land of festivals, traditions, culture, and inclusiveness,” he said, adding that discussions are going on to make the Hornbill Festival a 24/7 event.

He said the government is mulling to open the heritage area round the clock.

The festival is also a tribute to the great Hornbill, which is an admired and revered bird by the Naga people, for its qualities of alertness and grandeur.

The Hornbill Festival of Nagaland, held at the picturesque Naga Heritage Village Kisama, about 12 km from Kohima, is a cultural extravaganza to revive, protect and preserve the richness and uniqueness of the Naga heritage.

A Nagaland Tourism Department official said that 'The Sydney Morning Herald', a leading daily in Australia, has identified Nagaland as one of the 16 most exciting tourist destinations in the world for 2024.

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"Nagaland will be number one soon in Northeast region in terms of IT entrepreneurship": STPI Kohima Additional Director

K ohima (Nagaland) [India], January 27 (ANI): Nagaland's first and India's 61st Software Technology Park of India (STPI) centre, inaugurated in September 2021 has been witnessing immense development, with several enthusiast entrepreneurs and start-ups building their careers.

STPI was held by Union Minister of State (MoS) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Electronics and IT Rajeev Chandrasekhar at the Directorate of Information Technology and Communication (DITC) on September 17, 2021.

According to the officials, the kohima ">STPI Kohima is one of the eight sub-centres of the STPI Directorate at Guwahati.

Talking to ANI on Saturday at the office of Software Technology Park of India , Kohima, Additional Director and Officer-in-charge, Abhishek Mishra said that the facility came up in association with the Department of Information Technology and Communication of Nagaland, having approximately 20,000 square feet in two floors, equipped with 200-seater facility for plug and play incubation for start-ups and approximately two thousand square feet area for Raw incubations.

Mishra also said that three companies are using the facilities at the kohima ">STPI Kohima with a nominal charge as a rental, another three units have also used the facility for plug-and-play and have graduated.

" kohima ">STPI Kohima Centre has IT applications and graphic design, high-end equipment like the 3D printer, VR headset, gaming facility, high-end laptops, as well as graphic tablets and podcast facility," he said, adding that the STPI Gauhati Directorate has also thrown an open challenge programme to the start-ups where they are selected.

He also said that IT entrepreneurs, start-ups, and MSMEs can participate and that the STPI will provide plug and play facility and lab facility in this area of Nagaland, the remotest part of the country.

"We provide funding on a tranche basis based on milestones achieved by the startups up to 25 lakhs. STPI is holding many events at the Gauhati level, pan-India, and also in collaboration with partners abroad for cross-border collaboration. The kohima ">STPI Kohima is ready to launch another open challenge programme in the month of March 2024 and called upon start-ups and entrepreneurs to participate," Mishra said.

The officer-in-charge also stated that the good thing about Nagaland is its fluency in speaking English, which is very suitable for the IT industry.

He added that he has seen growth in terms of start-ups and over the last eight months, has seen organisations like STPI, NEILIT Startup, and other departments working very hard.

"I can see the IT calendar of Nagaland is very good," Mishra said exuding hope that Nagaland state will soon be number one in the Northeast region in terms of IT entrepreneurship.

Mishra also highlighted that there are challenges in the IT sector as the state of Nagaland doesn't have the IT education nor engineering college and cannot compete with the global world, and poor connectivity in other districts unlike Dimapur. However, the STPI decided to come out with the programme to nurture how to start the journey as an entrepreneur or start-up.

Further, Abhishek Mishra encouraged the start-ups in Nagaland to keep pace with the global competitors and learn entrepreneurial skills first, as challenges like Artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning and the internet are required for the future.

"We should be future-ready entrepreneurs," he further said.

The establishment of the STPI-Kohima Centre is a joint effort of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India, and Government of Nagaland, a step forward to facilitate and support IT/ITeS industry, tech MSMEs, startups, budding entrepreneurs, and innovators of the state. (ANI)

Additional Director and Officer-in-charge STPI-Kohima centre Abhishek Mishra (Photo/ANI)

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    An Insight into Kohima Tourism Amidst the hills, and barely known forest nestles the capital city of Nagaland - Kohima. Standing tall at an elevation of 1500 meters, Kohima was primarily highlighted on India Tourism map during the World War 2 for the decisive battle that was fought here between India, and Japan.

  11. Top 5 Places To Visit In Kohima

    Here are the top 5 places to visit in Kohima: 1. Japfu Peak. Towering at a height of 3048 meters above sea level, Japfu Peak is crowned as the second highest peak in Nagaland. Situated at 15 km south of Kohima, this peak is a paradise for trekking lovers and attracts numerous visitors throughout the year. The trekking experience up to Japfu ...

  12. Kohima

    Highlights Mary Help of Christians Cathedral The Cathedral is located at Aradura Hill in Kohima. Its splendid architecture makes it one of the important landmarks of Kohima. The 16 feet high carved wood crucifix is one of Asia's largest crosses. Dzukou Valley

  13. THE 15 BEST Things to Do in Kohima

    Things to Do in Kohima, India - Kohima Attractions Things to Do in Kohima Explore popular experiences See what other travelers like to do, based on ratings and number of bookings. See All Cultural Tours (4) Top Picks Multi-day & Extended Tours (5) Private and Luxury (3) Private & Custom Tours (3) Ways to tour Kohima

  14. Ep 1 Places to visit in Kohima, Nagaland

    To reach Kohima you can either take a flight to Dimapur and then travel by taxi or from Guwahahti you can take a train to Dimapur. We spent one and a half da...

  15. Tourist Places

    Tourist Places Tourist Places Filter: Kisama Heritage Village Kisama is 12km from Kohima on the National Highway number 39. The gentle slope at the base of a steep… Directions Touphema Tourist Village The Touphema Tourist Villageis one of the ancient heritage villages of Nagaland and is a wonderful recreation of a traditional… Directions

  16. 14 Nagaland Tourist Places: Home to Indigenous Tribes, Valleys ...

    14 Tranquil Nagaland Tourist Places are -. 1. Kohima. Welcome to the world of greenery, different tribal settlements and rural tourism. Kohima is one of the top-rated Nagaland tourist places known for its beauty. Being the capital city of the state, it attracts tourists from all around the world. Kohima.

  17. Kohima

    Kohima (/ k oʊ ˈ h iː m ə / ⓘ; Angami Naga: Kewhira (IPA: [ˈkɛʍɪɻə])) is the capital of the Indian state of Nagaland.With a resident population of almost 100,000, it is the second largest city in the state. Kohima constitutes both a district and a municipality.The municipality covers 20 km 2 (7.7 sq mi). The city lies on the foothills of Japfü section of the Barail Range located ...

  18. Nagaland Tourism

    Nagaland Tourism, Kohima. 21,238 likes · 113 talking about this · 887 were here. Strive to promote and develop tourism in the un-tapped and remote...

  19. Khonoma village: Complete guide to the green village!

    Khonoma, known as Asia's first green village is best known for eco-tourism and its historical battles with British in past. The strong community ties, rich history, profound tales of valour, the unusual conservation effort and proximity with nearby Kohima, the capital of Nagaland makes Khonoma a wonderful tourist destination in North East India.

  20. Kohima Travel Guide 2023: Best of Kohima Tourism

    Kohima Tourism and Travel Guide The recently 'smoke-free' declared city has a lot to offer in terms of its rich history and culture. Nestled in the foothills of the Himalayas and bordering Burma, Kohima boasts of lush green hills and forests amidst which treks and morning walks are a pleasure.

  21. Touphema Tourist Village

    The Touphema Tourist Villageis one of the ancient heritage villages of Nagaland and is a wonderful recreation of a traditional AngamiNaga village. It is setup with cabins and rooms that have been built to look like traditional huts / cottage.

  22. Khonoma Travel Guide

    Traveling by road in Nagaland is challenging, often a back-breaking journey. I travelled from Kohima to Khonoma in a share taxi which is the quickest but also the costliest way of getting here (INR 700). The government offers bus services from Kohima's Main Town Center (BOC) to Khonoma. However, the bus frequency is poor on this route.

  23. Tourist arrival in Nagaland one of country's highest: Minister

    Kohima, Jan 29: Nagaland Tourism and Higher Education Minister Temjen Imna Along on Monday said that tourist footfall in the state was approximately 15 per cent of the state's total population ...

  24. "Nagaland will be number one soon in Northeast region in terms of IT

    Kohima (Nagaland) [India], January 27 (ANI): Nagaland's first and India's 61st Software Technology Park of India (STPI) centre, inaugurated in September 2021 has been witnessing immense ...

  25. 2K HOTEL, KOHIMA on Instagram: "As Nagaland gears up for the Hornbill

    19 likes, 0 comments - 2k.hotel on October 23, 2023: "As Nagaland gears up for the Hornbill Festival 2023, Kohima Hotel and Restaurant Union (KHRU) hel..." 2K HOTEL, KOHIMA on Instagram: "As Nagaland gears up for the Hornbill Festival 2023, Kohima Hotel and Restaurant Union (KHRU) held a One Day Training-cum-Refresher course in Hospitality ...